|From||Lateral epicondyle of the femur|
|To||Anterolateral aspect of the proximal tibia|
Claes and Bellemans (2013) found that the ALL originates at the lateral epicondyle of the femur, and inserts at the anterolateral aspect of the proximal tibia. However, Vincent et al. (2012) reported the origin to be the lateral femoral condyle.
The ALL, which has been suggested to occur in at 33-97% of the human population, seems to stabilize medial rotation of the knee. However, the anterior cruciate ligament is the most important contributor to rotatory knee stability. It is uncertain if an isolated anterolateral ligament injury with an intact anterior cruciate ligament injury leads to knee instability. This topic is being hotly debated and researched. The "pivot shift" phenomenon in anterior cruciate ligament injury patients may be ascribed to additional trauma to the ALL or other structures in the anterolateral knee.
The Segond fracture is probably an avulsion of the anterolateral ligament. In such injuries, fragments of the lateral tibial condyle of the knee are torn from the bone by the soft tissue structures of the anterolateral knee.
- Claes, S.; Vereecke, E.; Maes, M.; Victor, J.; Verdonk, P.; Bellemans, J. (Oct 2013). "Anatomy of the anterolateral ligament of the knee.". J Anat. 223 (4): 321–8. PMC . PMID 23906341. doi:10.1111/joa.12087.
- Segond P (1879) Recherches cliniques et expérimentales sur les épanchements sanguins du genou par entorse. Progrès Médical (Paris) (accessible from ), 1-85.
- "Recherches cliniques et expérimentales sur les épanchements sanguins du genou par entorse, par Paul Segond,". Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Vincent, J. P.; Magnussen, R. A.; Gezmez, F.; et al. (January 2012). "The anterolateral ligament of the human knee: An anatomic and histologic study". Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 20 (1): 147–52. PMID 21717216. doi:10.1007/s00167-011-1580-3.
- Hughston et al., Classification of knee ligament instabilities. Part II. The lateral compartment.
- Burnham M.D., Jeremy. "Review of the Anterolateral Ligament and Anterolateral Complex".
- Anatomy photo:17:02-0701 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center – "Major Joints of the Lower Extremity: Knee Joint"
- Anatomy figure: 17:07-08 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center – "Superior view of the tibia."
- Anatomy figure: 17:08-03 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center – "Medial and lateral views of the knee joint and cruciate ligaments."
- lljoints at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (antkneejointopenflexed)