Anthracosuchus

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Anthracosuchus
Temporal range: Mid-Late Paleocene (Peligran-Itaboraian)
~60–58 Ma
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Family: Dyrosauridae
Genus: Anthracosuchus
Hastings et al., 2014
Type species
A. balrogus
Hastings et al., 2014

Anthracosuchus (meaning "coal crocodile" in Greek) is an extinct genus of dyrosaurid crocodyliform from the Paleocene of Colombia. Remains of Anthracosuchus balrogus, the only known species, come from the Cerrejón Formation in the Cerrejón mine,[1] and include four fossil specimens with partial skulls. Anthracosuchus differs from other dyrosaurids in having an extremely short (brevirostrine) snout, widely spaced eye sockets with bony protuberances around them, and osteoderms that are smooth and thick. It is one of the most basal dyrosaurids along with Chenanisuchus and Cerrejonisuchus. The species name is a reference to the Balrog, a creature in J. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy novel The Lord of the Rings that could, like the remains of Anthracosuchus, be found in a mine.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anthracosuchus balrogus at Fossilworks.org
  2. ^ Hastings, Alexander K.; Bloch, Jonathan I.; Jaramillo, Carlos A. (23 May 2014). "A new blunt-snouted dyrosaurid, Anthracosuchus balrogus gen. et sp. nov. (Crocodylomorpha, Mesoeucrocodylia), from the Palaeocene of Colombia". Historical Biology: 1. doi:10.1080/08912963.2014.918968.