Antignac, Cantal

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Antignac
Antignac village
Antignac village
Antignac is located in France
Antignac
Antignac
Coordinates: 45°20′35″N 2°32′46″E / 45.3431°N 2.5461°E / 45.3431; 2.5461Coordinates: 45°20′35″N 2°32′46″E / 45.3431°N 2.5461°E / 45.3431; 2.5461
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Cantal
Arrondissement Mauriac
Canton Saignes
Intercommunality Sumène Artense
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Stéphane Briant
Area1 16.02 km2 (6.19 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 279
 • Density 17/km2 (45/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 15008 / 15240
Elevation 468–928 m (1,535–3,045 ft)
(avg. 495 m or 1,624 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Antignac (Antinhac in Occitan) is a French commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Antignacois or Antignacoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Antignac lies in the valley of the Sumène some 80 km south-west of Clermont-Ferrand and 10 km north-west of Riom-ès-Montagnes[2] in the Canton of Saignes. Access to the commune is by road D3 from Riom-ès-Montagnes in the south-east continuing west to join the D922.

Antignac is the main village in the commune which includes 25 other hamlets and localities:

  • Le Beix
  • Bellot
  • La Bouboulie
  • La Broconie
  • Les Buges Blanches
  • La Cavarache
  • Le Cellier
  • Le Chambon
  • Le Châtelet
  • La Croix de Soleilhadoux
  • Drulh
  • Fouillade
  • Fourgoux
  • La Ganette
  • Lugue
  • Masternat
  • Saleix
  • Salsignac
  • Sauronnet
  • La Seppe
  • Tampagniergues
  • Urlande
  • La Valette
  • Vignon
  • Vignonnet

The river Rhue forms all of the commune's northern border.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1798 1799 Jean-Baptiste Dubois
1799 1817 Jean-François Dubois
1817 1847 Louis Armand
1847 1848 Pierre Brun
1848 1864 Louis François Armand
1864 1881 Jean-Baptiste Tournadre
1881 1897 Paul-Antoine Mirande
1897 1919 Gabriel Félix Duc
1919 1942 Jean 'Eugène' Breton
1942 1953 Pierre Chanut
1953 1983 Roger Laboureix
1983 1990 Claude Favory
1990 1995 Charles Vayssier
1995 2001 Claude Chanet
2001 2020 Stéphane Briant

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 279 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
826 590 846 836 1,828 1,937 1,910 1,801 1,898
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,790 1,875 1,658 907 884 924 979 979 981
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
936 920 755 676 660 675 645 608 530
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
449 439 361 305 335 292 276 279 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Antignac

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • Farmhouses (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4] The Farmhouse at La Broconie contains Furniture which is registered as historical objects.Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[5]
  • Houses (16th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • Houses and Farms (16th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse and Mill at le Soulou (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The Grange du Pré de L'Oiseau Stables (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Wolf Trapping Pits at Urlande bas (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The former School (1882)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11] The School contains several religious items that are registered as historical objects.Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Salsignac Railway Viaduct (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg on the stretch from Bort-les-Organs to Riom-ès-Montagnes on the Paris-Béziers railway line was commissioned on 2 December 1907 and closed in 1991. The viaduct is 190m long with 14 arches and is 24m high.[13]
  • The Barn-Stables at Le Beix (1878)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]

The Town Hall contains a War Memorial (1924)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg that is registered as an historical object.[15]

Other sites of interest
  • The Chateau of Longuevergne

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Saint-Étienne and Saint-Ferréol de Salsignac (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg. Also called the Chapel Notre-Dame-du-Bon-Secours de Salsignac, this small Romanesque church was built in the 12th century and rebuilt in the Gothic style between 1469 and 1496. The bell located in a tiny bell tower dates from 1657.[16][17] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • A Processional Banner (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Statue: Saint Louis (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Statue: Saint Ferréol of Vienne (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • A Statue: Virgin and child (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Stoup (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • A Tabernacle (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
    • A Monumental Painting (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • The Parish church of Saint-Victor and Saint-Pierre-ès-Liens (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg. The apse and the choir are the only parts dating from the 12th century, the nave and the chapels were rebuilt or upgraded in the 18th and 19th centuries.[26][27] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • The Furniture in the ChapelLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
    • A Chalice (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
    • An Alb (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]
    • 2 Processional Banners (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]
    • The Saint-Pierre Bell (1472)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[32]
    • A Stoup (1753)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33]
    • 2 Statues: Saints Peter and Paul (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
    • 2 Statues: Adoring Angels (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
    • Retables and Altar Paintings (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
    • 2 Altar Paintings (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
    • A Painting: Saint Peter delivered by an Angel (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
    • A Monumental Painting (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
    • A Statue: Saint Paul (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
    • A Statue: Saint Peter (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]
  • The Chapel of Notre-Dame du Roc-Vignonnet (ruins) (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg. Begun in the early 12th century and completed in the 13th and 14th centuries, the chapel was finally abandoned in the 19th century.[42][43] The Chapel contains some items that are registered as historical objects:
  • Monumental Crosses (19th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[46]
  • The Presbytery contains a Wardrobe (1807)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg that is registered as an historical object.[47]

Environmental heritage[edit]

Two sites are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Clairière médiévale des Roussilloux Park (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[48]
  • The Jardin Ethnobotanique Botanic Garden (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[49]

Antignac Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Jean Dutourd (born 14 January 1920 in Paris, where he died 17 January 2011), journalist and writer of the French Academy, author of the novel Au Bon Beurre, grandson of the House of Laurichesse at the Auberge de la Sumène d'Antignac. Became famous for his participation in the radio program Les grosses têtes (The big heads) presented by Philippe Bouvard.
  • Jacques Jouve, born 10 March 1932 at Antignac. Communist MP for Haute-Vienne from 19 March 1978 to 22 May 1981.
  • François-Paul Raynal (1902-1964), journalist at L'Auvergnat de Paris and writer, remained very attached to his roots and family home at Salsignac which he mentions in several of his novels and stories (Au fil de la Sumène, Les Artisans du village, Marie des Solitudes, etc.).
  • François Aubert, mason, who decorated his house in a naive style (close to the ideal palace of Ferdinand Cheval) and created a mineralogical museum.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Cantal (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000015 Farmhouse 1 at Urlande basIA15000016 Farmhouse 2 at Urlande basIA15000013 Farmhouse 1 at TampagnierguesIA15000020 Farmhouse 2 at TampagnierguesIA15000403 La Fouillarade Farmhouse at le CellierIA15000019 Farmhouse at DrulsIA15000017 Farmhouse at BellotIA15000010 Farmhouse at La BroconieIA15000007 FarmhouseIA15000004 Farmhouse at La Bouboulie (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000039 Religious objects in the Farmhouse (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000024 Merchant's House 1IA15000022 Merchant's House 2IA15000023 Merchant's House 3IA15000018 Artisan's House 1IA15000031 House at SauronnetIA15000027 House 4IA15000029 House/Farmhouse and ForgeIA15000021 House at la Valette (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000033 Houses and Farms(French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000014 Farmhouse and Mill(French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000032 Grange du Pré de L'Oiseau Stables(French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000026 Wolf Trapping Pits at Urlande bas(French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000025 Former School(French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000036 Religious objects in the School (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000011 Salsignac Railway Viaduct(French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000009 Barn-Stables(French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000015 War Memorial (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093442 Church of Saint-Ferréol de Salsignac (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000005 Church of Saint-Étienne and Saint-Ferréol de Salsignac (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000035 IM15000034 Furniture in the Church (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000033 Processional Banner (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000032 Statue: Saint Louis (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000032 Statue: Saint Ferréol of Vienne (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000030 Statue: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000029 Stoup (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000028 Tabernacle (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000012 Monumental Painting (French)Camera aabb.svg
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093441 Church of Saint-Victor and Saint-Pierre-ès-Liens (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000006 Church of Saint-Victor and Saint-Pierre-ès-Liens (French)Camera aabb.svg
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000027 IM15000026 Furniture in the Chapel (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000025 Chalice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000024 Alb (French)Camera aabb.svg
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000023 2 Processional Banners (French)Camera aabb.svg
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000022 Saint-Pierre Bell (French)Camera aabb.svg
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000021 Stoup (French)Camera aabb.svg
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000020 2 Statues: Saints Peter and Paul (French)Camera aabb.svg
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000019 2 Statues: Adoring Angels (French)Camera aabb.svg
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000018 Retables and Altar Paintings (French)Camera aabb.svg
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000017 2 Altar Paintings (French)Camera aabb.svg
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000016 Painting: Saint Peter delivered by an Angel (French)Camera aabb.svg
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000013 Monumental Painting (French)Camera aabb.svg
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000050 Statue: Saint Paul (French)Camera aabb.svg
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000049 Statue: Saint Peter (French)Camera aabb.svg
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093440 Chapel of Notre-Dame du Roc-Vignonnet (French)
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000012 Chapel du Roc-Vignonnet (French)Camera aabb.svg
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000176 14 Capitals and 13 bases (French)Camera aabb.svg
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000175 33 Corbels (French)Camera aabb.svg
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000028 Monumental Crosses (French)
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000037 Wardrobe (French)
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000292 Clairière médiévale des Roussilloux Park (French)
  49. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000266 Jardin Ethnobotanique Botanic Garden (French)