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In philosophy, antimaterialism can mean one of several metaphysical or religious beliefs that are specifically opposed to materialism, the notion that only matter exists. These beliefs include:

  • Immaterialism, a philosophy branching from George Berkeley of which his idealism is a type
  • Dualism (philosophy of mind), a philosophy which includes the claim that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical
  • Gnosticism, a general class of religious movements which hold that human beings have divine souls trapped in a material world
  • Idealism, which holds that the ultimate nature of reality is based on mind or ideas
  • Maya (illusion), a concept in various Indian religions regarding the dualism of the Universe
  • Platonic realism, which holds that certain universals have a real existence, in the sense of philosophical realism
  • Supernaturalism
  • Transcendentalism, a group of ideas involving an ideal spiritual state that 'transcends' the physical and empirical realms

In economics, antimaterialism may refer to simple living or beliefs opposed to consumerism, known as anti-consumerism.