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For sexual anthropophilia in animals, see Imprinting (psychology)#Sexual imprinting.

In parasitology, anthropophilia, from the Greek ἅνθρωπος (anthrōpos, "human being") and φιλία (philia, "friendship" or "love"), is a preference of a parasite or dermatophyte for humans over other animals.[1][2] The related term endophilia refers specifically to a preference for being in human habitats, especially inside dwellings.[3] The term zoophilia, in this context, describes animals which prefer non-human animals for nourishment.[4]

Most usage of the term anthropophilia refers to hematophagous insects (see Anopheles) that prefer human blood[5] over animal blood (zoophily, but see other meanings of zoophily). Examples other than haematophagy include geckoes that live close to humans,[6] pied crows (Corvus albus),[7] cockroaches, and many others. In the study of malaria and its disease vectors, researchers make the distinction between anthropophilic mosquitoes and other types as part of disease eradiction efforts.[8]

Anthropic organisms are organisms that show anthropophily, where the adjective synanthropic refers to organisms that live close to human settlements and houses,[9] and eusynathropic to those that live within human housing.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Braun-Falco, Otto (2000). Dermatology Springer, ISBN 9783540594529
  2. ^ Mouchet, Jean; Carnevale, Pierre; Manguin, Sylvie (2008). Biodiversity of Malaria in the World. John Libbey Eurotext, ISBN 9782742006168
  3. ^ Dronamraju, Krishna R.; Arese, Paolo (2005). Malaria: Genetic and Evolutionary Aspects. Birkhäuser , ISBN 9780387282947
  4. ^ Apiwathnasorn, C.; Sucharit, S.; Surathin, K.; Deesin, T. (1993). "Anthropophilic and zoophilic phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) from Thailand". Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 9 (2): 135–137. PMID 8350067. 
  5. ^ Maggenti, A.R. & Gardner, S. 2005. Online Dictionary of Invertebrate Zoology.
  6. ^ Ineich, I. 1992. Parthenogenesis in the Gekkonidae (Reptilia, Lacertilia): Origin and evolution. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr.-Evol. Zool. 117(3), 253-266.
  7. ^ LeCorre, M. & Jouventin, P. 1997. Ecological significance and conservation priorities of Europa Island (western Indian Ocean), with special reference to seabirds. Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 52(3), 205-220.
  8. ^ Robert, V.; Le Goff, G.; Toto, J. C.; Mulder, L.; Fondjo, E.; Manga, L.; Carnevale, P. (1993). "Anthropophilic mosquitoes and malaria transmission at Edea, Cameroon". Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 44 (1): 14–18. PMID 8100084. 
  9. ^ a b Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. 1998. A dictionary of ecology, evolution, and systematics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York.