The National Anthem of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Мемлекеттік Әнұраны, translit. Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Memlekettik Ánurany, قازاقستان زەسپۋبلىيكاسىنىڭ مەملەكەتتئك أنۇرانى, [qɑzɑqˈstɑn ri̯ɘspʊwblɘjkɑsəˈnəɴ mi̯ɘmli̯ɘki̯ɘˈtːɘk ænʉrɑˈnə])[verify] is the title of the former national anthem of Kazakhstan, when it was adopted as the anthem from 1992 to early 2006. Upon independence in December 1991, the melody of the Kazakh SSR anthem, composed by Mukan Tulebayev, Yevgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Khamidi, was retained; and new lyrics were adopted in 1992 after a lengthy competition. The lyrics were written jointly by four people including poet Zhadyra Daribayeva, one of only a handful of women to have ever been involved in writing a national anthem.
On January 7, 2006, "My Kazakhstan" (Kazakh: Meniń Qazaqstanym), written in 1956, was adopted as the country's new national anthem, with modified lyrics.
^Marshall, Alex (2015). Republic or Death! Travels in Search of National Anthems. London: Random House Books. pp. 137–139. ISBN9781847947413. A lot of people then said to me, 'Maybe your words are actually good, but you're not famous; you're a woman. Try joining up with others.' Zhadyra, showing admirable restraint, somehow didn't tell any of these people to shove their chauvinism somewhere unpleasant. Instead, she found some men willing to work with her - famous men at that - and the group spent the next three months sending letters back and forth, toiling to put all of Kazakhstan's history and its people's emotions into just three verses and a chorus