Antilia (building)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mumbai 03-2016 19 Antilia Tower.jpg
General information
LocationAltamount Road, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai
Coordinates18°58′05″N 72°48′34″E / 18.9681°N 72.8095°E / 18.9681; 72.8095Coordinates: 18°58′05″N 72°48′34″E / 18.9681°N 72.8095°E / 18.9681; 72.8095
CostUS $1 - $2 billion[2]
OwnerMukesh Ambani
Height173 m (568 ft)
Technical details
Floor count27
Design and construction
Architect(s)Perkins & Will[1]
Structural engineerSterling Engineering Consultancy Services (Mumbai)
Main contractorLeighton Asia

Antilia is a private residence in the billionaires row of Mumbai, India,[3] named after the mythical island Antillia.[4] It is the residence of the Indian billionaire Mukesh Ambani and his family, who moved into it in 2012.[5] The skyscraper-mansion is one of the world's largest and most elaborate private homes, at 27 stories, 173 metres (568 ft) tall, over 37,000 square metres (400,000 sq ft), and with amenities such as a 168-car garage, a ballroom, 9 high speed elevators, a 50-seat theatre, terrace gardens, swimming pool, spa, health centre, a temple, and a snow room that spits out snowflakes from the walls.[6][7]

The architectural design of Antilia has been fashioned along the lines of the lotus and the sun. The top six floors of the building have been set aside as the private full-floor residential area. It is also designed to withstand a magnitude 8 earthquake.[8]

As of 2014, it is considered the world's most expensive private residence, costing between US$1 and 2 billion to build.[2][9]


The 4,532-square-metre (1.120-acre) land on which Antilia was built housed an orphanage called Currimbhoy Ebrahim Khoja Yateemkhana belonging to a charity run by the Wakf board. The orphanage had been founded in 1895 by Currimbhoy Ebrahim, a wealthy shipowner.[10] In 2002, the trust requested permission to sell this land, and the charity commissioner gave the required permission three months later. The charity sold the land allocated for the purpose of education of underprivileged Khoja children to Antilia Commercial Private Limited, a commercial entity controlled by Mukesh Ambani, in July 2002 for 21.05 crore (US$2.6 million).[11] The prevailing market value of the land at the time was at least 150 crore (US$19 million).[12][13][14]

The sale was in direct contravention[15] of § 51 of the Wakf Act[16] which requires that any such sale of land should be done after the permission of the Maharashtra State Board of Waqfs. The Waqf minister Nawab Malik opposed this land sale, as did the revenue department of the Government of Maharashtra. Thus a stay order was issued on the sale of the land. The Waqf board also initially opposed the deal and filed a PIL in the Supreme Court challenging the decision of the trust. The Supreme Court, while dismissing the petition, asked the Waqf board to approach the Bombay High Court. However, the stay on the deal was subsequently vacated after the Waqf board withdrew its objection.

In June 2011, the Union government asked the Maharashtra government to consider referring the matter to the Central Bureau of Investigation.[17][18][19][20] A PIL was filed a decade later by Abdul Matin, against the orphanage and the Charity commissioners permission.[21] As of 2018, the case was being heard by a special bench of the court.[22][23]

Design and construction[edit]

Antilia, the second most luxurious and expensive house, is the residence of Asia's richest family, the Ambani family.[24][25]

The building was designed by two US architecture firms Perkins & Will,[1] based in Chicago, and Hirsch Bedner Associates, based in Los Angeles. They were consulted after Nita Dalal Ambani was impressed by the contemporary Asian interiors at the Mandarin Oriental, New York, also designed by them.[26]

The building plan was approved by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation in 2003,[27] and construction started in 2006 with Leighton Asia initially taking charge, and completed by B. E. Billimoria & Company Ltd.[28] The architects altered floor plans and design concepts as the construction of the building progressed.[26] The home has 27 floors with extra-high ceilings. (Other buildings of equivalent height may have as many as 60 floors.)[29] The home was also designed to survive an earthquake of magnitude 8.[30] It is considered by some to be the tallest single-family house in the world, but others disqualify the Antilia because it includes space for a staff of 600.[31]

The interior design uses the shapes of the lotus and the sun. These two features are repeated throughout the building using crystals, marble, and mother-of-pearl.[32] However, no two floors use the same materials or plan, the idea of the design is of consistency, but no repetition.[26]

The building has one helipad, however, it is not operational. The helipads have to be certified air-worthy by the Director-General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), and have yet to get approval from the central defence and environment ministries.[33]

The house warming was done in November 2010, but Ambani did not immediately move in for fear of "bad luck".[34] In June 2011, almost 50 renowned pandits were invited to conduct pujas and address vastu issues in the building, after which the Ambanis took up residence in September 2011.[35][36]

Antilia as seen from Altamount Road

Cost and valuation[edit]

Prior to construction, the worth of the plot and unbuilt house were estimated to be more than US$1.2 billion.[37] During planning, the house was expected to be the world's largest and most expensive home, with a cost of about US$2 billion.[26]

As of 2014, it is considered the world's most expensive private residence.[2]


On 10 July 2017, a fire broke out on the ninth floor, and it was extinguished within a few minutes. Six fire tenders reached the building within 10 minutes of getting the call. However, the fire was extinguished by Antilia staff before the fire brigade team arrived, using a small line of fixed firefighting systems and fire extinguishers. The fire was confined to the 4G antenna and plastic framing of the vertical garden.[38]

On February 25, 2021, a car containing 20 explosive gelatin sticks and a threatening letter targeting the Ambanis, was found near Antilia. The car was parked about 400 metres from the building on Carmichael Road bordering Altamount Road. A security officer at Antilia placed a call to the police control room regarding the suspicious vehicle, and the police rushed to the spot, joined by the bomb detection and disposal squad. After the sniffer dogs detected explosives, the bomb squad removed the gelatin sticks, which were found to be not assembled, and had no battery or detonator.[39] The probe was led by the Mumbai's crime intelligence unit head Sachin Vaze. The case was handed to the National Investigative Agency, which found out that Vaze was himself involved in this incident, and he was arrested.[40]

Public reception[edit]

Tata Group former chairman Ratan Tata said Antilia is an example of rich Indians' lack of empathy for the poor.[41] Tata said, "The person who lives in there should be concerned about what he sees around him and asking how he can make a difference. If he cannot, then it's sad because this country needs people to allocate some of their enormous wealth to finding ways of mitigating the hardship that people have.[41] It makes me wonder why someone would do that. That's what revolutions are made of."[42]

See also[edit]




  1. ^ a b "Perkins + Will Debunks Antilia Myths".
  2. ^ a b c Carlyle, Erin (13 May 2014). "The Most Expensive Billionaire Homes In The World". Forbes. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Mittal's address more expensive than Ambani's – Money – DNA". 4 August 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  4. ^ Hanrahan, Mark (18 May 2012). "Antilia: Inside Mukesh Ambani's 27-Story Mumbai Residence, The World's First $1 Billion Home (PHOTOS)". HuffPost. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Photos: Inside the Life of the Ambani Family, Owners of the World's Most Lavish Home". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Helipads to ballrooms: All that you wanted to know about Mukesh Ambani's Antilia". Firstpost. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Mukesh Ambani's 'Antilia' world's most expensive billionaire home: Forbes". The Indian Express. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  8. ^ "10 Surprising Facts About Ambani's 'Antilia', the World's Most Expensive House - Celebrity, Cosmopolitan India". Cosmopolitan India. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  9. ^ "The Ambani Residence, The Most Expensive House in the World". Vanity Fair. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Legality of orphanage property sold to Mukesh Ambani's Antilia in question". India Today. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  11. ^ "State may refer Ambani's Wakf land deal to CBI". The Indian Express. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  12. ^ Madhurima Nandy (5 August 2008). "Altamount Road in Mumbai is world's 10th dearest address". Livemint. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  13. ^ "Lodha secures Mumbai land for Rs 4,053 cr". Business Standard. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  14. ^ "SC rejects plea to stop work on Mukesh mansion". Business Standard. Press Trust of India. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  15. ^ "Centre wants CBI to probe Mukesh Ambani home deal". Hindustan Times. 4 June 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  16. ^ "Mukesh Ambani's new house – Antilla". Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  17. ^ "Ambani dream house stands on shaky ground". Yahoo India Finance. 2 August 2011. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  18. ^ Makarand Gadgil (1 August 2011). "Maharashtra govt to review Ambani home land deal". Livemint. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  19. ^ "News # 020613-145152]". Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  20. ^ "Centre wants CBI to probe Mukesh Ambani home deal". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Mukesh Ambani's 'Antilla' allegedly built on land reserved for orphans". Mumbai Live. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Mukesh Ambani Built Antilia on Orphanage Land Illegally Sold in 2005: Maharashtra State Board of Wakfs". Caravan. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  23. ^ "Sale of Land For Mukesh Ambani's House 'Antilia' Illegal, Against Provisions of Wakf Act: Maharashtra State Board of Wakfs [Read Affidavit]". Live law. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Antilia / World's Most Expensive House". ArchDaily. 15 October 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  25. ^ "Mukesh Ambani set to move into his $2 bn home!". Rediff. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  26. ^ a b c d Woolsey, Matt (30 April 2008). "Inside The World's First Billion-Dollar Home". Forbes. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  27. ^ Sayliudasmankikar (4 June 2007). "Mumbai's costliest road gets richer". Indian Express.
  28. ^ "Oh brother, spare me the time – World". Sydney Morning Herald. 2 August 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  29. ^ "Personal Green Skyscrapers – The 60 Story Antilia House (GALLERY)". Retrieved 29 July 2010.
  30. ^ Kwek, Glenda (15 October 2010). "India's richest man builds first $1-billion home". Melbourne: Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
  31. ^ Ro, Lauren (8 March 2017). "Arizona's 'Falcon's nest,' designed by Sukumar Pal, asks $1.5M". Curbed. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  32. ^ Lynn Farah (15 June 2020). "Mukesh Ambani's Mumbai mansion Antilia". South China Morning Post.
  33. ^ Shiv Kumar (17 August 2019). "Defence spoke on helipads atop tall Mumbai buildings".
  34. ^ Elizabeth Flock (19 October 2011). "Mukesh Ambani never moved into his $1 billion mansion Antilia". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  35. ^ Sudhir Suryawanshi (30 October 2011). "Mukesh Ambani moved into Antilla 2 months ago". DNA India.
  36. ^ Rajini Vaidyanathan (18 May 2012). "Ambanis give first view inside 'world's priciest house' in Mumbai". BBC News.
  37. ^ Parwini Zora (7 June 2007). "Indian industrialist to build rs2000 "home" amidst Mumbai's multimillion slum-dwellers". Asian Tribune. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  38. ^ Indo Asian News Service (11 July 2017). "Fire breaks out at Mukesh Ambani's 'Antilia' building in south Mumbai".
  39. ^ Vijay Kumar Yadav and Manish K Pathak (25 February 2021). "Explosive, threat letter found in a car near Ambani house in Mumbai". hindustand times.
  40. ^ Vaktania, Saurabh (19 March 2021). "Mukesh Ambani bomb scare case: What happened and when". India Today. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  41. ^ a b "'Antilla', Mukesh Ambani's house, shows lack of empathy for poor: Ratan Tata". The Times of India. 22 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  42. ^ "Why Mukesh Ambani's swanky home makes Ratan Tata sad". Firstpost. 20 December 2014.

External links[edit]