Anthony Adducci

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Anthony J. Adducci
AJ adducci.jpg
Born Anthony Joseph Adducci
August 14, 1937
Chicago, Illinois
Died September 19, 2006
Scottsdale, Arizona
Resting place Resurrection Cemetery, Mendota Heights MN
Residence St. Paul, Minnesota + Scottsdale, Arizona
Nationality Italian American
Other names A.J., Tony
Education 1959 BS degree in Physics at Saint Mary's University of Minnesota, electrical engineering at Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, Illinois and in business administration at the University of Minnesota.
Occupation Inventor and entrepreneur
Known for Co-founding Guidant Corp. precursor Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc., the company that manufactured the world's first lithium battery powered artificial pacemaker.
Spouse(s) Sandra Gordon
Children Michael, Brian, and Alicia

Anthony J. Adducci ( August 14, 1937 – September 19, 2006) was a pioneer of the medical device industry in Minnesota.[1] He is best known for co-founding Guidant Corp. precursor Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc., now part of Boston Scientific, the company that manufactured the world's first lithium battery powered artificial pacemaker.

Early life[edit]

Anthony J. Adducci was born in Chicago, Illinois on August 14, 1937. He was married to Sandra Gordon, had three children: Michael, Brian, and Alicia. He has six grandchildren. He attended Saint Mary's University of Minnesota receiving the BS degree in Physics in 1959. He did additional study in electrical engineering at Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, Illinois and in business administration at the University of Minnesota.

In 1960, he was employed as an acoustical engineer for the Jensen Manufacturing Company in Chicago, Illinois where he engaged in the design and development of loudspeakers and horns.

In 1961, he joined International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation in Chicago Illinois where, as a development engineer, he instructed numerous training courses on digital data communication systems and as a senior test engineer directed ITT personnel in electro-interference testing of the Boeing Minuteman (missile) for the Strategic Air Command. He also taught hi-level courses to the Air Force in Biloxi, Mississippi.

While in Chicago in 1963, Adducci worked with a local physician and developed an electronic ear thermometer used to detect the time of ovulation in the human female. Anthony developed a little earplug and a recording device that would measure the tympanic temperature and got his wife, who was a nurse, to measure her temperatures, and they were able to predict ovulations. They published a paper in the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineerss, INC.) biomedical area.

In August 1964, he accepted a position with the Sperry Rand Corporation's UNIVAC Division in St. Paul Minnesota as a system design engineer engaged in the logic design of computer peripheral equipment.

In April 1966, he joined Medtronic as a Sales Engineer. Anthony was the ninetieth employee at the time. While at Medtronic he served in various technical and marking responsibilities including, sales administration manager, and pacemaker consulting specialist. He taught surgeons around the United States in the basics of how pacemakers work, the physiology of the cardiovascular system and the instructions to insert the pacemaker into the body. Anthony was involved in over fifty surgeries while at Medtronic.

In February 1972, he co-founded Cardiac Pacemakers Inc. (CPI) of St. Paul, Minnesota. CPI was a highly successful start up venture, going from zero sales in 1972 to over $47 million and highly profitable when it was acquired by Eli Lilly and Company in 1978 for $127 million.

In August 1998 he became the Commander of the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office Community Service Posse in Arizona.

Board of directors[edit]


Adducci founded The Adducci Family Foundation. A Charitable foundation with special interest in child abuse, battered woman and special educational programs for the elderly.


  • Induction into the Minnesota Science and Technology Hall of Fame [2]
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  • "Transient Distortion in Loudspeakers" 1961 May–June, Issue IRE Transactions on Audio, Volume AU-9, Number 3, pp. 79–85, 1961 IRE International Convention Record.[6]
  • "Ovulation Detection by Internal Cranial Temperature Measurements", January, 1965, Issue IEEE Transactions on Bio-Medical Engineering, Volume BME-12, Number 1, pp. 2–7.[7]
  • "Special Electrical Considerations in the Intensive Coronary Care Unit", 1970 September Issue, The Journal of Extra-Corporeal Technology.

Held Patents[edit]

World's first lithium battery powered pacemaker

An improved heart pacer including the conventional combination of a pulse generator, electrode means, and electrode leads coupling the pulse generator to the electrodes, wherein the battery power source of the pulse generator is a solid-state battery with a lithium anode and a lithium-iodide electrolyte.(see Wilson Greatbatch, ed.). The pacer structure is enclosed in a hermetically sealed metallic enclosure, with means being provided in the enclosure for passing electrode leads in sealed relationship therethrough. The outer surface of the casing is polished metal*, and is continuous in all areas. In certain instances, the continuity may be with the exception of the zone through which the external electrode leads pass.

*In the patent claim the term polished metal * was used as an all-encompassing description. The initial commercial artificial pacemaker, under the patent in 1972, used stainless steel as a non-hermetic encasing medium. Continuing research led to use of the more biologically compatible titanium in a welded hermetically sealed pacemaker in 1976.


External links[edit]