Ruins of potash plant near Antioch
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Elevation||3,881 ft (1,183 m)|
|Time zone||[MST] (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||MST (UTC)|
|GNIS feature ID||834979|
Antioch is a ghost town in Sheridan County, Nebraska, United States. Located approximately 15 miles east of Alliance on Nebraska Highway 2, the town was once nicknamed "the potash capital of Nebraska." The town took its name from Antioch, Ohio.
The location of the town near several major alkali lakes among the Sandhills of western Nebraska made Antioch the logical home of five potash reduction factories: the American, Nebraska, Alliance, National, and Western potash companies. All these companies were major suppliers of potash during World War I.
As a late boomtown, Antioch sprang out of the war-driven needs. According to one historian, the year before the United States became involved in World War I, the town only had one schoolhouse, a church, and a store. With the advent of a method to distill potash from western Nebraska's alkali lakes by University of Nebraska scientists, by 1917 Antioch was "a small city." Antioch quickly had five large-scale potash plants, and within months the town had more than 5,000 residents. Following the war the population left again.
When Germany resumed trade with the United States in 1921, the potash trade was decimated. The factories immediately closed. The machinery was sold for scrap; the factories were demolished for the salvage value of the building materials; and the company housing was torn down or moved. Only the foundations of the factories and of some of the larger houses remained. Today, Antioch has fewer than 25 residents.
- Geographic Names Information System Feature Detail Report. Geographic Names Information System. 2000-01-01. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Hickey, Donald R.; Wunder, Susan A.; Wunder, John R. (2007). Nebraska Moments. U of Nebraska Press. p. 165. ISBN 0-8032-1572-X.
- Federal Writers' Project (1938). Origin of Nebraska place names. Lincoln, NE: Works Progress Administration. p. 5.
- "The Great WWI Potash Industry of Southern Sheridan County, Nebraska" Sheridan County Historical Society. p. 2. Retrieved Sept. 25, 2010.
- (1919) The American Missionary. Volume 73. Congregational Home Missionary Society, American Missionary Association.
- "Antioch: Potash boom town". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved Sept. 25, 2010.
- Jensen, Richard E. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory--Nomination Form: Antioch Potash Plants". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-10-18.
- "Nebraska National Register Sites in Sheridan County". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-10-18.
- "The Great WWI Potash Industry of Southern Sheridan County, Nebraska" Sheridan County Historical Society.
- "Antioch, Nebraska" on Ghosttowns.com
- Antioch Graveyard photo from NebraskaGravestonres.org
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