Anthony Hungerford (Royalist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hungerford should not be confused with his namesake and contemporary, the Parliamentarian Colonel Anthony Hungerford

Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton (1607/08–1657), was an English Member of Parliament who supported the Royalist cause during the English Civil War.

Biography[edit]

Anthony Hungerford was the son, by his second marriage, of Sir Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton (1564–1627), and half-brother of Sir Edward Hungerford (1596–1648).[1]

Anthony Hungerford was elected in 1640 to both the Short and Long parliaments as member for Malmesbury. As a royalist he sat in the king's Oxford Parliament during its first session December 1643 to March 1644.[2] He was heavily fined for his delinquency by the Long Parliament, and was committed to the Tower of London in 1644.[3] He was apparently at liberty in October 1644. According to a statement which he drew up in 1646, to excuse himself from paying the fine imposed on him, he never took up arms for the king: went after the battle of Edgehill to his house in Black Bourton, Oxfordshire; was carried thence by a troop of the king's horse to the 'assembly' at Oxford, where he gave no vote against the parliament, and soon after returning home, purposely rode to the parliamentary camp at Burford, where he was taken prisoner. His fine was reduced, but he was still unable to pay it, and in 1648 orders were given for the seizure of his estate. In December 1652 Cromwell wrote a sympathetic note to him.[4]

Anthony Hungerford succeeded to Farleigh Castle in 1653 as heir of his half-brother Edward. There he died on 18 August 1657,[5] and he was buried in Black Bourton Church on 15 September following.[6]

Family[edit]

Anthony Hungerford married Rachel (died January 1679-80), daughter of Rice Jones of Astall, Oxfordshire, by whom he had twelve children. His heir was his son Edward (1632–1711) A second son, called Colonel Anthony Hungerford, entered Sir Nicholas Armorer's service as a secret agent in England, in the royalist interest, in 1655,[7] in the hope, it is said, of obtaining his elder brother's estate.[1] Rachel, a daughter, married Henry Cary, 4th Viscount Falkland, at Black Bourton on 14 April 1653.[8] He died on 7 June 1703, in his sixty-ninth year, and was buried in the Hungerford chapel of Bourton Church, where his monument is preserved.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hardy 1891, p. 254.
  2. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: cf. Hist. MSS. Comm. 6th Rep. 161.
  3. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: cf. Lloyd, Memoires, p. 691.
  4. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: Carlyle, Cromwell, p. 216.
  5. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: Le Neve, Monumenta, ii. 52.
  6. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1654, p. 53.
  7. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1655-6, pp. 79, &c.
  8. ^ Wright 2009.
  9. ^ Hardy 1891, p. 254 cites: Notes and Queries, 4th ser. vi. 499.

References[edit]

Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHardy, William John (1891). "Hungerford, Anthony (d.1657)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 254. ; Endnotes:
    • Notes supplied by C. H. Firth, esq.;
    • Visitation of Oxfordshire, 1634 (Harl. Soc.),pp. 258–9 ;
    • Le Neve's Pedigrees of Knights (Harl. Soc.);
    • Hoare's Hungerfordiana, 1823;
    • the two Hungerfords' manuscript petitions in Public Record Office;
    • Cal. of Committee for Advance of Money, 679, 771, 777, 778;
    • Carlyle's Cromwell, iii. 211;
    • Collinson's Somerset.