The Cimahi-born shuttler of Karo descent was introduced to badminton by his father when he was in kindergarten. He is the fourth of five siblings. When he was young, he joined the PB SGS PLN, a badminton club in Bandung, West Java. He only started to take part in tournaments at around 9 years old, or two years after he was scouted. Ginting idolizes Taufik Hidayat, the 2004 Athens Olympic men's singles gold medallist who coincidentally came from the same badminton club.
Ginting participated at the Indonesian Masters Grand Prix Gold, Vietnam International Challenge, Maldives International Challenge, Malaysia International Challenge and Asia Junior Championships in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
Joining the national training camp early year, Ginting began to show his worth with stepping up to cruise into 2014 Asia Junior Championships quarterfinals in Taipei, Chinese Taipei on February. In the quarterfinals, he was halted with a 13–21, 15–21 loss to Kanta Tsuneyama of Japan.
Ginting then participated at the 2014 BWF World Junior Championships in Alor Setar, Malaysia where he won a boys' singles bronze medal after bowed out in the semifinal to Shi Yuqi of China for 19–21, 15–21. He also competed at the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics in Nanjing, China and brought home a bronze medal after beating Aditya Joshi of India in the bronze-final match with a straight games 21–17, 21–16. In addition to competing in some international challenge tournaments, he also played in the BWF Grand Prix tournaments such as Chinese Taipei Open, Vietnam Open and Indonesian Masters.
Starting his journey as a rookie in the BWF Superseries event from the qualifying stage, Ginting moved into the quarterfinals after creating an upset with a rubber games 14–21, 22–20, 21–13 win over India's top shuttler and fourth seed Srikanth Kidambi in the second round of the 2015 BCA Indonesia Open Superseries Premier. His Indonesia Open campaign was eventually halted after losing to the eighth seed and 2012 BWF World Junior champion Kento Momota of Japan in quarterfinals with a rubber games 21–13, 16–21, 15–21. Ginting was part of the Indonesian men's team that won a gold medal at the 28th Southeast Asian Games 2015 in Singapore after beating Thailand men's team 3–2 in the final.
Participating in the 2015 Chinese Taipei Open Grand Prix Gold as an unheralded shuttler, Ginting reached the quarterfinals after defeating twelfth-seeded fellow Indonesian Dionysius Hayom Rumbaka with a straight sets 21–16, 21–14 in the third round of the tournament. In the first round, he surprisingly upset the eighth seed and 2009 BWF World Junior champion Tian Houwei of China with a stunning 21–13, 21–14 victory. He then lost to the defending champion, former world No. 1 and two-time Olympic gold medalist Lin Dan of China with a straight games 7–21, 20–22 in the quarterfinals.
The BWF World Tour, announced on 19 March 2017 and implemented in 2018, is a series of elite badminton tournaments, sanctioned by Badminton World Federation (BWF). The BWF World Tour are divided into six levels, namely World Tour Finals, Super 1000, Super 750, Super 500, Super 300 (part of the HSBC World Tour), and the BWF Tour Super 100.
The BWF Superseries, launched on 14 December 2006 and implemented in 2007, was a series of elite badminton tournaments, sanctioned by the Badminton World Federation (BWF). BWF Superseries had two levels: Superseries and Superseries Premier. A season of Superseries features twelve tournaments around the world, introduced in 2007, with successful players invited to the BWF Superseries Finals held at the year's end.