Anthoine Hubert

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Anthoine Hubert
Anthoine Hubert 2013 (cropped).JPG
Anthoine Hubert (2013)
NationalityFrance French
Born(1996-09-22)22 September 1996
Lyon, France
Died31 August 2019(2019-08-31) (aged 22)
Stavelot, Belgium
Debut season2019
FIA Formula 2 Championship
TeamsBWT Arden
Car number19 (retired in honour)[1]
Starts16
Wins2
Podiums2
Poles2[a]
Fastest laps0
Best finish10th in 2019
Previous series
201718
2016
201415
201415
2013
GP3 Series
FIA Formula 3 European Championship

Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0
Formula Renault 2.0 Alps
French F4 Championship
Championship titles
2018
2013
GP3 Series
French F4 Championship

Anthoine Hubert (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃twan ybɛʁ]; 22 September 1996 – 31 August 2019) was a French professional racing driver. He was the 2018 GP3 Series champion. He died, at the age of 22, following an accident during the feature race of the 2019 Spa-Francorchamps Formula 2 round at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps.

Career[edit]

Karting[edit]

Born in Lyon, Hubert began his karting career in 2004 at age eight.[2] In 2010 he finished as runner-up in the CIK-FIA Karting Academy Trophy.[3] In the 2011 and 2012 CIK-FIA "U18" World Karting Championships, he finished third.[4][5]

Formula Renault[edit]

In 2013, Hubert moved up to single-seater racing, joining the French F4 Championship.[6] He went on to win the series on his first attempt, finishing the season with eleven wins and two further podium finishes.[7]

In 2014, he graduated to competing in the Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 with Tech 1 Racing.[8] He finished fifteenth overall, with six point-scoring finishes throughout the season.[9] He also participated in Formula Renault 2.0 Alps as guest driver.[10]

For the 2015 season Hubert remained in the Eurocup and with Tech 1.[11] He finished fifth in the championship with wins at Silverstone and Le Mans and another five podiums to his name.[12] He also contested selected events in the Alps series, where he won four of the six races that he started, and finished second in other two races.[13]

Formula 3[edit]

In February 2016, it was confirmed that Hubert would make his debut in the European Formula 3 Championship, racing with Van Amersfoort Racing.[13] He took his first Formula 3 win in the second race at Norisring.[14]

GP3 Series[edit]

Anthoine on track in Jerez
Anthoine in Race 1 at Jerez, 2017

In November 2016, Hubert participated in F3 post-season testing with ART Grand Prix.[15] In February 2017, he was recruited by ART to compete in the 2017 championship.[16] He remained with them for the 2018 season, winning the title and gaining reputation with Formula 1 teams such as Renault.[17][18]

FIA Formula 2 Championship[edit]

In November 2018, Hubert participated in the F2 post-season test at Abu Dhabi with MP Motorsport.[19] In January 2019, Hubert joined F2 full-time racing with BWT Arden. He took two wins in the first half of his debut season, at Monaco and at his home race in France.[20] Hubert's first F2 win, in Monaco, was just 0.059 seconds ahead of the second placed driver (Delétraz).[21] The second and final win was in his home country, a race he started from pole position and finished ahead of Juan Manuel Correa.[22]

Formula One[edit]

In May 2018, Hubert became an affiliated driver with the Renault Sport Academy.[23] In 2019, Hubert received full backing from the Academy.[24]

Death[edit]

On 31 August 2019, Hubert was critically injured when he was involved in a serious crash on the second lap of the feature race of the 2019 Spa-Francorchamps FIA Formula 2 round. As the second lap began, Trident driver Giuliano Alesi lost control of his car as he climbed the Raidillon curve due to a puncture he had received earlier, causing his car to spin and hit the left wall of the circuit, tearing off his rear wing and spreading debris onto the track. As another Trident driver, Ralph Boschung reached the crest of Raidillon, he slowed down and moved towards the run-off area to avoid Alesi's damaged car and the field of debris. Hubert, who was following Boschung's slowing car closely, moved right as well, clipping Boschung's right rear wheel with his front wing. Hubert's car crashed into the tyre barrier on the right side of the track at an acute angle and was deflected sideways into the path of Charouz driver Juan Manuel Correa, who struck the left side of Hubert's car.[25] Correa's speed was estimated to be between 250 and 270 km/h (155-167 mph) in the moments before the impact.[26] The impact produced 70G deceleration.[27] Both cars were torn apart by the force of the accident. Hubert and Correa were transported to the circuit's medical centre following the accident, where Hubert died from his injuries.[28][29]

Correa was airlifted to Liège where he underwent surgery for fractures in both his legs and a minor spinal injury and was reported to be in a stable condition, having never lost consciousness after the impact, but one week later was placed in an induced coma.[30] Alesi, the third driver in the accident, was unhurt. As a result of the accident the feature race was not completed and the sprint race was cancelled out of respect.[31]

Following his death, many drivers and teams in the motorsport world paid tribute to Hubert.[32] On 1 September, a minute's silence was observed before the Formula 3 and Formula 1 races at Spa.[33] Former F3 competitor and Ferrari Formula One driver Charles Leclerc, who won his first career race that afternoon, dedicated his win to Hubert.[34] A standing ovation took place on the 19th lap of the race, corresponding to the number 19 of his Formula 2 car. Before the start of the race, all racing safety vehicles, safety car, medical car, track inspection car, ambulance, car recovery vehicles, etc. made a lap of Circuit de Spa Francorchamps as a tribute to Hubert. All F1 cars had Hubert's car number inside a star and the words "Racing for Anthoine".

Hubert's funeral was on 10 September at Chartres Cathedral, Eure-et-Loir. It was attended by his family, friends and many people from the motorsport world, including Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile president Jean Todt, Renault F1 advisor and four-time champion Alain Prost, Charles Leclerc, Pierre Gasly, Esteban Ocon, and George Russell.[35] Hubert's car number, 19, was later announced to have been permanently retired from use in Formula 2 with his replacement Artem Markelov running the #22 in place of the #19.[1][36]

On the one year anniversary of his death, many people in the F1 paddock went to the Raidillon tyre barrier (including close friend Pierre Gasly), where Hubert crashed to pay their respects. The F2 Feature race had a small remembrance graphic for Hubert on the upper right hand side of the broadcast (a half star with Hubert's initials and his number, AH19). Pierre Gasly wore a tribute helmet for the 2020 Belgian Grand Prix. All single seater race cars in Belgium during the F1 weekend had an AH19 remembrance stickers on them.

Investigation and recommendations[edit]

The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) launched an investigation into the accident.[37] Findings of the accident investigation were presented to the World Motor Sport Council, together with recommended actions in December 2019.[38] F2 cars are built to the same safety standard as F1 cars,[39][40] however, following the accident, Racing Point F1 Team technical boss Andy Green commented: "The energy involved was absolutely huge, and the current chassis design, whether F2 or F1, there's no way a current chassis can survive that sort of impact."[41] The FIA finished this investigation in February 2020.[42]

Hubert was pronounced dead approximately 90 minutes after the accident took place.[43] FIA stated that Hubert's cause of death was "non-survivable trauma", other details such as whether the trauma related injures occurred in the head, neck or chest area were not released.[44] Traumatic injuries can be caused by a wide variety of blunt, penetrating or burn mechanisms.[45] FIA gathers extensive medical data on drivers during the course of the race, however, this data is not released to the public due to privacy and ethical reasons.[46][47] Other drivers killed by trauma related injuries include Ayrton Senna[48] and Dan Wheldon.[49][50]

In May 2020, the FIA Safety Department issued the following safety recommendations which will be implemented in future generations of single seat cars (including F1, F2, F3, F4 and Formula E cars):[51]

  • Debris Containment - using "tethering" in order to prevent large pieces from falling off the car (used currently for keeping wheels attached to the chassis in case of an accident), the use of "tethers" may now be expanded to front and rear wings as well as other large components on the car.[52] Correa struck pieces from Alesi's car (following Alesi's crash) causing Correa's car to become uncontrollable and strike Hubert's already disabled car.[53] IndyCar began fielding "tethers" for non-wheel components in 2016.[54]
  • Increasing the frontal and side strength of the cockpit (also known as the "safety cell").[55][56]
  • Improving the car-to-car compatibility during a crash - the narrow nose section of Formula 2 cars can penetrate the side protection of another car.[57] The current side protection consisting of two Side Impact Protection Structures (SIPS) and Side Anti Intrusion Panel will be redesigned.[57][51] The lack of compatibility in car-to-car collisions was also noticed in the 2017 Billy Monger crash where a piece of the car crash protection structure (designed to protect the driver when colliding with a wall) can cause unnecessarily serious injuries if struck by another car.[57] Correa impacted Hubert at a speed of 218km/h, experienced 65G and suffered much more serious injuries than Robert Kubica did in his 2007 crash (acute respiratory distress syndrome, broken legs, spinal injury[58] vs. Kubicas sprained ankle).[59] Kubica struck the wall at 230km/h and experienced 75G (both higher than Correa).[60]
  • Front wing redesign - increase the robustness of the front wing by introducing “controlled failure” points which should reduce the chance that the entire front wing is destroyed in case of minor contact with another car,[51] as this caused Hubert's car to crash into the barriers and become immobilised;[53] additionally, the loss of the entire front wing also caused Correa to lose control of his car which ultimately resulted in the fatal car-to-car crash between them.[53]
  • Headrest redesign (also known as cockpit surround padding)[57] - ensuring that all or at least part of the headrest remains in place in case of a heavy crash.[51] The same problem was already observed during Magnussen's 2016 crash.[61]
  • Quicker Accident Notification System - for example using the existing rain light to flash in different colours (e.g. yellow to indicate yellow flag conditions on the track or red (to indicate that the race has been stopped). Possible introduction of car to car communication, i.e. notifications of stationary car(s) on the track.[51][57]
  • Tyre Pressure Monitoring System Deployment - crash sequence began with Alesi losing control due to a tyre puncture which he was unaware of before he lost control.[53][51]

In October 2020, it was announced that the Raidillon corner would be modified by expanding the run-off area and reintroducing gravel traps.[62][63]

Legacy[edit]

At the FIA Formula 2 Championship prize-giving ceremony in Monaco in 2019 the Anthoine Hubert Award was introduced. It is named after Hubert who was the only rookie in the season to score two wins.[64] The award is given to the highest-placed driver without previous Formula 2 experience.[65] The inaugural recipient of the Anthoine Hubert Award was Guanyu Zhou.[66]

Hubert is remembered in the racing game F1 2020, where he is a selectable driver.[67]

Racing record[edit]

Career summary[edit]

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles FLaps Podiums Points Position
2013 French F4 Championship Autosport Academy 21 11 10 8 13 365 1st
2014 Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 Tech 1 Racing 14 0 0 0 0 30 15th
Formula Renault 2.0 Alps 6 0 0 0 0 N/A NC†
2015 Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 Tech 1 Racing 17 2 2 2 7 172 5th
Formula Renault 2.0 Alps 6 4 4 3 6 N/A NC†
2016 FIA Formula 3 European Championship Van Amersfoort Racing 30 1 1 1 3 160 8th
Masters of Formula 3 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 7th
Macau Grand Prix 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 13th
2017 GP3 Series ART Grand Prix 15 0 0 4 4 123 4th
2018 GP3 Series ART Grand Prix 18 2 2 4 11 214 1st
2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship BWT Arden 16 2 0 0 2 77 10th
Source:[68]

As Hubert was a guest driver, he was ineligible for championship points.

Complete FIA Formula 3 European Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 DC Points
2016 Van Amersfoort Racing Mercedes LEC
1

17
LEC
2

8
LEC
3

6
HUN
1

Ret
HUN
2

13
HUN
3

14
PAU
1

12
PAU
2

7
PAU
3

12
RBR
1

16
RBR
2

10
RBR
3

16
NOR
1

8
NOR
2

1
NOR
3

2
ZAN
1

9
ZAN
2

4
ZAN
3

10
SPA
1

Ret
SPA
2

4
SPA
3

2
NÜR
1

10
NÜR
2

5
NÜR
3

9
IMO
1

5
IMO
2

6
IMO
3

6
HOC
1

10
HOC
2

7
HOC
3

10
8th 160
Source:[69]

Complete GP3 Series results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Pos Points Ref
2017 ART Grand Prix CAT
FEA

5
CAT
SPR

4
RBR
FEA

4
RBR
SPR

7
SIL
FEA

2
SIL
SPR

8
HUN
FEA

3
HUN
SPR

5
SPA
FEA

Ret
SPA
SPR

7
MNZ
FEA

3
MNZ
SPR

C
JER
FEA

5
JER
SPR

3
YMC
FEA

11
YMC
SPR

5
4th 123 [70]
2018 ART Grand Prix CAT
FEA

2
CAT
SPR

2
LEC
FEA

1
LEC
SPR

7
RBR
FEA

17
RBR
SPR

9
SIL
FEA

1
SIL
SPR

4
HUN
FEA

3
HUN
SPR

3
SPA
FEA

3
SPA
SPR

2
MNZ
FEA

2
MNZ
SPR

DSQ
SOC
FEA

3
SOC
SPR

4
YMC
FEA

3
YMC
SPR

Ret
1st 214 [71]

Complete FIA Formula 2 Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate points for the fastest lap of top ten finishers)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 DC Points Ref
2019 BWT Arden BHR
FEA

4
BHR
SPR

9
BAK
FEA

10
BAK
SPR

11
CAT
FEA

6
CAT
SPR

5
MON
FEA

8
MON
SPR

1
LEC
FEA

8
LEC
SPR

1
RBR
FEA

4
RBR
SPR

17
SIL
FEA

18
SIL
SPR

11
HUN
FEA

11
HUN
SPR

11
SPA
FEA

C
SPA
SPR

C
MNZ
FEA
MNZ
SPR
SOC
FEA
SOC
SPR
YMC
FEA
YMC
SPR
10th 77 [72]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 0 poles achieved during qualifying, and 2 poles given as a result of the reverse grid in the sprint race.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Alexandre Baron
French F4 Championship
Champion

2013
Succeeded by
Lasse Sørensen
Preceded by
George Russell
GP3 Series
Champion

2018
Succeeded by
Robert Shwartzman
(FIA Formula 3 Championship)