Anthony Overton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anthony Overton
Born (1865-03-21)March 21, 1865
Died July 2, 1946(1946-07-02) (aged 81)

Anthony Overton (March 21, 1865 – July 2, 1946), a banker and manufacturer, was the first African American to lead a major business conglomerate.[1] In 1898 he established Hygienic Manufacturing Company and produced a number of goods, including the nationally known High Brown Face Powder, which was "the first market success in the sale of cosmetics for black women".[2] In 1923 he established the Douglass National Bank, the second nationally chartered black-owned bank in the United States.[3] He went on to develop a highly diverse conglomerate, including the Great Northern Realty Company, the Chicago Bee, and the Victory Life Insurance Company. In 1927 The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) awarded him its Spingarn Medal for outstanding achievement by an African American. That same year, he was also given the prestigious Harmon award's first award and Gold medal in Business. He was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Harvard Business School. American Business Leaders of the Twentieth Century: Anthony Overton
  2. ^ Walker, p. 7.
  3. ^ Lash, p. 189.
  4. ^ Journal of Negro History, p. 394.


  • "Anthony Overton". The Journal of Negro History (July 1947), Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 394–396.
  • Lash, Nicholas A. (2005), "Black-owned banks: A survey of the issues", Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 187–202.
  • "Anthony Overton: Born Entrepreneur"
  • Walker, Juliet E. K. (2010). "African American Women Business Enterprises: Since the Civil War to Civil Rights, 1865–1964". The Herstorian Newsletter, Volume 3, Issue 2.