Anti-Narcotics Force

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Anti Narcotics Force
انسداد منشیات پولیس
Anf logo.jpg
Seal of the Anti Narcotics Force Pakistan
Active 21 February 1995–present
Country  Pakistan
Type Paramilitary
Role To carry out Raids and Intelligence Based Operations IBOs against Narcotics, Illegal Arms Ammunition, Money Laundering and dangerous Chemicals
Part of Ministry of Narcotics Control
Paramilitary forces of Pakistan
Garrison/HQ National Park Road
Rawalpindi Cantonment, Pakistan
Nickname(s) ANF
Motto(s) Drugs Free Society
Website http://www.anf.gov.pk/
Commanders
Current
commander
Major-General Musarrat Nawaz Malik, HI(M) Director General
Aircraft flown
Helicopter MI-17 Helicopters

The Anti-Narcotics Force (Urdu: انسداد منشیات پولیس‎, reporting name: ANF) is a Federal Executive bureau of the Government of Pakistan, tasked with combating the narcotics smuggling and use within Pakistan. ANF works under umbrella of Pakistan Army and Ministry of Narcotcs Control. Due to misconception on Section 4 of ANF ACT 1997, the force's head consisted the active-duty general officer of Pakistan Army. Although the law prescribes that any competent person may be appointed as Director General. Currently a two star Army Officer, Major General Musarrat Nawaz Malik HI(M) is deputed as Director General. The ANF also has sole responsibility for coordinating and pursuing Pakistan narcotics investigations abroad.

The superintendence of the Force is vest with the Federal Government whereas, administration of the Force is vested with the Director-General who shall exercise in respect of the Force all powers of an Inspector-General of Police under the Police Act, 1861 (V of 1861), and all other powers under the Act. In case of any officers and members from the Armed Forces, the Director-General shall have all powers conferred by or under the Pakistan Army Act, 1952 (XXXIX of 1952), the Pakistan Air Force Act, 1953 (VI op 1953), and the Pakistan Navy Ordinance, 1961 (XXXVI of 1961), respectively as an officer empowered to convene a General Court Martial. The Force consists of approximately 3100 agents across the country.

The organization has sacrificed 16 of its best enforcers including Offices, JCO's and Jawans.

ANF Setup[edit]

Anti Narcotics Force Headquarters is situated at Rawalpindi controlling its outfits through 5x Regional Headquarters i.e. North at Rawalpindi, KP at Peshawar, Punjab at Lahore, Sindh at Karachi and Balochistan at Quetta. Regional Headquarters are controlling their area of domain through their various Police Stations. There are 9x Directorates at HQ ANF:

  • Logistics Directorate
  • Enforcement Directorate (A, B, and I Branches)
  • Law Directorate
  • Assets and Financial Investigation Directorate
  • Planning & Development Directorate
  • International Cooperation Directorate
  • Information Technology Directorate
  • Drug Demand Reduction Directorate
  • General Staff
  • Aviation Branch

Association of other Institutions regarding Anti Narcotics and Anti Smuggling[edit]

To protect our National Security Anti Narcotics Force under the insight of Ministry of Narcotics Control, is working tirelessly in coordination with other Law Enforcement Agencies of Pakistan. Organizations with similar goals are:

History[edit]

Pakistan Narcotics Board (PNB) was set up in 1957, in the Revenue Division in order to meet Pakistan's obligations under the International Opium Convention of 1925. PNB comprised representatives from the Provincial Governments and some Federal Ministries/Divisions.

Pakistan Narcotics Control Board (PNCB) was established in 1973 with five Regional Directorates, in response to UN Convention on Narcotics Control, with the mandate to combat narcotics in the Country. PNCB functioned as an attached department of Ministry of Interior till 1989 with strength of 883 all ranks. Narcotics Control Division (NCD) was established in 1989 and the Board became its attached department.

Anti Narcotics Task Force (ANTF) comprising 388 all ranks from Pakistan Army was established in December 1991 as an attached department of NCD.

Anti Narcotics Force (ANF) was raised on 21 February 1995 by merging PNCB and ANTF.

Narcotics Control Division (NCD) was declared Ministry of Narcotics Control in 2001 but it was reverted to NCD under Ministry of Interior and Narcotics Control (MOI&NC) in 2013.

Ministry of Narcotics Control (MNC) Ministry of Narcotics Control was established in August 2017.

ANF Intelligence and Investigation[edit]

There are distinct stages for Investigating a case.

Stages[edit]

Assets of the convicts in narcotics cases are confiscated in favour of Federal Government through following stages usually:

  • Tracing: Finding out the true sources, disposition, movement or ownership of assets and includes determining the movement or conversion of assets by any means.
  • Freezing: Prohibiting by an order made by the Special Court or an officer authorized under CNS Act 1997 the transfer, conversion, disposal or movement of any assets and includes the holding, controlling, assuming custody or managing any assets in pursuance of such order and, in the case of assets which are perishable the disposal thereof
  • Forfeiture: Forfeiting of asset /property in favour of Federal Government.
  • Realization: On finalization of forfeiture of assets and execution petition, the assets are realized in favor of Federal Government.

Laws[edit]

Assets Investigation is conducted under relevant sections / provisions provided by the following laws:

  • Control of Narcotics Substance Act, 1997[1]
  • Anti Narcotics Force Act, 1997
  • Criminal Procedure Court 1898
  • Anti Money Laundering Act, 2010
  • Prevention of Smuggling Act, 1977

The Operations[edit]

According to activities of smugglers and areas which facilitate their interest, the operations of the Anti Narcotics force can be divided into following two categories:

  • Anti Narcotics, Arms and Ammunition
  • Anti Explosive Chemicals
  • Anti Money Laundering

Policy Review Board[edit]

To monitor the policies of Federal Government a Policy Review Board headed by Minister for Narcotics Control comprising 14 members from relevant Federal and Provincial Ministries was set up in 1997. A separate ministry for Narcotics Control has been set up; therefore, there is a need to revise the composition of this body. Existing composition of the Policy Review Board is as follows

Minister for Narcotics Control Chairman
Minister for Health and Social Welfare Member
Minister for Foreign Affairs Member
Minister of State for States and Frontier Regions Member
Governor KPK Member
4 Ministers in charge of Provincial Home Departments Member
4 Ministers in charge of Provincial Health Departments Member
Minister for Narcotics Control(NWFP) Member
Secretary Ministry of Narcotics Control Secretary/Member

Narcotics Interdiction Committee[edit]

To make the coordinating role of the Federal Government effective and to ensure that narcotics interdiction by various law enforcement agencies proceeds under well-synchronized efforts, a Narcotics Interdiction Committee (NIC) has been set up with the following composition:

Secretary Narcotics Control Division Chairman
Inspector Generals of Police Punjab, Sindh, NWFP Balochistan, AJK, Islamabad Capital Territory and Northern Areas Member
Heads of Federal Civil Armed Forces Member
Director General, Federal Investigation Agency(FIA) Member
Director General, Intelligence and Investigation (Customs and Excise), Revenue Division Member
Director General of the Anti Narcotics Force(ANF) Member

ANF's Charter of Duty[edit]

ANF official checking passengers at Jinnah International Airport

Anti Norcotics Force (ANF) is responsible to perform the following

Supply Reduction

Limiting the smuggling trafficking and distribution of Narcotics. Coordinating eradication of opium poppy. Ensuring no heroin lab becomes functional. Inquire/Investigate assets of drug barons. Pursuing Legal cases relentlessly.

Demand Reduction

Reducing the demand of illicit drugs through preventive education, treatment and rehabilitation as well as harm reduction programmes.

Coordination Liaison at National and International Level

Enhancing international co-operation in the fight against drugs and liaison with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, International Narcotics Control Board, International Police, Narcotics Affairs Section (US Embassy), Drugs Enforcement Agency, Foreign Anti Narcotics Community, Drug Liaison Officers etc.

External video
On patrol with Pakistan's anti-narcotics force
Assets Performance, 2016
Month / Year Frozen (Rs. In Million) Forfeited (Rs. in Million) Realized (Amount deposited in National Bank)
Jun 2016 Rs. 92.39 Million
May 2016 Rs. 43.286048 Million
Apr 2016 Rs. 209.552919 Million
Mar 2016 Rs. 6.95 Million
Feb 2016 Rs. 49.37105 Million
Jan 2016 Rs. 72.05 Million

National Seizure Data– 2016 (ANF and Other Law Enforcement Agencies

Category Numerical
No of Cases Registered 54990
Persons Arrested 58933
Opium (Kg) 64608.316
Morphine (Kg) 6595.822
Heroin (Kg) 23172.189
Hashish (Kg) 270493.906
Cocaine (Kg) 231.373
Amphetamine (Kg) 3876.597
Methamphetamine (Kg) 132.505
Ecstasy Tabs (No) 1230.000
Xnax Tabs (No) 31960.000
Rovitaril Tab (No) 280.000
Metami Zole (No) 550.000
Poppy Straw (Kg) 1022.579
Cannabis/Marijuana (Kg) 17067.650
Acetic Anhyride (Kg) 44454.000
Sulphuric Acid (Kg) 2835.000
Total Narcotics (Metric Tons) 434.490
Domestic Price (PKR Million) 31723.410
International Price (US$ Million) 6021.450

SPEAR Strategy[edit]

ANF has organized a strategy which is recognized as SPEAR. The inscription details are as under:

Surveillance and Intelligence Acquisition

Proactive Prevention and Protection

Effective Enforcement

Alliances, Assistance and Cooperation

Rehabilitation and Awareness

International Initiatives[edit]

In order to make joint efforts for the control of drug trafficking, the agency in collaboration with Government of Pakistan has signed MoUs with 32 countries and Letters of Intent with 2 x countries. Moreover, 15 x new MoUs and revision for 5 x existing MoUs are also under process. Additionally, specific treaties have been signed with 29 x countries for extradition of convicts on certain offences including drug trafficking. Details of these agreements are as under:

Memorandum of Understanding (MOUs)[edit]

Afghanistan, Australia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Egypt, Hellenic Republic (Greece), India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kingdom of Cambodia, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic, Maldives, Nigeria, Republic of Philippines, Romania, Russia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, UAE, United Kingdom, USA and Uzbekistan

Under Process MoUs[edit]

Bahrain, Canada, Kenya, Libya, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Nepal, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, South Africa, Turkmenistan and Ukraine.

Letter of Intent (LoI)[edit]

Australia and China

Extradition Treaties[edit]

Argentina, Belgium, France, Greece, Switzerland, USA, Iran, Monaco, Netherlands, Denmark, Austria, Yugoslavia, Iraq, Ecuador, Portugal, Luxembourg, Colombia, Liberia, Cuba, San Marino, Italy, Egypt, Australia, Uzbekistan, Algeria, China, UAE, Libya and Kuwait.

World Anti-Narcotics Day[edit]

UNODC observes 26 June as the "INTERNATIONAL DAY AGAINST DRUG ABUSE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING", established by the UN General Assembly in 1987. This observance manifests to further escalate UN's resolve in creating a drug free society by reducing both demand as well as supply of illicit drugs and increasing awareness among general masses regarding drugs abuse. Each Year UNODC selects themes for International Drug Day and launches campaigns to raise public appreciation regarding the global drug issue and its effects on complete humanity. Past Observance themes for last 5 years were:

  • 2015: "Lets Develop — Our Lives — Our Communities — Our Identities — Without Drugs"
  • 2014: "A message of hope: Drug use disorders are preventable and treatable"
  • 2013: "Make health your 'new high' in life, not drugs"
  • 2012: "Global Action for Healthy Communities without Drugs"
  • 2011: "Say No!"
  • 2010 : "Think health – not drugs"

World Anti-Narcotics Day in Pakistan

The magnitude of drug menace not only undermines global public health, socio-economic synopsis and international stability, it has also become an issue of National Security for Pakistan. Pakistan itself is a poppy free country, but its population became a victim of regional opiate production. We are facing the brunt of trafficking of opiates and cannabis from the West, precursors from the East and Amphetamine Type Stimulants from elsewhere.

Each year International Drug Day is celebrated by Anti Narcotics Force. ANF celebrate Drug Day in a wholesome manner so as to generate a strong message for the international community and domestic masses for general awareness and society's participation by introducing a variety of drug demand awareness activities in addition to drug burning ceremonies.

Model Addiction and Treatment Centres[edit]

ANF is also playing a lead role in mass awareness and community participation programs to educate the people against drug abuse as Drug Demand Reduction has always been an important segment of our Strategy. ANF besides many awareness ventures runs 5 Model Addiction and Treatment Centres (MATRCs) at Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Quetta, Sukkur and Karachi and since their raising over twelve thousand patients have been treated.

Under the policy guidelines provided by NCD and with the cooperation of our allied countries, civil society and the media, ANF is doing the best it can and has had significant successes in all three regimes of operation i.e. Drug Supply Reduction, Drug Demand Reduction and International Cooperation. Men and women of ANF are fully committed to protecting our compatriots from the peril at cost of risk to their own lives.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Control of Narcotics Substance Act, 1997" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "ANF". 
  3. ^ Opium: Uncovering the Politics of the Poppy. 
  4. ^ Addiction, Crime and Insurgency: The Transnational Threat of Afghan Opium. 

External links[edit]