Anterior triangle of the neck

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Anterior triangle of the neck
Copy of Musculi coli base, my edits for tringles, labeled trianglesanteriorT.svg
Anterior triangle
Side of neck, showing chief surface markings. (Nerves are yellow, arteries are red.)
Latin Trigonum cervicale anterius; Trigonum colli anterius
Gray's p.563
TA A01.2.02.002
FMA 57777
Anatomical terminology

The anterior triangle is a region of the neck.


The triangle is inverted with its apex inferior to its base which is under the chin.

Inferior boundary (base) Jugular notch in the manubrium of the sternum
Anterior boundary Midline of the neck from chin to the jugular notch
Posterior boundary The anterior margin of Sternocleidomastoideus
Superior boundary (apex) The lower border of the body of the mandible, and a line extending from the angle of the mandible to the mastoid process

Investing fascia covers the roof of the triangle while visceral fascia covers the floor.



Nerve supply[edit]

2 Bellies of Digastric

Stylohyoid: by the facial nerve, by a branch from that to the posterior belly of digastric.

Mylohyoid: by its own nerve, a branch of the inferior alveolar ( from the mandibular division of trigemminal nerve), which arises just before the parent nerve enters the mandibular foramen, pierces the sphenomandibular ligament, and runs forward on the inferior surface of the mylohyoid, supplying it and the anterior belly of the digastric.

Geniohyoid: by a branch from the hypoglossal nerve consisting of fibres from the C1 nerve.

Sternohyoid, Omohyoid, Sternthyroid are supplied by Ansa cervicalis.

Thyrohyoid: by a branch of hypoglossal nerve but the fibres are all 'hitch-hiking' from C1.



This space is subdivided into four smaller triangles by the Digastricus above, and the superior belly of the Omohyoideus.

These smaller triangles are named:

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

External links[edit]

  • lesson5 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (necktriangle)
  • lesson6 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University)