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Anti-monumentalism (or Counter-monumentalism) is a philosophy in art that denies the presence of any imposing, authoritative social force in public spaces. It developed as an opposition to monumentalism whereby authorities (usually the state or dictator) establish monuments in public spaces to symbolize themselves or their ideology, and influence the historical narrative of the place.[1] According to artist Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, anti-monument "refers to an action, a performance, which clearly rejects the notion of a monument developed from an elitist point of view as an emblem of power."[2] Krzysztof Wodiczko's Bunker Hill Monument Projections[3] and Do-Ho Suh's Public Figures can be considered examples of anti-monumentalism.[4]


  1. ^ "counter-monuments". Facing History and Ourselves. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  2. ^ Lozano-Hemmer, Rafael (2002). "Alien Relationships with Public Space". TransUrbanism: 155.
  3. ^ Leigh Mahan, Nicole. "Krzysztof Wodiczko;s "If You See Something...": counter-memory and the role of the artist in Post-9/11 America" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  4. ^ Shu, Do-Ho. "The Anti-Monument". The Walrus. Retrieved 8 December 2011.