Anthropophony

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The term, anthropophony, consists of the Greek prefix, anthropo, meaning human, and the suffix, phon, meaning sound. The term refers to all sound produced by humans, whether coherent, such as music, theatre, and language, or incoherent and chaotic such as random signals generated primarily by electromechanical means.[1][2]

The term was first used to describe certain soundscape phenomena recorded as part of a bioacoustic study in 2001–2002 commissioned by the National Park Service, and done in Sequoia/King's Canyon National Park. Anthropophony is one of three terms used by Drs. Stuart Gage and Bernie Krause to define the general sources of human sounds/noise that occur within a soundscape. The other two non-human, but natural sound sources include biophony and geophony.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Voices of the Wild: Animal Songs, Human Din, and the Call to Save Natural Soundscapes" Krause 2015, Yale University Press
  2. ^ Joe Ferguson, Collaboration: Biophony, an Evolutionary Collaboration, SciArt in America, p. 36–42, June, 2015
  3. ^ Bernie Krause, "Anatomy of the Soundscape," Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, vol. 56, no. 1/2, January–February 2008
  4. ^ "The Great Animal Orchestra: Finding the Origins of Music in the World's Wild Places," Krause 2012, Little Brown
  • Hull J. "The Noises of Nature". Idea Lab. New York Times Magazine, 18 February 2008. 
  • Krause B (January–February 2008). "Anatomy of the Soundscape". Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. 56 (1/2). 
  • Bryan C. Pijanowski, Luis J. Villanueva-Rivera, Sarah L. Dumyahn, Almo Farina, Bernie L. Krause, Brian M. Napoletano, Stuart H. Gage, and Nadia Pieretti,Soundscape Ecology: The Science of Sound in the Landscape, BioScience, March, 2011, vol. 61 no. 3, 203–216
  • Bernie Krause, Stuart H. Gage, Wooyeong Joo, Measuring and interpreting the temporal variability in the soundscape at four places in Sequoia National Park, Landscape Ecology, DOI 10.1007/s10980-011-9639-6, August 2011