Antiholomorphic function

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In mathematics, antiholomorphic functions (also called antianalytic functions) are a family of functions closely related to but distinct from holomorphic functions.

A function of the complex variable z defined on an open set in the complex plane is said to be antiholomorphic if its derivative with respect to z exists in the neighbourhood of each and every point in that set, where z is the complex conjugate.

One can show that if f(z) is a holomorphic function on an open set D, then f(z) is an antiholomorphic function on D, where D is the reflection against the x-axis of D, or in other words, D is the set of complex conjugates of elements of D. Moreover, any antiholomorphic function can be obtained in this manner from a holomorphic function. This implies that a function is antiholomorphic if and only if it can be expanded in a power series in z in a neighborhood of each point in its domain.

If a function is both holomorphic and antiholomorphic, then it is constant on any connected component of its domain.