Coordinates: 14°35′03″N 121°10′35″E / 14.584244°N 121.176289°E / 14.584244; 121.176289
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Antipolo
Hinulugang Taktak.jpg
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From top, left to right : Hinulugang Taktak Falls • Antipolo City Hall • Rizal Provincial Capitol • Ynares Center Stadium • Bosoboso Church
Official seal of Antipolo
Pilgrimage City
City in the Sky
(Filipino : Tayo na sa Antipolo!)
(English : "Let's go to Antipolo!")
Map of Rizal with Antipolo highlighted
Map of Rizal with Antipolo highlighted
Antipolo is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°35′03″N 121°10′35″E / 14.584244°N 121.176289°E / 14.584244; 121.176289
District 1st and 2nd district
CityhoodApril 4, 1998
Barangays16 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorCasimiro Ynares III (NPC)
 • Vice MayorJosefina G. Gatlabayan (NPC)
 • RepresentativeFirst District -
Roberto Puno
Second District -
Romeo Acop
 • City Council
 • Electorate471,250 voters (2022)
 • Total306.10 km2 (118.19 sq mi)
137 m (449 ft)
Highest elevation
1,336 m (4,383 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total887,399
 • Rank7th
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 3,923 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 14,232 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 2,684 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 4,078 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company
 • WaterManila Water
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Native languagesSinauna
Catholic dioceseDiocese of Antipolo
Patron saintOur Lady of Peace and Good Voyage

Antipolo, officially the City of Antipolo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Antipolo), is a 1st class component city and capital of the province of Rizal, Philippines.[5] According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 887,399 people.[3] It is the most populous city in the Calabarzon region, and the seventh most-populous city in the Philippines.[6]

Antipolo was converted from a municipality into a component city of Rizal Province on April 4, 1998, under Republic Act No. 8508.[7] A new provincial capitol building was inaugurated in the city in March 2009 to replace the old capitol in Pasig, which has long been outside the jurisdiction of Rizal Province, since Pasig was included in Metro Manila in 1975. With the transfer of the provincial government to Antipolo, it is highly favored to be officially designated as the new capital of the province.[8] On March 14, 2011, Antipolo was declared according to Proclamation No. 124 s. 2011 a highly-urbanized city by then President Benigno Aquino III; however, the proclamation has yet to be ratified in a plebiscite.[9] Pending a plebiscite, Antipolo is the most populated city in the Philippines under a component city status. On June 19, 2020, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act 11475, designating Antipolo City as the official capital of Rizal Province.[10] It took effect on July 7, 2020.

The city is popular for being a pilgrimage site.[11] It prides itself as the "Pilgrimage Capital of the Philippines".[12] The Marian image of the Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage or the Virgin of Antipolo, which was brought in from Mexico in 1626, and enshrined in the Antipolo Cathedral has a continuous following among Filipino Catholics since the Spanish colonial era.[13] A popular custom of pilgrimages to the Virgin of Antipolo is the trek going to its shrine on the eves of Good Friday and May 1, from various locations in Rizal Province and Metro Manila. The most notable of these pilgrimages would begin the trek from the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene (Quiapo Church), in Quiapo, Manila following the procession of the image.[14] There is also an existing custom to have new cars blessed at the church in the belief that this will ensure the safety of the car and its passengers, and also preferred by outgoing OFWs to ensure their success in abroad.[15]

Its higher elevation than that of Metro Manila affords it a scenic view of the metropolis, especially at night. Its locally grown mangoes and cashews are popular among tourists, as well as suman – a local delicacy made out of glutinous rice. The Hinulugang Taktak National Park, which was once a popular summer get-away is being restored to become again one of the city's primary attractions because it was devastated by a typhoon.[16]


The city was named after the tipolo (breadfruit) tree (Artocarpus blancoi), which was in abundance in the area.


Franciscan missionaries arrived in Antipolo in 1578, and built a small church on what is now Boso-Boso Church. They were soon replaced in 1591 by the Jesuits, who organized the village into a parish. By 1601, The Christian population of Antipolo had grown to about 3,000 as the indigenous Dumagat population dwindled and moved deeper into the interiors.

An uprising of Manila's Chinese residents reached Antipolo in 1602. It led to the razing of the church.

On March 25, 1626, the image now known as the Virgin of Antipolo was brought from Acapulco, New Spain (now Mexico) by Governor-General Juan Niño de Tabora, who relinquished the image to the Jesuits for Antipolo's church.

In 1650, the village was organized into a town and became part of Tondo Province. When the province was divided in 1853, Antipolo became a part of the District of San Mateo de los Montes, which later became the District of Morong.

The Recollects took over Antipolo in 1864. It was during these years that the Virgin of Antipolo gained a following of devotees. Devotees from Manila and nearby towns and provinces flocked to Antipolo on foot or on hammocks, trekking along mountain trails and springs.

During the First Republic, the town served as the capital of Morong, until it was occupied by the Americans on June 4, 1899; the Revolutionary Government then transferred Morong's capital to Tanay. Soon after, the Americans established a civil government in 1901, Valentin Sumulong became the first municipal president. On June 11, 1901, Antipolo was incorporated into the newly established Province of Rizal, which included towns of Morong District and Manila Province. In 1903, the nearby towns of Bosoboso and Teresa were merged with Antipolo.[17] The town's territory was expanded again in 1913 to add the sitios of Mayamot and Bulao; just to lose Teresa six years later to become an independent municipality. The Manila Railroad Company (currently Philippine National Railways) inaugurated a railway service to Antipolo on December 24, 1908.

Long before the LRT Line 2 finally opened its services in Santolan in the Pasig-Marikina border in 2004, steam train services had once served those places in the past, even before World War II.

In Marikina, there is a street named "Daangbakal", also called by the names of "Shoe Avenue Extension", "Munding Avenue" and "Bagong Silang". There is also a similar "Daangbakal" in the San Mateo-Montalban (Rodriguez) area, and on the maps one can notice that the two roads should have been connected with each other. In fact, as the name suggests in Tagalog, these streets were once a single railway line. The two sides of the "Daangbakal" roads were once connected by a bridge in the San Mateo-Marikina border. However, as the railroad tracks have been largely ignored after the Japanese occupation and was transformed into separate highways, the railway connection was abandoned.

The old railroad tracks, called the Marikina Line, were connected from Tutuban station in Manila, passing through Tramo (Barangay Rosario, Pasig) coming all the way to the town of Marikina up to Montalban. On the northern end of the "Daangbakal" road in Montalban is a basketball court. That basketball court which stands today, surrounded by the Montalban Catholic Church and Cemetery, was once the railway station terminus of that particular line.

The present-day Santo Niño Elementary School in Marikina was said to be a train depot. And also it was said that a railroad station once stood in the Marikina City Sports Park.

The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. It was said that the Japanese Imperial Army made use of this railway line during the Second World War. These railways were dismantled during the 1960s and were converted into ordinary roads.

Today, the citizens are dependent on tricycles, jeepneys, taxis, UV Express services, buses and AUVs, which contribute to the everyday unbearable traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now there is uncertainty concerning the Northrail project, which is to link Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, owing to corruption within the project's construction.

Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently. These are the Cavite Line, which passed through Paco, Parañaque, Bacoor and up to Naic, Cavite. Completed in 1908, its operation continued until 1936. The other is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. Its operation ceased in 1917. There is a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo; there, as with the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension.

World War II[edit]

During the start of the Second World War in the Philippines, Antipolo became a refugee destination for many citizens from Manila and its suburbs who sought to avoid the Japanese invaders vying to occupy the Philippine capital. Also, two guerrilla units operated in the town against the Japanese. They were the Hunters ROTC under Miguel Ver and Terry Adevoso and the Marking Filipino and American Troops, which were established and led by Marcos Villa Agustin, more popularly known under the name Brig. Gen. Agustin Marking. Many inhabitants were tortured and killed by the Japanese, including Mayor Pascual Oliveros and his son Reynaldo, Padre Eusebio Carreon, Padre Ariston Ocampo, Sis. Ma. Elizabeth Cagulanas, RVM, Sis. Ma. Consuelo Recio, RVM; Ambrosio Masangkay, Alfonso Oliveros and Atty. Francisco C. Gedang Sr.

The liberation of Antipolo from the Japanese forces was bloody and devastating. On February 17, 1945, Mambugan, Antipolo was heavily bombarded by American planes. Antipolo residents evacuated to Sitio Colaique and up to the towns of Angono, Santolan and Marikina. To protect the image from being destroyed, Procopio Angeles, then the sacristan mayor, and members of the community brought with them the Virgin of Antipolo. The bombings on March 6–7, 1945, destroyed the church, and after twelve days of battle, the combined American and Filipino soldiers under the United States Army, Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary and aided the local recognized guerrillas of the Hunters ROTC and Marking's Filipino-American Troops (MFAT) liberated the town on March 12, 1945. The general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary was stationed in Antipolo from March 1945 to June 1946 was built today and operates during and after the war was fought the Japanese and they helping guerrillas and Allies. After the war, a temporary church was built and the Virgin of Antipolo was returned from the Quiapo Church on October 15, 1945.

Postcolonial period[edit]

Antipolo Cathedral

Religious devotees began to flock to the town, and on May 6, 1947, the first procession of the Virgin of Antipolo was held, starting at the hills of Pinagmisahan. In the following year, a national committee was formed to undertake a nationwide fund-raising campaign to rebuild the Cathedral of Antipolo.

On June 15, 1952, Hinulugang Taktak was proclaimed a National Park by Pres. Elpidio Quirino, and on January 14, 1954, the Bishops of the Philippines proclaimed the Cathedral of Antipolo as the national shrine of the Virgin of Antipolo.

In the 1960s the town proper, or poblacion, was widened and the Sumulong Highway was constructed. In the 1970s, the Marikina-Infanta Road, better known as the Marcos Highway, was constructed, traversing the mountains of Antipolo.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo was created on June 25, 1983, with Rev. Protacio G. Gungon, D.D. as the first bishop of the diocese.


On February 13, 1998, Republic Act No. 8508 was enacted, converting Antipolo into a component city. The conversion of the city was ratified in a plebiscite less than two months later on April 4, 1998.

A new provincial capitol for Rizal province was inaugurated in the city on March 4, 2009, though Antipolo was not yet officially designated as the capital of the province.[18][19]

Highly urbanized city[edit]

On March 14, 2011, then-President Benigno Aquino III declared the city as a "highly-urbanized city" according to Proclamation No. 124 s. 2011.[9] However, the proclamation has yet to be ratified in a plebiscite.


On June 19, 2020, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11475, a law transferring the capital and seat of government of the province of Rizal from Pasig to Antipolo. The law took effect 15 days after the official publication in newspaper of general circulation or in the Official Gazette. The official publication is June 22, 2020, and took effect on July 7, 2020. From 1901 up to that year, Pasig served as the de jure capital of the province of Rizal. But in 1975, it became part of Metro Manila and the capital and the seat of government remained in Pasig until 2009 when the provincial capitol was transferred to Antipolo with the new buildings as mentioned.


Antipolo is in the northern half of Rizal Province, close to its meridional center.[20] It is located on the slopes of the Sierra Madre Mountain Range. Much of the city sits on a plateau averaging 200 meters. It has the second-largest city area in the province, with an area of 156.68 km2. The northern and southern sections of the city are in the dense forest areas of the Sierra Madre.[21]

Antipolo is landlocked; it is bounded to the north by San Mateo and Rodriguez, to the east by Tanay, to the south by Angono, Taytay and Teresa, and to the west by Cainta and Marikina in Metro Manila.

The Bitukang Manok of Pasig—also known as the Parian Creek—had once linked the Marikina River with the Antipolo River before the Manggahan Floodway was built in 1986.[22] The Parian Creek was actually connected to the Sapang Bato-Buli Creek (which serves as the boundary between Pasig's barangays Dela Paz-Manggahan-Rosario-Santa Lucia and the Municipality of Cainta), the Kasibulan Creek (situated at Vista Verde, Barangay San Isidro, Cainta), the Palanas Creek (leaving Antipolo through Barangay Muntindilao), the Bulaw Creek (on Barangay Mambungan, besides the Valley Golf and Country Club), and the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls of Barangay Dela Paz (fed by the Taktak Creek passing close to the Antipolo town square), thus being the detached and long-abandoned Antipolo River.

From the early 17th century up to the period of Japanese imperialism, over a thousand Catholic devotees coming from "Maynilad" (Manila), "Hacienda Pineda" (Pasay), "San Juan del Monte", "Hacienda de Mandaloyon" (Mandaluyong), "Hacienda Mariquina" (Marikina), "Barrio Pateros", "Pueblo de Tagig" (Taguig), and "San Pedro de Macati" (Makati), followed the trail of the Parian Creek to the Pilgrimage Cathedral on the mountainous pueblo of Antipolo, Morong (the present-day Rizal Province).

The Antipoleños and several locals from the far-reached barrios of "Poblacion de San Mateo", "Montalban" (Rodriguez), "Monte de Tanhai" (Tanay), "Santa Rosa-Oroquieta" (Teresa), and "Punta Ibayo" (Baras), had also navigated this freshwater creek once to go down to the vast "Kapatagan" (Rice plains) of lowland Pasig. Even the marian processions of the Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage passed this route back and forth eleven times.

The creek was also used during the British occupation of Manila from 1762 to 1764 by the British Army, under the leadership of General William Draper and Vice Admiral Sir Samuel Cornish, 1st Baronet, to transport their troops (including the Sepoys they brought from India) upstream to take over the nearby forest-surrounded villages of Cainta and Taytay. They even did an ambush at the "Plaza Central" in front of the Pasig Cathedral, and turned the Roman Catholic parish into their military headquarters, with the church's fortress-like "campanilla" (belfry) serving as a watchtower against Spanish defenders sailing from the walled city of Intramuros via the Pasig River.

The Sepoys turned against their British lieutenants and sided with the combined forces of the Spanish conquistadors (assigned by the Governor-General Simon de Anda y Salazar), local rice farmers, fisherfolk, and Chinese traders. After the British invasion, the Sepoys remained and intermarried with Filipina women, which explains the Indian features of some of today's citizens of Pasig, especially Cainta and Taytay.


Climate data for Antipolo City, Rizal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
Average low °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 4.8 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 174.9
Source: Meteoblue[23]


Political map of Antipolo

Antipolo is politically divided into 16 barangays. The area where the boundaries of Barangays Dela Paz, San Isidro, San Jose and San Roque meet is the city proper or locally referred to as bayan.

Barangays District Population
Area (ha) Density (/km2)
Bagong Nayon 1st 45,976 301.34 15,257
Beverly Hills 1st 1,562 28.76 5,431
Calawis 2nd 5,709 5,581.12 102
Cupang 2nd 113,613 568.23 19,994
Dalig 2nd 52,222 406.48 14,473
Dela Paz (Poblacion) 1st 68,946 597.99 11,530
Inarawan 2nd 22,894 959.90 2,385
Mambugan 1st 52,479 368.21 14,252
Mayamot 1st 50,421 540.74 9,324
Muntindilaw[25] 1st 11,644 473.11 2,461
San Isidro (Poblacion) 1st 64,136 479.70 13,368
San Jose (Poblacion) 2nd 103,051 13,787.77 747
San Juan 2nd 8,671 3,327.69 261
San Luis 2nd 53,230 502.99 10,583
San Roque (Poblacion) 2nd 58,840 723.25 8,135
Santa Cruz 1st 62,992 725.52 8,682


Population census of Antipolo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,286—    
1918 6,076+4.18%
1939 6,135+0.05%
1948 7,604+2.41%
1960 21,598+9.09%
1970 26,508+2.07%
1975 40,944+9.11%
1980 68,912+10.97%
1990 205,096+11.53%
1995 345,512+10.27%
2000 470,866+6.86%
2007 633,971+4.19%
2010 677,741+2.46%
2015 776,386+2.62%
2020 887,399+2.66%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[24][26][27][28]

Antipolo's population in the 2015 census was enumerated at 776,386 inhabitants. It grew at an annual rate of 4.19 percent from the 2000 figure. Annual population growth rate has slowed relatively remains above the annual national average of 2.04 percent.[29] The 2007 figure is three times the population of the city in 1990.

Residents of the city are mainly Tagalogs. Very minor communities of the indigenous Dumagat people are found in Barangay Calawis and sitios Old Boso-Boso, San Isidro, San Jose and Kaysakat in Barangay San Jose.[30][31]


Antipolo City downtown

Antipolo is classified as a First Class City as of last local government income classification of the Department of Finance in 2008.[39]045802000 In 2007, the city registered a total revenue of 993.1 million, an increase of 5.6 percent from the previous fiscal year; in 2010 this amount has grown to ₱1.56 billion.[9] Its proximity to Metro Manila has continuously spurred the growth of the real estate industry and by 2007, revenue from real property taxes has ballooned by 32.1 percent from 2006 to ₱146.2 million as there are also about 456 residential subdivisions in the city.[40]


Local government[edit]

City hall

Similar to other cities in the Philippines, the government structure of Antipolo is prescribed in the Local Government Code of 1991, and further codified in its city charter. It is headed by a city mayor, who serves as its chief executive and exercises overall supervision of its administrative agencies.

Its second-highest official, the city vice mayor, primarily serves as presiding officer of the Sangguniang Panlungsod and assumes the position of city mayor in the event of its vacancy. As presiding officer of the Sangguniang Panlungsod, the vice mayor does not vote except in cases to break a tie.

The city's Sangguniang Panlungsod or city council is composed of 16 elected members, two ex officio officers and an option to have at most three sectoral representatives. The 16 barangays Antipolo is divided into are grouped into two districts. Each of these districts elect at-large eight city councilors, while the two ex officio officers are the city's Liga ng mga Barangay president and Sangguniang Kabataan Federation president.

Apart from legislating city ordinances, it also reviews the ordinances enacted by its barangays and makes recommendations for modification if they are found to be inconsistent with existing laws and city ordinances. On the other hand, ordinances and certain resolutions of the Sangguniang Panlungsod are transmitted to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Rizal for compliance review.

Elective city officials serve a term of three years and may serve up to three consecutive terms.

Congress representation[edit]

Antipolo's barangays are grouped into two legislative districts. Each district elects a representative each to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and the House of Representatives.[41]

List of former chief executives[edit]

No. Mayor In office
1 Valentin Sumulong 1901–1904
2 Tranquilino Oldan 1904–1907
3 Severino Oliveros 1907–1909
4 Francisco Dimanlig 1909–1911
5 Ambrocio Masangkay 1912–1914
6 Roberto de Jesus 1914–1916
7 Federico Asuncion 1916–1918
8 Sixto Pedracio 1916–1918
9 Cornelio Lawis 1918–1920
10 Jose Carigma 1920–1926
11 Marcelino Santos 1927–1931
12 Pascual Oliveros 1931–1944
(11) Marcelino Santos 1945–1946
13 Isaias Tapales[42] 1946–1964
14 Francisco de Jesus 1964–1967
15 Jose R. Oliveros 1968–1986
16 Felix Mariñas 1986–1988
17 Daniel Garcia 1988–1998
18 Angelito C. Gatlabayan 1998–2007
19 Victor Sumulong 2007–2009
20 Danilo O. Leyble 2009–2013
21 Casimiro "Jun" Ynares III 2013–2019
22 Andrea Bautista-Ynares 2019–2022
(21) Casimiro "Jun" Ynares III 2022–incumbent


The Department of Education maintains a school division in Antipolo, which supervises the 65 public schools (45 elementary schools, 20 high schools) in addition to 193 accredited private schools.

There are four universities/college operating satellite campuses in the city, the state-run University of Rizal System, Antipolo Institute of Technology, De La Salle College of Saint Benilde and Our Lady of Fatima University.

Public schools[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ City of Antipolo | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "6 reasons why living in Antipolo can make you feel on top of the world". The Philippine Star. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  6. ^ "Region 4A (CALABARZON) | Philippines Cities". Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  7. ^ Juris, The Corpus (February 13, 1998). "R.A. No. 8508: An Act Converting the Municipality of Antipolo into a Component City to be Known as the City of Antipolo". The Corpus Juris. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  8. ^ Board wants Antipolo officially named capital of Rizal. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
  9. ^ a b c "Presidential Proclamation No. 124" (PDF). Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  10. ^ Aguilar, Krissy (June 22, 2020). "Duterte transfers capital, seat of gov't of Rizal from Pasig City to Antipolo City". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  11. ^ "Antipolo Pilgrimage". Traveler on Foot. May 13, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  12. ^ Welcome to Antipolo City, Rizal, Philippines Archived November 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
  13. ^ – The Church. Access on October 23, 2009.
  14. ^ Antipolo Local Customs. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
  15. ^ New Car Blessing at Antipolo | Philippine Travel Blog Archived August 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
  16. ^ – Hinulugang Taktak gets a P100-M makeover. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
  17. ^ Act No. 942 (October 12, 1903). An Act Reducing the Thirty-Two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  18. ^ Rosario, Ben (September 23, 2017). "Bill seeks to make Antipolo City the capital of Rizal". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  19. ^ "An Act Transferring the Capital and Seat of Government of the Province of Rizal from Pasig City to Antipolo City, Rizal". House Bill No. 3046 of August 17, 2016 (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  20. ^ "Facts and Figures". Archived from the original on March 1, 2020. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  21. ^ "The Sierra Madre Hotel and Resort". Appetizing Adventure. April 17, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  22. ^ "DPWH's Villar moves closer to building 10 bridges in MM". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  23. ^ "Antipolo: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  24. ^ a b Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  25. ^ Batas Pambansa Blg. 792 Archived June 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  27. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.
  28. ^ "Province of Rizal". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  29. ^ NSCB – Statistics – Population and Housing Archived January 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
  30. ^ 350 Dumagats get aid. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
  31. ^ CFCA Update November 2007 . Retrieved November 10, 2009. Archived August 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  33. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  34. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  35. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  36. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  37. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  38. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  39. ^ "Income Classification Per DOF Order No. 23-08, dated July 29, 2008" (PDF). Department of Finance – Bureau of Local Government Finance. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 31, 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  40. ^ Economic Profile[dead link]. Retrieved October 15, 2009.
  41. ^ "Republic Act No. 9232". Archived from the original on January 20, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2009.
  42. ^ Philippine News Agency (November 14, 1959). "Liberals win 5 more seats". The Manila Times. The Manila Times Publishing Company, Inc. Reelectionist Isaias Tapales won the mayoralty race in this hometown of Sen. Lorenzo Sumulong with a plurality of 128 votes over his closest rival, Jose Oliveros.

External links[edit]