Anti-Corruption Foundation

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The Anti-Corruption Foundation
Фонд борьбы с коррупцией
Логотип ФБК
AbbreviationФБК, FBK
Formation9 September 2011
DissolvedJuly 2020
TypeNGO
Legal statusNon-commercial foundation (Article 7, NCO Law of Russia)
PurposeFighting corruption in Russia
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Director
Ivan Zhdanov [ru]
Staff
30
Websitefbk.info/english/about/

The Anti-Corruption Foundation (Russian: Фонд борьбы с коррупцией Fond Borby s Korruptsiyey, abbr. ФБК, FBK, literally Fighting Corruption Foundation) was a Russian nonprofit organization based in Moscow established in 2011 by activist and politician Alexei Navalny. Its main goal is to investigate and to expose corruption cases among high-ranking Russian government officials,[1] and it has accused the government of retaliating against it and its members several times for its investigations. Its distinguishing feature is that it is funded by private donations from Russian citizens. Among other activities, the foundation publishes movies on YouTube about corruption of Russian officials, such as Chaika and He Is Not Dimon to You. The organisation is currently in liquidation following being ordered by a Russian court to pay ₽29.2 million to a company for "lost profits and damage to reputation" following an investigation into mass food poisoning of schoolchildren in Moscow.

Mission[edit]

FBK carries out investigations into corruption by Russian authorities. They are taking measures to prevent stealing of budget money. FBK also helps people make sure that authorities work correctly to provide normal conditions in the field of utilities sector, transport, roadways, elections, etc.

Budget[edit]

FBK is funded by money transfers from its supporters; mostly these are donations from ordinary people.[2] In 2014 the budget was 28.5 million rubles;[3] in 2016, it was ₽45 million.[4]

Management[edit]

Position Name
Founder of FBK Alexey Navalny
Director of FBK Ivan Zhdanov [ru]
Executive manager Vladimir Ashurkov
Press secretary Kira Yarmysh
Creative director Varvara Mikhaylova
"Navalny Live" YouTube channel producer Lyubov Sobol
Anti-corruption project "RosPil" Alexander Golovach, Valery Zolotukhin
Anti-corruption project "RosYama" Anatoly Kravchenko
Responsible for investigations Georgy Alburov, Nikita Kulachenkov

[5]

Media[edit]

FBK created its own media, 'Leviathan', in order to have a possibility to register for press conferences of Vladimir Putin and make a request to authorities. Since 2016 it has been publishing one news item per day.[6] The name 'Leviathan' was taken from Leviathan, 2014 award-winning film by Andrey Zvyagintsev.

Films[edit]

FBK has made the following films:

Important investigations[edit]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

Volunteers and employees of the Anti-corruption Foundation arrested on 26 March 2017

2018[edit]

2019[edit]

  • Corruption of Andrey Metelsky, the deputy of the Moscow City Duma
  • Corruption of Lyudmila Stebenkova, the deputy of the Moscow City Duma
  • Corruption of Stepan Orlov, the deputy of the Moscow City Duma
  • Corruption of Kirill Shchitov, the deputy of the Moscow City Duma
  • Corruption of Alexei Shaposhnikov, the chairman of the Moscow City Duma
  • Corruption of Vladimir Platonov, the former chairman of the Moscow City Duma
  • Corruption of Natalya Sergunina, the vice-mayor of Moscow
  • Corruption of Alexander Gorbenko, the vice-mayor of Moscow
  • Corruption of Pyotr Biryukov, the vice-mayor of Moscow
  • Corruption of Valentin Gorbunov, the head of the MCEC
  • Corruption of Boris Ebzeev, the member of the CEC
  • Corruption of Nikolay Bulaev, the vice-chairman of the CEC
  • Corruption of Anton Siluanov, Russian Minister of Finance

Criminal case and a "foreign agent" status[edit]

On August 3, the ICR opened a criminal case against the FBK, accusing them of laundering ₽1 billion (~US$15.5 mln).[7] Later the amount was reduced to ₽75 million (~US$1.15 mln).[8]

On September 5 searches were conducted at the FBK office and at the "Navalny LIVE" studio.[9]

Soon after the 2019 Moscow City Duma election, on September 12 the ICR carried out mass raids on the FBK regional offices in 40 Russian cities.[10][11]

In September various state-owned companies filed lawsuits against FBK for "organizing riots", and the courts partially satisfied them in the amount of ₽5 million (~US$78 000).[12]

On October 8, the police filed lawsuit against FBK for "costs of maintaining order during rallies" in the amount of ₽18 million (~US280 000).[13]

On October 9, the FBK was declared a "foreign agent" by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation.[14][15]

On October 15, the ICR again carried out mass raids on the FBK regional offices in 30 Russian cities.[16][17]

Change of legal entity and dissolution[edit]

In February 2019, FBK published an investigation that reported that in December 2018, mass food poisoning of children occurred in kindergartens and schools in Moscow. FBK blamed Concord Food Plant LLC, Moskovskiy Shkolnik LLC and VITO-1 LLC for this, which he linked with Yevgeny Prigozhin. Subsequently, Moscow schools No. 760 and No. 1554 assessed fines against Moskovskiy Shkolnik due to the supply of low-quality food.

In April 2019, Moskovskiy Shkolnik filed a lawsuit against FBK, Navalny, FBK lawyer Lyubov Sobol, who was in charge of the investigation, and its former employee Natalya Shilova, who was involved in the investigation.

In October 2019, the Moscow Arbitration Court ordered Navalny to pay 29.2 million rubles as compensation for lost profits and damage to professional reputation. The court ordered Lyubov Sobol and FBK to pay the same amount. The Court of Appeal upheld this decision.

In July 2020, Navalny said that he saw no reason to raise money to pay the "huge amount". He announced that the FBK would be liquidated, and that he and Sobol "until the end of Putin's power" would have to live with blocked accounts and bailiffs seizing any of their property in favor of "Putin's chef". Navalny said that he intended to revive the FBK shortly after as another legal entity.[18][19][20][21][22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About FBK".
  2. ^ Зотова, Наталия (September 11, 2020). "Без Навального: как ФБК работает без своего лидера" [Without Navalny: how FBK works without its leader]. Би-би-си (in Russian). Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  3. ^ "Annual report of FBK-2014".
  4. ^ "Annual report of FBK-2016" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Фонд борьбы с коррупцией". сайт ФБК (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  6. ^ "Leviathan media".
  7. ^ "СК возбудил дело об отмывании ФБК Навального 1 млрд руб". РБК. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  8. ^ Ведомости (2019-10-10). "Признание ФБК иностранным агентом призвано затруднить его участие в политике". www.vedomosti.ru. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  9. ^ "Силовики в ФБК, в офисе "Навальный Live" и в московском штабе политика". Медиазона. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  10. ^ "Суд разрешил провести еще 47 обысков по делу ФБК". www.kommersant.ru (in Russian). 2019-09-17. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  11. ^ Bennetts, Marc (2019-09-12). "Russian police carry out mass raids against opposition activists". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  12. ^ Ведомости (2019-10-16). "Суд вернул компании по аренде автомобилей иск к ФБК на 1 млрд рублей". www.vedomosti.ru. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  13. ^ "Полиция Москвы решила отсудить у оппозиции 18 млн рублей". Interfax.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  14. ^ Ведомости (2019-10-10). "Признание ФБК иностранным агентом призвано затруднить его участие в политике". www.vedomosti.ru. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  15. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Russia brands opposition leader Navalny anti-corruption group a 'foreign agent' | DW | 09.10.2019". DW.COM. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  16. ^ "СКР сообщил об обысках по делу ФБК в 30 городах". Interfax.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  17. ^ Walker, Shaun (2019-10-15). "Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny condemns mass raids". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  18. ^ Московская школа выиграла иск на 1,5 млн рублей из-за поставок некачественной еды
  19. ^ Иск подают холодным
  20. ^ Фонд борьбы с коррупцией ликвидируется из-за долга по иску «Московского школьника»
  21. ^ Навальный сообщил о взыскании ₽88 млн в пользу «Московского школьника»
  22. ^ Навальный объявил о закрытии ФБК. Вместо фонда создадут новую организацию

External links[edit]