Anthology 1

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Anthology 1
Anthology1cover.jpg
Compilation album by The Beatles
Released 20 November 1995 (1995-11-20)
Recorded 12 July 1958 – 18 October 1964; c. 1977 & February–March 1994
Genre Rock
Length 124:54
Label Apple (CDP 7243 8 34445 2), Capitol
Producer George Martin, Jeff Lynne ("Free as a Bird")
The Beatles chronology
Live at the BBC
(1994)
Anthology 1
(1995)
Anthology 2
(1996)
Singles from Anthology 1
  1. "Free as a Bird"
    Released: 4 December 1995

Anthology 1 is a compilation album by the Beatles, released on 20 November 1995 by Apple Records as part of The Beatles Anthology series. It features rarities, outtakes and live performances from the period 1958–1964, including songs with original bass player Stuart Sutcliffe and drummer Pete Best. It is the first in a trilogy of albums with Anthology 2 and Anthology 3, all of which tie in with the televised special The Beatles Anthology. It contains "Free as a Bird", billed as the first new Beatles song in 25 years. The album topped the Billboard 200 album chart and was certified 8x Platinum by the RIAA.

The Anthology albums were remastered and made available digitally on the iTunes Store on 14 June 2011, individually and as part of the Anthology Box Set.

Content[edit]

The album includes material from the Beatles' days as the Quarrymen, through the Decca audition to sessions for the album Beatles for Sale. It is of historical interest as the only official release of performances with Best and Sutcliffe in the band. Sutcliffe, the band's original bass player during 1960, and sporadically during the group's second Hamburg season, appears on the disc-one tracks "Hallelujah, I Love Her So", "You'll Be Mine" and "Cayenne". Best, who was the band's drummer from just prior to the group's first departure for Hamburg in August 1960 until 15 August 1962 when he was replaced by Ringo Starr, is on disc one, tracks 10–12, 15–19 and 21–22.

Disc one tracks 10–12 were recorded at a session in Hamburg where the Beatles served as the back-up band to the English rock and roll musician Tony Sheridan. Some songs from this session were released on the 1962 LP My Bonnie, credited to Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers. The song "My Bonnie" would be their introductory single in England, featuring Sheridan on lead vocal and guitar. Disc one tracks 21–22 are the only surviving recordings of the Beatles' first EMI session. Track 22 is the original recording of "Love Me Do", which would be re-recorded by the group four months later for their first single. Disc one track 23 features EMI session drummer Andy White in place of Starr.

Disc two contains performances from comedy duo Morecambe and Wise's popular television programme, Two of a Kind, as well as the opening song from their famed performance on The Ed Sullivan Show, which introduced the band to most of the US in 1964.

The flashpoint for the album came with the song "Free as a Bird" – the three remaining Beatles Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr re-working a John Lennon demo recording given to McCartney by Lennon's widow, Yoko Ono. Produced by Harrison's Traveling Wilburys band-mate Jeff Lynne, the three added additional music and lyrics, instrumentation and backing vocals, with McCartney and Harrison both taking a turn at a lead vocal.

The live BBC Radio recording of "Lend Me Your Comb" was held back from Live at the BBC for inclusion on this album, but it was later also included on On Air – Live at the BBC Volume 2.

Album cover[edit]

The cover of Anthology 1 is the first third of the Anthology collage made by Klaus Voormann. Various photographs and album covers are torn and collected together. Pete Best's face was torn away from the Savage Young Beatles record jacket in the centre of the album cover, revealing the face of his successor, Ringo Starr, below. The missing piece was subsequently used on the cover of Best's Haymans Green album in 2008.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3/5 stars[1]
MusicHound 2/5[2]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 3/5 stars[3]
Wall of Sound 84/100[4]

The album was a large success throughout the world. It was the first Beatles album to enter the Billboard 200 album chart at number one. It sold 855,473 copies in its first week, the 27th largest one-week sales in the Soundscan history, succeeding Fresh Horses by Garth Brooks. In its second week, Anthology 1 sold 453,000 copies and maintained the top spot. This was repeated the following week, with 435,000 copies sold. In its fourth week, the same quantity was sold, but the album fell to number two, behind Mariah Carey's Daydream. In the following week, the album fell to number three but with 601,000 sales. Anthology 1 was certified 3× Platinum by the RIAA after six weeks in the US market. In all, the album spent 29 weeks on the Billboard 200, reaching cumulative sales of 3,639,000 scans as of April 2001. In the UK, reaction was similar, but the album peaked at number two, behind Robson & Jerome's eponymous album. In Australia, the album spent two weeks at number one in December 1995.

Track listing[edit]

Spoken word tracks in italics.

CD release[edit]

All tracks in stereo, except where noted.

All tracks written by Lennon–McCartney, except spoken word tracks and where noted. 

Disc one
No. Title Writer(s) Recording date and location Length
1. "Free as a Bird"   John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr c. 1977; February–March 1994
The Dakota, New York City, New York, US; the Mill Studio, Sussex, UK[citation needed]
4:25
2. "We were four guys ... that's all" (Lennon speaking to Jann Wenner of Rolling Stone)   8 December 1970
New York City
0:12
3. "That'll Be the Day" (by the Quarrymen; mono) Jerry Allison, Buddy Holly, Norman Petty 12 July 1958
Phillips' Sound Recording Services, Liverpool, UK
2:08
4. "In Spite of All the Danger" (by the Quarrymen; mono) McCartney, Harrison 12 July 1958
Phillips' Sound Recording Services
2:45
5. "Sometimes I'd borrow ... those still exist" (McCartney speaking to Mark Lewisohn)   3 November 1994
London, UK
0:18
6. "Hallelujah, I Love Her So" (home demo; mono) Ray Charles 1960
20 Forthlin Road, Liverpool
1:13
7. "You'll Be Mine" (home demo; mono)   1960
20 Forthlin Road
1:39
8. "Cayenne" (home demo; instrumental; mono) McCartney 1960
20 Forthlin Road
1:14
9. "First of all ... it didn't do a thing here" (McCartney speaking to Malcom Threadgill)   27 October 1962
Hulme Hall, Port Sunlight, UK
0:07
10. "My Bonnie" (by Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers) trad. arr. Tony Sheridan 22 June 1961
Friedrich-Ebert-Halle, Hamburg, Germany
2:42
11. "Ain't She Sweet" (by the Beat Brothers) Milton Ager, Jack Yellen 22 June 1961
Friedrich-Ebert-Halle
2:13
12. "Cry for a Shadow" (by the Beat Brothers; instrumental) Lennon, Harrison 22 June 1961
Friedrich-Ebert-Halle
2:22
13. "Brian was a beautiful guy ... he presented us well" (Lennon speaking to David Wigg for BBC Radio 1's Scene and Heard)   October 1971
New York City
0:10
14. "I secured them ... a Beatle drink even then" (Brian Epstein reading from A Cellarful of Noise) Brian Epstein 13 October 1964
EMI Studios, London
0:18
15. "Searchin'" (Decca audition; mono) Jerry Leiber, Mike Stoller 1 January 1962
Decca Studios, London
3:00
16. "Three Cool Cats" (Decca audition; mono) Leiber, Stoller 1 January 1962
Decca Studios
2:25
17. "The Sheik of Araby" (Decca audition; mono) Harry B. Smith, Francis Wheeler, Ted Snyder 1 January 1962
Decca Studios
1:43
18. "Like Dreamers Do" (Decca audition; mono)   1 January 1962
Decca Studios
2:36
19. "Hello Little Girl" (Decca audition; mono)   1 January 1962
Decca Studios
1:40
20. "Well, the recording test ... by my artists" (Epstein reading from A Cellarful of Noise) Epstein 13 October 1964
EMI Studios
0:32
21. "Besame Mucho" (mono) Consuelo Velázquez, Sunny Skylar 6 June 1962
EMI Studios
2:37
22. "Love Me Do" (mono)   6 June 1962
EMI Studios
2:32
23. "How Do You Do It" (mono) Mitch Murray 4 September 1962
EMI Studios
1:57
24. "Please Please Me" (mono)   11 September 1962
EMI Studios
1:59
25. "One After 909 (sequence)" (Takes 3, 4 & 5; mono)   5 March 1963
EMI Studios
2:23
26. "One After 909 (complete)" (Takes 4 & 5; mono)   5 March 1963
EMI Studios
2:56
27. "Lend Me Your Comb" (live at the BBC for Pop Go the Beatles; mono) Kay Twomey, Fred Wise, Ben Weisman 2 July 1963
Maida Vale Studios, London
1:50
28. "I'll Get You" (live on Sunday Night at the London Palladium; mono)   13 October 1963
The London Palladium, London
2:08
29. "We were performers ... in Britain" (Lennon speaking to Wenner)   8 December 1970
New York City
0:12
30. "I Saw Her Standing There" (live for The Beatles, Pop Group from Liverpool Visiting Stockholm; mono)   24 October 1963
The Karlaplansstudion, Stockholm, Sweden
2:49
31. "From Me to You" (live for The Beatles, Pop Group from Liverpool Visiting Stockholm; mono)   24 October 1963
The Karlaplansstudion
2:05
32. "Money (That's What I Want)" (live for The Beatles, Pop Group from Liverpool Visiting Stockholm; mono) Janie Bradford, Berry Gordy 24 October 1963
The Karlaplansstudion
2:52
33. "You Really Got a Hold on Me" (live for The Beatles, Pop Group from Liverpool Visiting Stockholm; mono) Smokey Robinson 24 October 1963
The Karlaplansstudion
2:58
34. "Roll Over Beethoven" (live for The Beatles, Pop Group from Liverpool Visiting Stockholm; mono) Chuck Berry 24 October 1963
The Karlaplansstudion
2:22
Disc two
No. Title Writer(s) Recording date and location Length
1. "She Loves You" (Live on the Royal Variety Performance; mono)   4 November 1963
The Prince of Wales Theatre, London
2:50
2. "Till There Was You" (Live on the Royal Variety Performance; mono) Meredith Willson 4 November 1963
The Prince of Wales Theatre
2:54
3. "Twist and Shout" (Live on the Royal Variety Performance; mono) Bert Russell, Phil Medley 4 November 1963
The Prince of Wales Theatre
3:05
4. "This Boy" (Live on Two of a Kind; mono)   2 December 1963
ATV Studios, London
2:22
5. "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (Live on Two of a Kind; mono)   2 December 1963
ATV Studios
2:37
6. "Boys, what I was thinking..." (Eric Morecambe and Ernie Wise speaking to the Beatles live on Two of a Kind)   2 December 1963
ATV Studios
2:06
7. "Moonlight Bay" (Live on Two of a Kind; mono) Edward Madden, Percy Wenrich 2 December 1963
ATV Studios
0:50
8. "Can't Buy Me Love" (Takes 1 & 2)   29 January 1964
Pathé Marconi, Paris, France
2:10
9. "All My Loving" (live on The Ed Sullivan Show; mono)   9 February 1964
CBS-TV Studio 50, New York City
2:19
10. "You Can't Do That" (Take 6)   25 February 1964
EMI Studios
2:42
11. "And I Love Her" (Take 2)   25 February 1964
EMI Studios
1:52
12. "A Hard Day's Night" (Take 1)   16 April 1964
EMI Studios
2:44
13. "I Wanna Be Your Man" (live for Around the Beatles)   19 April 1964
IBC Studios, London
1:48
14. "Long Tall Sally" (live for Around the Beatles) Enotris Johnson, Richard Penniman, Robert Blackwell 19 April 1964
IBC Studios
1:45
15. "Boys" (live for Around the Beatles) Luther Dixon, Wes Farrell 19 April 1964
IBC Studios
1:50
16. "Shout" (live for Around the Beatles) Rudolph Isley, Ronald Isley, O'Kelly Isley Jr 19 April 1964
IBC Studios
1:31
17. "I'll Be Back (Take 2)"     1 June 1964
EMI Studios
1:13
18. "I'll Be Back (Take 3)"     1 June 1964
EMI Studios
1:58
19. "You Know What to Do" (demo) Harrison 3 June 1964
EMI Studios
1:59
20. "No Reply (demo)"     3 June 1964
EMI Studios
1:46
21. "Mr. Moonlight" (Takes 1 & 4) Roy Lee Johnson 14 August 1964
EMI Studios
2:47
22. "Leave My Kitten Alone" (Take 5) Little Willie John, Titus Turner, James McDougal 14 August 1964
EMI Studios
2:57
23. "No Reply" (Take 2)   30 September 1964
EMI Studios
2:29
24. "Eight Days a Week (sequence)" (Takes 1, 2 & 4)   6 October 1964
EMI Studios
1:25
25. "Eight Days a Week (complete)" (Take 5)   6 October 1964
EMI Studios
2:48
26. "Kansas City / Hey-Hey-Hey-Hey!" (Take 2) Leiber, Stoller / Penniman 18 October 1964
EMI Studios
2:44

Vinyl release[edit]

Cassette release[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[5] Gold 30,000*
Austria (IFPI Austria)[6] Gold 25,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[7] 9× Platinum 900,000^
Germany (BVMI)[8] Gold 250,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[9] 2× Platinum 607,000[10]
Norway (IFPI Norway)[11] Gold 25,000*
Poland (ZPAV)[12] Gold 50,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[13] Platinum 100,000^
Sweden (GLF)[14] Gold 50,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[15] Platinum 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[16] 2× Platinum 600,000^
United States (RIAA)[17] 8× Platinum 4,000,000^
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[18] 2× Platinum 2,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Charts[edit]

Preceded by
R. Kelly by R. Kelly
Billboard 200 number-one album
9–29 December 1995
Succeeded by
Daydream by Mariah Carey
Preceded by
Something to Remember by Madonna
Australian ARIA Albums Chart number-one album
3–16 December 1995
Succeeded by
The Memory of Trees by Enya

Personnel[edit]

The Beatles
  • George Harrison – vocals, lead guitar
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar, harmonica
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass guitar
  • Ringo Starr – vocals, drums, percussion
  • Pete Best – drums on "My Bonnie", "Ain't She Sweet", "Cry for a Shadow", "Searchin'", "Three Cool Cats", "The Sheik of Araby", "Like Dreamers Do", "Hello Little Girl", "Bésame Mucho", "Love Me Do"
  • Stuart Sutcliffe – bass guitar on "Hallelujah, I Love Her So", "You'll Be Mine", "Cayenne"
Additional musicians
  • Colin Hanton – drums on "That'll Be the Day", "In Spite of All the Danger"
  • John Lowe – piano on "That'll Be the Day", "In Spite of All the Danger"
  • Tony Sheridan – lead vocal on "My Bonnie"
  • Andy White – drums on "Please Please Me"

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unterberger, Richie. Anthology 1 at AllMusic. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  2. ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide (2nd edn). Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 88. ISBN 1-57859-061-2. 
  3. ^ "The Beatles: Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Schwager, Jeff. "Wall of Sound Review: The Beatles Anthology 1". Wall of Sound. Archived from the original on 5 April 2001. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Argentinian album certifications – The Beatles – The Anthology". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. 
  6. ^ "Austrian album certifications – The Beatles – Anthology" (in German). IFPI Austria.  Enter The Beatles in the field Interpret. Enter Anthology in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  7. ^ "Canadian album certifications – The Beatles – Anthology 1". Music Canada. 
  8. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (The Beatles; 'Anthology 1')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  9. ^ "RIAJ > The Record > February 1996 > Highest Certified International Albums/Singles (Mar '89 - Sep '96)" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9. 
  11. ^ "Norwegian album certifications – The Beatles – Anthology 1" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. 
  12. ^ "Polish album certifications – The Beatles – Anthology 1" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. 
  13. ^ "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1991–1995". Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano. ISBN 8480486392. 
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  16. ^ "British album certifications – Beatles – Anthology 1". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Anthology 1 in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
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