Antilia (building)

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Antilia
Mumbai 03-2016 19 Antilia Tower.jpg
General information
StatusComplete
LocationAltamount Road, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai
CountryIndia
Coordinates18°58′06″N 72°48′35″E / 18.9683°N 72.8097°E / 18.9683; 72.8097Coordinates: 18°58′06″N 72°48′35″E / 18.9683°N 72.8097°E / 18.9683; 72.8097
Completed2010
Opening2010
CostUS $1 - $2 billion[1]
OwnerMukesh Ambani
Height173 m (568 ft)
Technical details
Floor count27
Lifts/elevators10
Design and construction
ArchitectPerkins and Will
Structural engineerSterling Engineering Consultancy Services (Mumbai)
Main contractorLeighton Contractors

Antilia is a private residence in the billionaires row of Mumbai, India. It is the residence of the Indian billionaire Mukesh Ambani & his family, who moved into it in 2012;[2] at 27 stories, 173 metres (568 ft) tall, over 37,000 square metres (400,000 sq ft), and with amenities such as three helipads, air traffic control, a 168-car garage, a ballroom, 9 high speed elevators, a 50-seat theatre, terrace gardens, swimming pool, spa, health centre, a temple, and a snow room that spits out snowflakes from the walls, the skyscraper-mansion is one of world's largest and most elaborate private homes.[3] The architectural design of Antilia has been fashioned along the lines of the lotus and the sun. The top six floors of the building have been set aside as the private full-floor residential area. It is also designed to withstand a magnitude 8 earthquake.

As of May 2020, it is valued at $2.2 billion, deemed to be the world's second most valuable residential property, after British crown property Buckingham Palace, and the world's most valuable private residence.[4] Its controversial design and ostentatious use by a single family has made it infamous in India and beyond, including severe criticism in the architectural press.[5]

It is located on Altamount Road, Cumballa Hill in Mumbai.

Naming[edit]

The building is named after the mythical island Antillia.[6]

Plot[edit]

The 4,532-square-metre (1.120-acre) land on which Antilia was built housed an orphanage called Currimbhoy Ebrahim Khoja Yateemkhana with 60 orphans, and belonged to a charity run by the Wakf board. The orphanage had been founded in 1895 by Currimbhoy Ebrahim, a wealthy shipowner.[7] In 2002, the trust requested permission to sell this land, and the charity commissioner gave the required permission three months later. The charity sold the land allocated for the purpose of education of underprivileged Khoja children to Antilia Commercial Private Limited, a commercial entity controlled by Mukesh Ambani, in July 2002 for 21.05 crore (US$3.0 million).[8] The prevailing market value of the land at the time was at least 1.5 billion (US$21 million).[9][10][11]

The sale was in direct contravention[12] of § 51 of the Wakf Act[13] which requires that any such sale of land should be done after the permission of the Maharashtra State Board of Waqfs. The Waqf minister Nawab Malik opposed this land sale, as did the revenue department of the Government of Maharashtra. Thus a stay order was issued on the sale of the land. The Waqf board also initially opposed the deal and filed a PIL in the Supreme Court challenging the decision of the trust. The Supreme Court, while dismissing the petition, asked the Waqf board to approach the Bombay High Court. However, the stay on the deal was subsequently vacated after the Waqf board withdrew its objection on receiving an amount of 16 lakh (US$22,000) from Antilia Commercial Pvt Ltd, and it issued a No Objection Certificate.[14]

In June 2011, the Union government asked the Maharashtra government to consider referring the matter to the Central Bureau of Investigation.[15][16][17][18] A PIL was filed a decade later by Abdul Matin, against the orphanage and the Charity commissioners permission.[19] As of 2018, the case was being heard by a special bench of the court.[20][21]

Construction and amenities[edit]

Antilia as seen from Altamount Road

The building plan was approved by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation in 2003.[22] Antilia started building in 2006 and was built in consultation with US architecture firms Perkins and Will & Hirsch Bedner Associates, with the Australian-based construction company Leighton Contractors initially taking charge of its construction. The construction was completed by B. E. Billimoria & Company Ltd.[23] The home has 27 floors with extra-high ceilings. (Other buildings of equivalent height may have as many as 60 floors.)[24] The home was also designed to survive an earthquake of magnitude 8.[25] It is considered by some to be the tallest single-family house in the world, but others disqualify the Antilia because it includes space for a staff of 600.[26]

The interior design uses the shapes of the lotus and the sun. These two features are repeated throughout the building using crystals, marble and mother-of-pearl.[27]

The building has three helipads, however they are not operational. The helipads have to be certified air worthy by the Director-General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), and get approval from the central defence and environment ministries.[28]

The house warming was done in November 2010, but Ambani had yet to move into the home, for fear of "bad luck".[29] In June 2011, almost 50 renowned pandits were invited to conduct pujas and address vastu issues in the building, after which the Ambanis took up residence in September 2011.[30][31]

Cost and valuation[edit]

Antilia is the world's most expensive private home, costing approximately US$2 billion.[32][33][34] Thomas Johnson, director of marketing at architecture firm Hirsch Bedner Associates (consulted by Reliance during the design of the building's floor plan) told Forbes magazine the residence cost nearly $3 billion.[35]

Incidents[edit]

On 10 July 2017, a fire broke out on the ninth floor, and it was extinguished within a few minutes. Six fire tenders reached the building within 10 minutes of getting the call. However the fire was extinguished before the fire brigade team reached, by Antilia staff who used a small line of fixed fire fighting systems and fire extinguishers. The fire was confined to the 4G antenna and plastic framing of vertical garden.[36]

On February 25, 2021, a car containing 20 explosive gelatin sticks and a threatening letter targeting the Ambanis, was found near Antilia. The car was parked about 400 metres from the building on Carmichael Road bordering Altamount Road. After a security officer at Antilia placed a call to the police control room regarding the suspicious vehicle, the police rushed to the spot, joined by the bomb detection and disposal squad. After the sniffer dogs detected explosives, the bomb squad removed the gelatin sticks, which were found to be not assembled, and had no battery or detonator.[37]

Public reception[edit]

Tata Group former chairman Ratan Tata said Antilia is an example of rich Indians' lack of empathy for the poor.[38] Tata said, "The person who lives in there should be concerned about what he sees around him and asking can he make a difference. If he can not, then it's sad because this country needs people to allocate some of their enormous wealth to finding ways of mitigating the hardship that people have."[39] "It makes me wonder why someone would do that. That's what revolutions are made of."[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Carlyle, Erin (13 May 2014). "The Most Expensive Billionaire Homes In The World". Forbes. Retrieved 21 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Nast, Condé. "Photos: Inside the Life of the Ambani Family, Owners of the World's Most Lavish Home". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Helipads to ballrooms: All that you wanted to know about Mukesh Ambani's Antilia". Firstpost. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  4. ^ Zeveloff, Julie. "12 Crazy New Facts About Mukesh Ambani's Billion-Dollar Home". Business Insider. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  5. ^ Bajaj, Vikas (18 October 2011). "Mukesh Ambani's 27-Story House Is Not His Home". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  6. ^ Hanrahan, Mark (18 May 2012). "Antilia: Inside Mukesh Ambani's 27-Story Mumbai Residence, The World's First $1 Billion Home (PHOTOS)". HuffPost. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Legality of orphanage property sold to Mukesh Ambani's Antilia in question". India Today. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  8. ^ "State may refer Ambani's Wakf land deal to CBI". The Indian Express. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  9. ^ Madhurima Nandy (5 August 2008). "Altamount Road in Mumbai is world's 10th dearest address". Livemint. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Lodha secures Mumbai land for Rs 4,053 cr". Business Standard. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  11. ^ "SC rejects plea to stop work on Mukesh mansion". Business Standard. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  12. ^ "Centre wants CBI to probe Mukesh Ambani home deal". Hindustan Times. 4 June 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Mukesh Ambani's new house – Antilla". aavaas.com. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  14. ^ "Mukesh Ambani pays 16 lakh to Wakf board, gets NOC". Ibnlive.in.com. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  15. ^ "Ambani dream house stands on shaky ground". Yahoo India Finance. 2 August 2011. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  16. ^ Makarand Gadgil (1 August 2011). "Maharashtra govt to review Ambani home land deal". Livemint. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  17. ^ "News # 020613-145152]". Newkerala.com. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  18. ^ "Centre wants CBI to probe Mukesh Ambani home deal". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  19. ^ "Mukesh Ambani's 'Antilla' allegedly built on land reserved for orphans". Mumbai Live. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Mukesh Ambani Built Antilia on Orphanage Land Illegally Sold in 2005: Maharashtra State Board of Wakfs". Caravan. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Sale of Land For Mukesh Ambani's House 'Antilia' Illegal, Against Provisions of Wakf Act: Maharashtra State Board of Wakfs [Read Affidavit]". www.livelaw.in. Live law. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  22. ^ Sayliudasmankikar (4 June 2007). "Mumbai's costliest road gets richer". Indian Express.
  23. ^ "Oh brother, spare me the time – World". smh.com.au. 2 August 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  24. ^ "Personal Green Skyscrapers – The 60 Story Antilia House (GALLERY)". Trendhunter.com. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
  25. ^ Kwek, Glenda (15 October 2010). "India's richest man builds first $1-billion home". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
  26. ^ Ro, Lauren (8 March 2017). "Arizona's 'Falcon's nest,' designed by Sukumar Pal, asks $1.5M". Curbed. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  27. ^ Lynn Farah (15 June 2020). "Mukesh Ambani's Mumbai mansion Antilia". South China Morning Post.
  28. ^ Shiv Kumar (17 August 2019). "Defence spoke on helipads atop tall Mumbai buildings". www.tribuneindia.com.
  29. ^ Elizabeth Flock (19 October 2011). "Mukesh Ambani never moved into his $1 billion mansion Antilia". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  30. ^ Sudhir Suryawanshi (30 October 2011). "Mukesh Ambani moved into Antilla 2 months ago". DNA India.
  31. ^ Rajini Vaidyanathan (18 May 2012). "Ambanis give first view inside 'world's priciest house' in Mumbai". BBC News.
  32. ^ "Mittal's address more expensive than Ambani's – Money – DNA". Dnaindia.com. 4 August 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  33. ^ "Indian industrialist to build rs2000 "home" amidst Mumbai's multimillion slum-dwellers". Asian Tribune. 7 June 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  34. ^ "Mukesh Ambani's new abode worth billion – Business News – IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  35. ^ Woolsey, Matt (30 April 2008). "Inside The World's First Billion-Dollar Home". Forbes. Forbes.com. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  36. ^ Indo Asian News Service (11 July 2017). "Fire breaks out at Mukesh Ambani's 'Antilia' building in south Mumbai".
  37. ^ Vijay Kumar Yadav and Manish K Pathak (FEB 25, 2021). "Explosive, threat letter found in a car near Ambani house in Mumbai". hindustand times. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  38. ^ "'Antilla', Mukesh Ambani's house, shows lack of empathy for rich: Ratan Tata". The Times of India. 22 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  39. ^ "'Antilla', Mukesh Ambani's house, shows lack of empathy for poor: Ratan Tata". The Times of India. 22 May 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  40. ^ "Why Mukesh Ambani's swanky home makes Ratan Tata sad". Firstpost. 20 December 2014.

External links[edit]