Anthony Walton White
|Anthony Walton White|
July 7, 1750|
New Brunswick, New Jersey
|Died||February 10, 1803
New Brunswick, New Jersey
(m. 1783; his death 1803)
|Children||Eliza Mary White|
|Relatives||Lewis Morris (grandfather)
William Paterson (brother-in-law)
Walton Evans (grandson)
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War|
Anthony Walton White (July 7, 1750 – February 10, 1803) was a Brigadier General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War who had previously served as an aide-de-camp to General George Washington.
He was born on July 7, 1750 to Elizabeth Morris (1712–c. 1784) and Anthony White III (1717–1787) in New Brunswick, New Jersey. His paternal great-grandfather, Anthony White I, was a royalist who, after the execution of Charles I, emigrated to Bermuda and became connected with the government of the islands of which his son, Anthony White II, and grandson, Leonard White, were chief justices.
White's father, Anthony White III, moved to the United States from Bermuda and married Elizabeth Morris, the daughter of Governor Lewis Morris (1671–1746), a Governor of New Jersey. His elder sister, Euphemia White (1746–1832), was the second wife of William Paterson (1745–1806). White received his education under the immediate direction of his father.
At the age of twenty-five, his time was employed in study and in assisting his father in the management of his large estates.
In October 1775, he obtained a commission as major and aide-de-camp to General George Washington. On February 9, 1776, White was commissioned by the Continental Congress as the lieutenant colonel of the 3rd New Jersey Regiment. He was actively engaged in the service in the North until 1780, being successively appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the 4th Continental Light Dragoons in the Continental army, February 13, 1777, lieutenant colonel commandant of the 1st Continental Light Dragoons, December 10, 1779, and colonel, February 16, 1780. At that time, he was ordered by General Washington to take command of all the cavalry in the southern army, and, upon his own personal credit, equipped two regiments with which to operate against Lord Cornwallis in South Carolina.
On May 6, 1780, with the remnant of Major Benjamin Huger's cavalry, he crossed the Santee River and captured a small party of British, but while waiting at Lanneau's Ferry to recross the river, he was surprised and defeated by Col. Banastre Tarleton. White and many of his troops were taken prisoner. In 1781 he was ordered to join the army under Lafayette in Virginia, and on his march to that state had several successful encounters with Colonel Tarleton.
On May 21, 1782, White was present with General Anthony Wayne in the movement before Savannah; and, on the evacuation of that place, returned to Charleston, South Carolina, where he became security for the debts of the officers and men of his regiments, who were in want of almost all the necessaries of life. These debts he was subsequently obliged to pay at enormous sacrifices of his own property, and, on returning to the North at the close of the war, his financial ruin was completed by entering into speculation at the persuasion of military friends.
In 1793, White moved from New York, where he had resided for about ten years, back to New Brunswick, New Jersey. In 1794, he was appointed by President Washington as a brigadier general of cavalry in the expedition against the insurgents of the Whiskey Rebellion, serving under General Henry Lee.
In 1783, he married Margaret Ellis (c. 1768–1850). Together, they had a daughter:
- Eliza Mary White (1794–1861), who married Thomas M. Evans (1790–1820).
- "Anthony Walton White (1750–1803), Cavalry officer". The New Jersey Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
- Lefferts, Elizabeth Morris, comp., Descendants of Lewis Morris of Morrisania (New York: Tobias A. Wright, 1907)
- Marcus, Maeva (1985). The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1800. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231088695. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- Biographical Records of The Officers and Graduates of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Abbatt, William (1905). The Magazine of History with Notes and Queries, Volume 1.
New York: William Abbatt. p. 407., E'book
- Honeyman, A. Van Doren (1918). Somerset County Historical Quarterly, Volume 7.
Somerset, New Jersey: Somerset County Historical Society. p. 334., E'book
- Woodhull, Anna W. (1882). Memoir of Brigadier-General Anthony Walton White, Book
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1891). "article name needed". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.