Solidarity–People Before Profit

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Solidarity–People Before Profit
Dlúthphartíocht–Pobal Roimh Bhrabús[1]
Abbreviation S–PBP
Leader Collective Leadership
Founded 2015 (2015)
Ideology Democratic socialism
Political radicalism
Anti-capitalism
Eco-socialism
Trotskyism[2]
Euroscepticism
Feminism
Socialism[2]
Political position Left-wing to far-left
European affiliation European Anti-Capitalist Left
Members Solidarity
People Before Profit
Dáil Éireann
6 / 158
[3]
Seanad Éireann
0 / 60
Local Government
28 / 949
[3]
European Parliament
0 / 11
Website
www.solidarity.ie
www.pbp.ie

Solidarity–People Before Profit is an electoral alliance in Ireland. It was formed by members of two far-left socialist political parties: Solidarity and People Before Profit (PBP).[4] Solidarity was known as the "Anti-Austerity Alliance" (AAA) until 2017.[5] The alliance was formed in 2015 and replaced AAA and PBP in Ireland's official register of political parties.[6] However, each entity retains its separate organisation and identity. PBP also retains its own registration in Northern Ireland. The alliance was created with the intent to obtain more speaking rights for its constituent members in Dáil Éireann after the 2016 Irish general election.[7]

Background[edit]

Under the standing orders in Dáil Éireann, a parliamentary group must have five TDs or more in order to have full speaking rights. In addition, political parties which get 2% or more of the national vote receive extra funding from the state for political activities. Combining the seats and votes of the two parties would increase the chance of reaching these thresholds.

The electoral alliance sought to provide a greater socialist voice in parliament, and a political platform committed to abolishing water charges, Universal Social Charge for low-middle income earners, and other austerity measures implemented in Ireland. The alliance claims to represent the 57% of people who boycotted the payment of water charges, and claims to provide a genuine working class voice in parliament.[8] The alliance has been described as a "remarkable abeyance of decades-old sectarian conflict between the Socialist Workers Party underlying PBP and the Socialist Party underlying AAA."[9]

AAA de-registered as a party, while PBP changed its registered name to AAA–PBP and added AAA members to the renamed party's list of nominated representatives.[10] This technical distinction caused a legal question regarding the co-option of a member of Cork City Council to replace AAA member Mick Barry after Barry's election to the Dáil in the 2016 election.[10] It was argued that, since the party for whom Barry was elected in 2014 was no longer registered, the party he represented when vacating his council seat in 2016 did not have the right to nominate a replacement.[10]

Organisation[edit]

Solidarity and People Before Profit announced its intention to organise separately and to remain free to maintain different political positions on various issues, but intend to cooperate electorally while maintaining their own identities and structures.[11]

The six Solidarity–PBP TDs are:

Name Constituency
Mick Barry Cork North-Central
Richard Boyd Barrett Dún Laoghaire
Ruth Coppinger Dublin West
Gino Kenny Dublin Mid-West
Paul Murphy Dublin South-West
Bríd Smith Dublin South-Central

Solidarity–PBP also has 28 local councillors.

Electoral history[edit]

Ahead of 2016 general election there were four alliance TDs: Joe Higgins, Richard Boyd Barrett, Ruth Coppinger and Paul Murphy. Higgins retired with the dissolution of the 31st Dáil, while the other three continued. Boyd Barrett was first elected to the Dáil at the 2011 general election, while Coppinger and Murphy were both elected at by-elections, in May and October 2014 respectively.

Solidarity–PBP ran a combined 31 candidates at the 2016 general election.[12] On 25 January 2016, the group launched a set of "common principles".[12] During the press conference, the parties announced their intention to release separate manifestos ahead of the following general election.

Election Seats won ± Position First Pref votes % Government
2016
6 / 158
Increase2 Steady5th 84,168 3.9% Opposition

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.oireachtas.ie/parliament/media/housesoftheoireachtas/libraryresearch/2016election/ElectionResultsInfographic_104924.pdf
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Ireland". Parties and Elections in Europe. 
  3. ^ a b Includes Solidarity, Socialist Party and People Before Profit
  4. ^ http://www.oireachtas.ie/parliament/media/main/documentation/[Untitled].pdf
  5. ^ "AAA set to change name to Solidarity". RTÉ.ie. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017. The party says the left-wing Dáil grouping currently known as the AAA-PBP will become known as the Solidarity - People Before Profit. 
  6. ^ Register of Political Parties 16 October 2015, accessed 15 November 2015
  7. ^ "Anti Austerity Alliance and People before Profit to launch new party". The Irish Times. 16 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Statement on the Anti Austerity Alliance-People Before Profit initiative". Anti-Austerity Alliance. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Elitist far-left has gained traction but its fascism is affront to democracy". 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2018-06-13. 
  10. ^ a b c English, Eoin (30 March 2016). "AAA bid to replace councillor deferred". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  11. ^ McGee, Harry (9 October 2015). "People Before Profit and the Anti Austerity Alliance – spot the difference". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  12. ^ a b "AAA-PBP launch 'common principles'". 25 January 2016. 

External links[edit]