|Birth name||Anthony Edwin Phillips|
|Also known as|
|Born||23 December 1951|
|Genres||Progressive rock, folk rock, neo-classical, electronic|
Anthony Edwin Phillips (born 23 December 1951) is an English musician, songwriter, producer and singer who gained prominence as the original lead guitarist of the rock band Genesis, from 1967 to 1970. He left in July 1970 and learned to play more instruments, before he began a solo career. His departure from Genesis on the eve of the group's breakthrough to mainstream popularity has led him to be popularly dubbed "the Pete Best of progressive rock" (though unlike Best, Phillips left voluntarily).
Phillips released his first solo album, The Geese & the Ghost, in 1977. He continues to release solo material, including further solo albums, television and film music, collaborations with several artists, and compilation albums of his recordings.
Phillips was born on 23 December 1951 in Chiswick, England. He attended a preparatory school, during which he formed a group and took part in a performance of "My Old Man's a Dustman" in the school hut as the singer, but forgot the words during it and was kicked out. This led to his decision to learn the guitar. He learned enough to perform lead guitar to a rendition of "Foot Tapper" by The Shadows in the school lounge. The Shadows were a major influence for Phillips in terms of acoustic guitar. At thirteen Phillips acquired a Stratocaster and wrote the basis of his first song, "Patricia", named after the first girl he liked. Part of the song was recorded later by Genesis on "In Hiding". He was not entirely a self-taught guitar player; he received some tuition in rudimentary chords from classical guitarist David Channon, who became a big source of inspiration for Phillips, and used sheet music to songs by The Beatles that his mother would send him. Phillips then picked up more chord knowledge, and learned to copy "reasonably well". As a teenager, Phillips briefly lived in the United States.
In April 1965, Phillips attended Charterhouse, an independent school in Godalming, Surrey. In the following month, he formed a band with fellow pupils Rivers Jobe, Richard Macphail, Mike Rutherford, and Rob Tyrell, naming themselves Anon. They based their sets on songs by The Beatles and The Rolling Stones and recorded one demo, Phillips's song "Pennsylvania Flickhouse". The group disbanded in December 1966.
1967–1974: Genesis and hiatus
In January 1967, after Anon had split up, Phillips and Rutherford became a songwriting unit and started recording several demos. They invited Charterhouse pupil Tony Banks, a member of Garden Wall, another disbanded school group, to play keyboards. Banks agreed, and suggested involving his Garden Wall bandmates, singer Peter Gabriel and drummer Chris Stewart. After the five made a demo tape, it was given to Jonathan King, who signed them to his publishing company and had them record some singles. He named the group Genesis, and suggested they record a studio album which became From Genesis to Revelation. Phillips was particularly angry when King added string arrangements to their songs without their knowledge.
In September 1969, the 17-year-old Phillips chose not to pursue a university degree and instead reunite with Gabriel, Banks and Rutherford after they had decided to become a full-time band. However, early in 1970 the constant touring had become wearing on Phillips partly due to the lack of scope for solos in the band's set and the shortage of time to develop new material. To further complicate matters he had developed stage fright which got progressively worse as time went on, and battled with it for three months thinking it was a passing phase. After falling ill with bronchial pneumonia, Phillips was advised by his doctor to quit the band.
In June 1970, Phillips had recovered enough to reunite with his bandmates and record their second album, Trespass. Despite his various problems at the time Phillips enjoyed the recording sessions. After recording finished in July the band resumed touring, though early into the tour Phillips announced his decision to leave. His final gig took place at Haywards Heath on 18 July. Banks and Rutherford later said that the group seriously considered disbanding altogether in the wake of Phillips's departure. Nursery Cryme, the next Genesis album, opens with "The Musical Box" which is based on a piece written by Phillips and Rutherford originally titled "F#" (pronounced "F Sharp").
After leaving Genesis, Phillips lacked a solid direction. He recalled listening to Jean Sibelius around the time of his departure and recognised his musical ability was "terribly limited", which encouraged him to become a more proficient musician. In 1974, he became a qualified music teacher and gave lessons to students. By 1977, he was playing classical guitar and piano, and studied orchestration.
1974–present: Solo career
After leaving Genesis, Phillips studied classical music (especially classical guitar) and made recordings in collaboration with Harry Williamson, Mike Rutherford and Phil Collins, among others. His first solo album, The Geese & the Ghost, was issued in 1977.
Following the commercial failure of The Geese & the Ghost, Phillips was pushed in a pop direction by his record labels. They released his second album, Wise After the Event, in 1978. This was followed the next year by Sides. Both of these albums were produced by Rupert Hine and were intended to reach a mainstream audience, though neither album was successful in that regard.
In its initial release in the UK, Sides was accompanied by a more experimental album entitled Private Parts & Pieces; in the US and Canada the two albums were issued separately. Private Parts & Pieces II: Back to the Pavilion followed the next year, and several further sequels were issued in the 1980s and 1990s. According to Phillips, the series "arose partly out of poverty. I was just getting by, library music was just getting going. I had to issue a collection of twelve-string or solo-piano stuff to boost my income."
Phillips released a mainstream pop album entitled Invisible Men in 1983. He later claimed that this project went "horribly wrong" as a result of commercial pressures, and would subsequently eschew mainstream success in favour of more specialised material. He co-wrote "Tears on the Ballroom Floor" for I Hear Talk by Bucks Fizz.
Since leaving Genesis, Phillips has remained involved in a variety of musical projects, including soundtrack work in England, often for the label Atmosphere, part of the Universal Music Group. In 1988 he recorded an album with Harry Williamson called Tarka. The album's cover featured a picture of a woman and did not credit Phillips or Williamson, which led to it often being filed under "female vocalist" in record shops. In the mid-1990s, he released an album entitled The Living Room Concert, which featured solo acoustic versions of his earlier material. He also provided archival material for the first Genesis box set, Genesis Archive 1967–75, released in 1998.
Several of his albums feature artwork by Peter Cross.
In 2008, the first Anthony Phillips biography, The Exile, by journalist Mario Giammetti, was published in Italy (Edizioni Segno). Harvest of the Heart, a 5-CD Box Set chronicling Phillips' solo career and collaborations, was released in 2014.
- From Genesis to Revelation (1969)
- Trespass (1970)
- Genesis Archive 1967–75 (1998)
- Genesis 1970–1975 (2008)
- R-Kive (2015)
- The Geese & the Ghost (1977)
- Wise After the Event (1978)
- Private Parts & Pieces (1978)
- Sides (1979)
- Private Parts & Pieces II: Back to the Pavilion (1980)
- 1984 (1981)
- Private Parts & Pieces III: Antiques (1982, with Enrique Berro Garcia)
- Invisible Men (1983, with Richard Scott)
- Private Parts & Pieces IV: A Catch at the Tables (1984)
- Private Parts & Pieces V: Twelve (1985)
- Private Parts & Pieces VI: Ivory Moon (1986)
- Private Parts & Pieces VII: Slow Waves, Soft Stars (1987)
- Tarka (1988, with Harry Williamson)
- Missing Links Volume One: Finger Painting (1989)
- Slow Dance (1990)
- Private Parts & Pieces VIII: New England (1992)
- Sail the World (1994)
- Missing Links Volume Two: The Sky Road (1994)
- Gypsy Suite (1995, with Harry Williamson)
- The Living Room Concert (1995)
- The Meadows of Englewood (1996, with Guillermo Cazenave)
- Private Parts & Pieces IX: Dragonfly Dreams (1996, with Enrique Berro Garcia)
- Missing Links Volume 3: Time and Tide (1997, with Joji Hirota)
- Live Radio Sessions (1998, with Guillermo Cazenave)
- Private Parts & Pieces X: Soirée (1999)
- Radio Clyde (2003, recorded in 1978)
- Field Day (2005)
- Wildlife (2007, with Joji Hirota)
- Missing Links Volume IV: Pathways & Promenades (2009)
- Ahead of the Field: Music for TV and Film (2010)
- Seventh Heaven (2012, with Andrew Skeet)
- Private Parts & Pieces XI: City of Dreams (2012)
- Strings of Light (2019)
- Harvest of the Heart (1985)
- Anthology (1995)
- Legend (1997, released in Argentina only)
- Archive Collection Volume I (1998)
- Legend (1999, different release from above)
- Soft Vivace (2002)
- Soundscapes (2003)
- Archive Collection Volume II (2004)
- Harvest of the Heart: An Anthology (2014)
- Private Parts & Pieces I – IV (2015)
- Private Parts & Pieces V – VIII (2016)
- Private Parts & Pieces IX – XI (2018)
- Missing Links I – IV (2020)
- Archive Collection Volume I & Volume II (2022)
- Intergalactic Touring Band – Intergalactic Touring Band (1977)
- Mike Rutherford – Smallcreep's Day (1980)
- Camel – The Single Factor (1982)
- Iva Twydell – Duel (1982)
- Asha (Denis Quinn) – Open Secret (1987)
- Asha (Denis Quinn) – Mystic Heart (1989)
- Asha (Denis Quinn) – Amadora (1991)
- David Thomas & Ronnie Gunn – The Giants Dance (1996)
- Various Artists – Sport + Leisure (1996)
- Mother Gong – Battle of the Birds (2004)
- ProgAID – All Around the World (2004)
- Robert Foster – Guitar Sketches (2006)
- Steve Hackett – Out of the Tunnel's Mouth (2009)
- Various Artists – Factual Underscores 2 (2012)
- Various Artists – The Summer Soundtrack (2013)
- Al Lethbridge – Inspiring Worlds (2014)
- Various Artists – Children's Party Themes-Halloween (2014)
- John Hackett – Another Life (2015)
- Various Artists – My Love Will Get You Home (2015)
- Ellesmere – "Les Chateaux de la Loire" (2015)
- The Gift – Why the Sea is Salt (2016)
- Anna Madsen – Efflorescence (2016)
- Various Artists – Science and Technology (2017)
- Various Artists – Harmony for Elephants (2018)
- Anon – Pennsylvania Flickhouse (2019)
- Algebra – Deconstructing Classics (2019)
- Eder, Bruce. "Biography: Anthony Phillips". Allmusic. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
- Stump, Paul (1997). The Music's All that Matters: A History of Progressive Rock. Quartet Books Limited. pp. 308–316. ISBN 0-7043-8036-6.
- Cherry Red Interview 2014, 03:36–04:16.
- Cherry Red Interview 2014, 04:23–04:50.
- Negrin, Dave (22 May 2008). "Taking tn the Wildlife: An Interview with Anthony Phillips". World of Genesis. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- Cherry Red Interview 2014, 05:22–06:54.
- "The Geese and The Ghost Press Kit". Passport Records. 1977. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- Frame 1983, p. 23.
- Cherry Red Interview 2014, 34:06–37:37.
- Hedges, Dan (26 March 1977). "It's that candour moment..." Sounds. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- "ANTHONY PHILLIPS discography and reviews". Progarchives.com. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
- "Interview: Anthony Phillips (solo, Genesis)". Hit-channel.com. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
- Parkyn, Geoff (Winter 1984–1985). "News contd. Page I". Genesis Information. No. 34. pp. 14, 15. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- Bowler, Dave; Dray, Bryan (1992). Genesis: A Biography. Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd. ISBN 978-0-283-06132-5.
- Frame, Pete (1983). The Complete Rock Family Trees. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-0465-1.
- Powell, Mark (2014). Interviews – Anthony Phillips 2. Cherry Red TV. Retrieved 23 April 2018.