Antillean mango

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Antillean mango
Antillean Mango.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Anthracothorax
A. dominicus
Binomial name
Anthracothorax dominicus
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Anthracothorax dominicus map.svg

Trochilus dominicus Linnaeus, 1766

The Antillean mango (Anthracothorax dominicus) is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found on the Caribbean islands of Hispaniola (both the Dominican Republic and Haiti), Puerto Rico, the British Virgin Islands, and Virgin Islands, U.S..

The Antillean Mango is endemic to the West Indies.


The Antillean mango was formally described by the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1766 in the twelfth edition of his Systema Naturae under the binomial name Trochilus dominicus.[2] Linnaeus based his description on the "colibry de S. Domingue" that has been described and illustrated by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760.[3] The type locality is Dominican Republic on the island of Hispaniola (and not the island of Dominica).[4] The Antillean mango is now placed in the genus Anthracothorax that was introduced by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie in 1831.[5][6]

Two subspecies are recognised, with some sources putting them as different species:[6]


Females and young birds are white-gray breasted. Adult females have a red-terracota colored tail with small white tips at the end.


Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and heavily degraded former forest.


It is known to be rather quiet, and is the primary pollinator for the flowers H. bihai and H. caribaea.[7] [8]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Anthracothorax dominicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl (1766). Systema naturae : per regna tria natura, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Volume 1, Part 1 (12th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. 191. |volume= has extra text (help)
  3. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode Contenant la Division des Oiseaux en Ordres, Sections, Genres, Especes & leurs Variétés (in French and Latin). Volume 3. Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. pp. 672–373, Plate 35 fig 4. |volume= has extra text (help)
  4. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1945). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 5. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 26. |volume= has extra text (help)
  5. ^ Boie, Friedrich (1831). "Bemerkungen über Species und einige ornithologische Familien und Sippen". Isis von Oken (in German). 24. Cols 538–548 [545].
  6. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (January 2021). "Hummingbirds". IOC World Bird List Version 11.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Hispaniolan Mango (Anthracothorax dominicus)". Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  8. ^ Martén-Rodríguez, Silvana (December 2011). "Plant–pollinator interactions and floral convergence in two species of Heliconia from the Caribbean Islands". Oecologia. 167 (4): 1075–1083. doi:10.1007/s00442-011-2043-8. PMID 21792557. S2CID 7713862.

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