Nordic Resistance Movement

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Nordic Resistance Movement
Nordic Resistance Movement Logo.png
The Nordic Resistance Movement's insignia, a Tyr rune on a green diamond
Leadership and founding
Founders Klas Lund (SWE)
Haakon Forwald (NOR)
Henrik Esa Holappa (FIN)
Leaders Simon Lindberg
Haakon Forwald (NOR)
Antti Niemi (FIN)
Spokesman Pär Öberg
Secretary Emil Hagberg
Founded 1997 (SWE)
1997 or 1998 (NOR)
2006 or 2007 (FIN)
Countries Sweden
Norway
Finland
Properties
Political ideology Neo-Nazism[1][2]
Ultranationalism
Pan-Nordism[3]
Hard Euroscepticism

The Nordic Resistance Movement (Swedish: Nordiska Motståndsrörelsen; NMR, Norwegian: Nordiske motstandsbevegelsen; NMB, Finnish: Pohjoismainen vastarintaliike; PVL, Danish: Nordiske modstandsbevægelse; NMB) is a Pan-Nordic Neo-Nazi[4] movement and, in Sweden, a party. It is established in Sweden, Norway and Finland.[5]

Formation and structure[edit]

In December 1997, Klas Lund and some other former members of the White Aryan Resistance (Swedish: Vitt Ariskt Motstånd, also known as VAM) – a militant neo-Nazi group active from 1991 to 1993 – having been released from prison, formed the Swedish Resistance Movement (Svenska Motståndsrörelsen or SMR) together with individuals working with the neo-Nazi magazine Folktribunen and members of Nationell Ungdom ("National Youth"), a neofascist and openly racist organisation.[6][7][8][9]

In 2016, the Nordic Resistance Movement was formed, with separate affiliates in Sweden, Finland, and Norway; a Danish affiliate was later disbanded. The Nordic Resistance Movement advocates an immediate stop to what they call mass immigration to the Scandinavian countries, and repatriation of people that are not of Northern European descent. It also advocates Nordic self-sufficiency and withdrawal from the European Union.[10]

Sweden[edit]

The Swedish Resistance Movement's present leader is Simon Lindberg, and its political wing is managed by Pär Öberg. It is known for its opposition to non-white immigration to Sweden.[11] Svenska motståndsrörelsen is considered a central actor in Sweden's white power movement.[12] The aim of Nordic Resistance Movement is to establish a Nordic National Socialist government by revolution or elections.[12] The organization says its fight will require bloodshed.[13]

SMR has praised Adolf Hitler[14] and Corneliu Codreanu in their publications. Their main tactics are distributing leaflets and making public speeches in inner-city areas about National Socialism and immigration. They also publish the Nationellt Motstånd magazine.[15]

In November 2003 the Swedish Security Service raided homes of leading members, among them Lund, who was later sentenced to prison for illegal possession of firearms.[16]

In May 2006, the Swedish Resistance Movement announced that the National Youth organisation and all its activities and members had been merged with the SRM.[17]

In the 2014 Swedish election, two members of the NRM were elected to Sweden Democrats seats in the municipal councils in Ludvika and Borlänge. In what has been described as a "coup" [18] their names were added to Sweden Democrats' ballots that were open for additions.[19][20]

Late in 2015, the NRM was registered as a political party in Sweden, headed by the organization's spokesman, Pär Öberg.[21][22][23][24]

Three men with ties to Swedish NRM were sentenced to prison for respectively eight and a half years, five years, and one and a half years on 7 July 2017 for three bombings in Göteborg which took place in November 2016 and January 2017. One person received life-threatening injuries at the bombing of a refugee centre in Västra Frölunda.[1] The men have appealed the verdict.[2]

On 30 September 2017, NRM staged a march with roughly 500 members taking part[25] in Sweden's second largest city Göteborg, timed to coincide with the annual Göteborg Book Fair.[26] Fighting broke out between NRM and counterdemonstrators. 22 NRM members including the organisation's leader Simon Lindberg were arrested on suspicion of violent public disorder, and one counter-demonstrator was arrested on suspicion of attacking a police officer.[27] Swedish Jews were outraged at the demonstration, which took place on the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur and was originally planned to pass near a synagogue. The march was re-routed and shortened following a court ruling.[25]

Finland[edit]

Suomen Vastarintaliike ("Finnish Resistance Movement") is the Finnish branch of the Nordic Resistance Movement. One of the main tactics has been the planting of propaganda stickers and posters. The members also participate in combat training arranged by the organization.[28] The organisation is also increasingly violent, among other actions attacking anti-racism and gay pride demonstrations.[29]

On 30 November 2017, the Pirkanmaan District Court banned the Nordic Resistance Movement in Finland for "being an organization which threatens democratic rule of law"[30].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nazister döms till fängelse för bombdåden i Göteborg, Aftonbladet, 7 July 2017, accessed 1 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b Nazister vill frikännas efter bombdomarna, Göteborgsposten, 28 July 2017, accessed 1 September 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/2382438/white-supremacist-nordic-resistance-movement-unite-scandinavia-far-right/ "Inside the violent and rapid increasing white supremacist Nordic Resistance Movement which aims to unite Scandinavia with 'revolution' into a single far-right republic"
  4. ^ Akerstedt, Ida (30 September 2017). "'We expect CHAOS' Neo-Nazi group descend on Swedish city as police arrest protestors". express.co.uk. 
  5. ^ "New report: Neo-Nazis in the North - Hate Speech International". www.hate-speech.org. 
  6. ^ "Fakta Sv. Motståndsrörelsen/Nationell Ungdom" (in Swedish). =Expo. 
  7. ^ https://www.expressen.se/gt/fran-vitt-ariskt-motstand-till-nordiska-motstandsrorelsen/ "From White Aryan Resistance to Nordic Resistance Movement"
  8. ^ "Registrerade partibeteckningar". www.val.se. Retrieved 1 October 2017. 
  9. ^ "Nazisters vapengömma sprängd". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 11 March 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Information in English". Retrieved 1 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "Adaktusson fortsätter granskningen av nazisterna i Svenska motståndsrörelsen" (in Swedish). TV8. Archived from the original on September 28, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "Politiskt extremism - Grupper inom vit makt-miljön" (in Swedish). Swedish Security Service. 
  13. ^ "Exklusiv intervju med första avhopparen från nazistgruppen Svenska motståndsrörelsen" (in Swedish). Adaktusson's blogg. 
  14. ^ "Patriot.nu". 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2017-10-01. 
  15. ^ Svenska motståndsrörelsen (29 December 2017). "Nationellt motstånd: trohet, ära, styrka". Nationellt motstånd : trohet, ära, styrka. – via Open WorldCat. 
  16. ^ Stefan Lisinski; Lasse Wierup (25 November 2003). "Nazistledare gripen för vapenbrott" (in Swedish). DN. 
  17. ^ "Fakta Sv. Motståndsrörelsen / Nationell Ungdom". expo.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-10-01. 
  18. ^ TT. "Kupp ger nazister SD-mandat". SvD.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-12-30. 
  19. ^ "Nazist kuppar in sig på SD-mandat i Ludvika". Aftonbladet. Retrieved 2017-12-30. 
  20. ^ "Nazist tar plats i Borlänges kommunfullmäktige". Expressen (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-12-30. 
  21. ^ http://www.esisc.org/publications/briefings/radicalization-polarization-and-xenophobia-the-growing-influence-of-the-nordic-resistance-movement-in-sweden-and-finland "Indeed, since 2015 the NRM has been a registered political party in Sweden.
  22. ^ http://kungalvsposten.se/nyheter/nazistparti-vill-ta-plats-i-kungalv/ "The Nazi party, the Nordic Resistance Movement; NRM, will take part in the municipal elections in Kungälv next autumn"
  23. ^ https://www.svt.se/nyheter/inrikes/forskare-nordiska-motstandsrorelsen-ar-en-valdsam-sekt "For a few years, the Nordic Resistance Movement has been a political party, and holds seats in both Ludvika and Borlänge Municipal Councils"
  24. ^ https://www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/a/vRlzw/nazister-kommer-till-almedalen "The Nazi and Antisemitic party 'The Nordic Resistance Movement; NRM' will for the first time take part in the Politicians' Week in Almedalen, reports Gotlands Allehanda".
  25. ^ a b "Dozens of neo-Nazis arrested after violent clashes in Sweden", RT News, 30 September 2017, accessed 1 October 2017.
  26. ^ "Sweden’s literati wrestle with the far right", Politico Europe, 29 September 2017, accessed 1 October 2017.
  27. ^ "NMR-ledaren Simon Lindberg anhållen efter nazimarschen", Aftonbladet, 1 October 2017, accessed 1 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Extreme right radicals seeking more visible presence in Finland". Retrieved 1 October 2017. 
  29. ^ "Researcher: Jyväskylä knife attack no surprise". Retrieved 1 October 2017. 
  30. ^ "Finnish court bans Neo-Nazi movement". Yle News.