Anthon B. Nilsen

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Anthon Bernhard Elias Nilsen
Anthon Bernhard Nilsen 1930.jpg
Anthon B. Nilsen in 1930.
Member of the Norwegian Parliament
for Fredrikstad
In office
Personal details
Born 1855
Svelvik, Norway
Died 1936
Nationality Norwegian
Political party Conservative
Occupation Businessperson

Anthon Bernhard Elias Nilsen (30 June 1855 – 6 December 1936) was a Norwegian businessman and politician for the Conservative Party. He also wrote novels, under the pseudonym Elias Kræmmer.

He was born in Svelvik.[1] A small town, Svelvik nonetheless played an important role, being the nearest port of the larger town Drammen when the Drammensfjord inlet was frozen over during the winter.[2] Nilsen later moved to Drammen,[1] and in 1879 he established a company to export pulp and paper products as well as lumber.[3] The company, named Anth. B. Nilsen & Co from 1912,[1] was taken over by his sons in the 1930s.[3] It still exists today, under the name Anthon B Nilsen AS. Mainly emphasizing investment, it owns several Norwegian colleges.[4]

Anthon Nilsen also lived in Fredrikstad for many years. He came to the city in 1877[5] to work as manager of Fredrikstad Dampsag (Fredrikstad sawmill), but also co-founded the newspaper Fredriksstad Blad, which still exists today.[6] Nilsen was elected from Fredrikstad to the Norwegian Parliament in 1895, but served only one term.[7] He was also active in local politics. He left Fredrikstad in 1901,[5] and later lived at Larkollen and Jeløya.[6]

Under the pseudonym Elias Kræmmer, Nilsen had a sizeable literary production. His debut came in 1894 with Glade Borgere, a collection of small town depictions.[1] He was not acknowledged for high literary quality,[6] but nonetheless became popular for his humour.[1] Later books include the novels Sigurd Seiersborg (1920), Fyrgangen (1923), Bølgerne ruller (1925), Asylet (1928), Evensen (1930), Elias Kræmmers oplevelser (1932), Glade ungdom (1933) and Paa livets høislette (1934).[1] One of his plays, written in 1912, was staged at the National Theatre.[6] Nilsen also published a collection of poetry in 1919 under his real name.[1]

A bust of Nilsen was raised in Svelvik in 1955.[8] A street in Fredrikstad has been named after Elias Kræmmer.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Nilsen, Anthon Bernhard Elias". Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007. 
  2. ^ Branstad, Ole and Branstad, Are: Det regionale maritime Norge. Vestfold University College, 2001.
  3. ^ a b Company history Archived June 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. – Anthon B Nilsen official site.
  4. ^ Stenseng, Sverre (3 May 2006). "Skole-fest". (in Norwegian). Retrieved 21 November 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c Elias Kræmmers gate Archived August 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. – Fredrikstad City Encyclopedia. Hosted by Fredriksstad Blad.
  6. ^ a b c d Sjømann, forfatter og kremmer, by Mona Ekelund. Hosted by Kulturnett Østfold.
  7. ^ Anthon Bernhard Elias Nilsen – Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD)
  8. ^ Parks in Svelvik[permanent dead link] – Svelvik municipality.

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