Anthony Davis (composer)
Anthony Davis (born February 20, 1951) is an American pianist and composer. He incorporates several styles including jazz, rhythm 'n' blues, gospel, non-Western, African, European classical, Indonesian gamelan, and experimental music. He has played with several groups and is also professor of music at University of California, San Diego.
Davis is perhaps best known for his operas; he has been called "the dean of African-American opera composers." His better known compositions include X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X, which was premiered by the New York City Opera in 1986; Amistad, which premiered with the Lyric Opera of Chicago in 1997; and Wakonda's Dream, which premiered at Opera Omaha in 2007. His opera The Central Park Five premiered on June 15, 2019 at the Long Beach Opera Company in California. It won him a Pulitzer Prize for Music on May 4, 2020.
Davis is a Distinguished Professor of Music at the University of California, San Diego, having joined the department in 1996. He has received acclaim as a free-jazz pianist, a co-leader or sideman with various ensembles. Such ensembles include those that featured Smith as bandleader from 1974 to 1977. He has played with Anthony Braxton and Leo Smith. In 1981, Davis formed an octet called Episteme. He also wrote the incidental music for the 1993 Broadway version of Tony Kushner's Angels in America.
Many of his operas have explored people and events from African-American history. In a 1986 interview with writer Samuel R. Delany and historian Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Davis provides a detailed account on his influences and motivations for writing X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X. In 1997 his opera Amistad, with a libretto by his cousin Thulani Davis, premiered at the Chicago Lyric Opera. Its ambition was recognized but the production received mixed reviews. It was accepted for a production in 2008 at Spoleto Festival USA. It underwent a major revision and the production was highly praised. Opera Today said that the revised Amistad was "much leaner, more focused and dramatically far more effective than the original. And in so doing they [the Davises] created not only a masterpiece of American opera, but further a work that — against a contemporary horizon darkened by undercurrents of racism — resonates today far beyond Memminger and Spoleto USA."
Davis has also explored Native American history in his work. His opera Wakonda's Dream (2007), with a libretto by Yusef Komunyakaa, is a tale of a contemporary Native American Ponca family in Nebraska and the history that affects them.
His opera, Lilith, (libretto by Allan Havis) had its world premiere at the Conrad Prebys Music Center at UCSD on December 4, 2009. The story is about the demon figure of Jewish mythology who was sometimes said to be biblical Adam's first wife. It is set in a modern era.
He began working on the music for the opera, The Central Park Five, in 2014. An early version, titled Five, was performed in Newark, New Jersey in 2016 by the Trilogy Company. The librettist for both the early and final versions was playwright Richard Wesley. The Central Park Five premiered on June 15, 2019 in a production by the Long Beach Opera Company in San Pedro, California. In 2020 the work won him the Pulitzer Prize for Music. He is the third UCSD professor in the university's 60-year history to win a Pulitzer. He commented, "it’s also very exciting for me that you can create political work that has an impact and speak to issues in our society. I’ve done my career creating political works, and I never thought I would ever get a Pulitzer." He learned that he had won the prize while in a Zoom meeting with music faculty colleagues, so they all heard the phone call; one of them later commented "Best Zoombomb ever!"
In 2022, the Detroit Opera staged a production of X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X, directed by Robert O'Hara, with plans to travel to Chicago, Seattle, and the Metropolitan Opera in New York City in Fall 2023.
- Wayang V (Piano Concerto, 1984)
- Maps (Violin Concerto, 1988)
(These two works were released on Gramavision 18-8807-1, a 12" long playing record, with Davis as soloist in the piano concerto and dedicatee Shem Guibbory as soloist in the violin concerto. In each, the William McGlaughlin led the Kansas City Symphony Orchestra.)
- You Have the Right to Remain Silent (Clarinet Concerto, 2007)
- Amistad Symphony (2009)
- X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X (1986), libretto by Thulani Davis
- Under the Double Moon (1989), libretto by Deborah Atherton
- Tania (1992), with libretto by Michael John LaChiusa, about Patricia Hearst and events following her kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army
- Amistad (1997/revised 2008), with libretto by Thulani Davis, about a case of an 1839 slave mutiny on a Spanish ship that reached the US Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of the Mende, freeing them
- Wakonda's Dream (2007), with libretto by Yusef Komunyakaa, about a contemporary Ponca family in Nebraska, and the spiritual journey of their son
- Lilith (2009), with libretto by Allan Havis, explores a figure from Jewish mythology, sometimes said to be Adam's first wife, set in modern times
- Lear on the 2nd Floor (2012), with libretto by Allan Havis, shifts the story of King Lear to feature a woman neuroscience researcher who suffers from Alzheimer's disease, and her relationships with her three daughters and her late husband Mortimer, the Fool.
- The Central Park Five (2019), with libretto by Richard Wesley. It premiered on June 15, 2019 by the Long Beach Opera Company in California.
- 1978: Past Lives (VPA)
- 1978: Of Blues and Dreams (Sackville)
- 1978: Song for the Old World (India Navigation)
- 1979: Hidden Voices (India Navigation) - with James Newton
- 1980: Lady of the Mirrors (India Navigation)
- 1980: Under the Double Moon (MPS) - with Jay Hoggard
- 1981: Epistēmē (Gramavision)
- 1982: I've Known Rivers (Gramavision)
- 1982: Variations in Dream-Time (India Navigation)
- 1983: Hemispheres (Gramavision)
- 1984: Middle Passage (Gramavision)
- 1985: Return from Space (Wonder Nonfiction) (Gramavision)
- 1986: Undine (Gramavision)
- 1988: Ghost Factory (Gramavision)
- 1990: Trio, Vol. 2 (Gramavision)
- 1989: Trio, Vol. 1 (Rhino)
- 1993: Lost Moon Sisters/In Dora Ohrenstein's Urban Diva
- 1992: X: The Life and Times of Malcolm X (Gramavision)
- 2001: Tania (Koch)
- 2008: Amistad (New World)
With Barry Altschul
- For Stu (Soul Note, 1979)
With Ray Anderson
- Blues Bred in the Bone (Enja, 1988)
With Anthony Braxton
With Marion Brown
With Chico Freeman
With Jay Hoggard
- Mystic Winds, Tropical Breezes (India Navigation, 1982)
With Leroy Jenkins
- The Legend of Ai Glatson (Black Saint, 1978)
- Space Minds, New Worlds, Survival of America (Tomato, 1979)
With George E. Lewis
- Homage to Charles Parker (Black Saint, 1979)
With Bobby Previte
- Hue and Cry (Enja, 1992)
With David Murray
With Wadada Leo Smith
- Reflectativity (Kabell, 1975) also released on Kabell Years: 1971-1979 (Tzadik, 2004)
- Song of Humanity (Kabell, 1977) also released on Kabell Years: 1971–1979 (Tzadik, 2004)
- Reflectativity (Tzadik, 2000)
- Golden Quartet (Tzadik, 2000)
- The Year of the Elephant (Pi, 2002)
- Ten Freedom Summers (Cuneiform, 2012)
- America's National Parks (Cuneiform, 2016)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. pp. 636/7. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- "Anthony Davis | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- Cooper, Michael (May 30, 2019). "This Summer, Opera Grapples With Race". New York Times. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- "The Central Park Five, by Anthony Davis". Pulitzer.org. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- "'Central Park Five' composer Anthony Davis wins the Pulitzer Prize for music". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- "Anthony Davis". Music-cms.ucsd.edu. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
- King, Anthony (May 7, 2020). "Anthony Davis Wins Pulitzer Prize for 'The Central Park Five' Opera". UC San Diego News Center. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
- Delany, Samuel R. (1994). Silent interviews : on language, race, sex, science fiction, and some comics : a collection of written interviews. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0-585-37120-2. OCLC 48139558.
- "Revised Amistad makes its mark", Opera Today, May 2008, Accessed June 25, 2019
- Smith, Steve (March 9, 2007). "Of Coyotes, Men and Tribal Memory". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
- Midgette, Anne (June 23, 2019). "'The Central Park Five' in song: Composer Anthony Davis on his new opera". The Mercury News. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- Varga, George (December 6, 2020). "Pulitzer Prize, Library of Congress induction and Grammy nomination cap banner year for San Diego musicians". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
- Varga, George (May 5, 2020). "UCSD professor Anthony Davis wins Pulitzer Prize for fiery opera 'The Central Park Five'". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
- Woolfe, Zachary (May 15, 2022). "Review: After 36 Years, a Malcolm X Opera Sings to the Future". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
- Ross, Alex (May 27, 2022). "Malcolm X and Hamlet Seize the Opera Stage". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
- "Anthony Davis". Music-cms.ucsd.edu. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- Page, Tim (December 1, 1997). "'AMISTAD' MISSES THE BOAT". Washington Post. Retrieved July 3, 2019.