Antiplane shear or antiplane strain is a special state of strain in a body. This state of strain is achieved when the displacements in the body are zero in the plane of interest but nonzero in the direction perpendicular to the plane. For small strains, the strain tensor under antiplane shear can be written as
where the plane is the plane of interest and the direction is perpendicular to that plane.
The conservation of linear momentum in the absence of inertial forces takes the form of the equilibrium equation. For general states of stress there are three equilibrium equations. However, for antiplane shear, with the assumption that body forces in the 1 and 2 directions are 0, these reduce to one equilibrium equation which is expressed as
where is the body force in the direction and . Note that this equation is valid only for infinitesimal strains.