Anthony Prabhu Gonsalves (12 June 1927 – 18 January 2012) was an Indian musical composer, music arranger and teacher born in the village of Majorda (near Margao in Portuguese Goa), who during the mid-1950s, attempted to merge the symphonies of his Goan heritage with the Hindustani melodies and rhythms in films of the day.
He found his first job in the city as a violinist in the group of the composer Naushad in 1943. He taught R.D. Burman and Pyarelal Sharma of Laxmikant-Pyarelal team and has worked with most of the legendary composers of the 1950s and 1960s. A few examples of his work are B.R. Chopra (Naya Daur, Waqt), Naushad (Dillagi), and Chetan Anand (Haqeeqat). The song "My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves" was Pyarelal's tribute to his violin teacher.
In 1958, Gonsalves founded the Symphony Orchestra of India (as distinct from the Symphony Orchestra of India) featuring playback singers Lata Mangeshkar and Manna Dey as soloists, the works were performed in the quadrangle of St. Xavier's College, Bombay.
In 1965, he quit the film industry and went to the United States, via a travelling grant from Syracuse University in New York. He became a member of the American Society of Composers, Publishers and Authors, and later in returned to India, settled in his ancestral village of Majorda in Goa, and continued composing music, though he never joined the Hindi films again He died in 2012 of pneumonia and hypotension.
Music Arrangement in Indian movies
Influences in Indian popular culture
- My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves, a song in the 1977 film Amar Akbar Anthony
- My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves (2007), a film based on the song
- Anthony Gonsalves, in Raj Comics by Tarunkumar Wahi
- Gitanjali Roy (8 May 2013). "10 things you didn't know about Amar Akbar Anthony". NDTV Movies. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Ethnomusicology Gregory D. Booth (15 September 2008). Behind the Curtain : Making Music in Mumbai's Film Studios: Making Music in Mumbai's Film Studios. Oxford University Press. pp. 3–. ISBN 978-0-19-971665-4. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- The 'Real' Anthony Gonsalves! Archived 23 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine, MA Khan, Screen India, 21 November 2003.
- Remembering Anthony Gonsalves, Naresh Fernandes (Time Out editor), India Seminar No. 543, November 2004.
- "Yes, his name was Anthony Prabhu Gonsalves". 19 January 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)