The gens Antistia, sometimes written Antestia, originally was a patrician family of Gabii. In the Republican period the gens became a plebeian family at Rome, and some branches were later admitted to the Roman patriciate during the first decades of the empire (see below).
The oldest families of the Antistii used the praenomina Sextus, Lucius, and Marcus. In the later Republic, members of the gens also used Publius, Titus, Gaius, and Quintus. The Antistii Veteres used primarily Gaius and Lucius.
Branches and cognomina
In the earlier ages of the Republic, none of the members of the gens appear with any cognomen or surname, and even in later times they are sometimes mentioned without one. The surnames under the Republic are Labeo, Reginus, and Vetus. The latter was the greatest family of the Antistii, and held several consulships from the time of Augustus to that of Antoninus Pius.
Members of the gens
- Antistius Petro of Gabii, concluded a treaty with Rome in the reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
- Sextus Antistius, tribune of the people in 422 BC.
- Lucius Antistius, tribunus militum consulari potestate in 379 BC.
- Marcus Antistius, tribunus plebis circa 320 BC.
- Marcus Antistius, sent in 218 BC. to the north of Italy to recall Gaius Flaminius, the consul elect, to Rome.
- Sextus Antistius, sent in 208 BC. into Gaul to watch the movements of Hasdrubal.
- Antistia, wife of Appius Claudius Pulcher, and mother-in-law of Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus.
- Publius Antistius, tribunus plebis in 88 BC, put to death by order of the younger Marius in 82.
- Antistia P. f., the first wife of Gnaeus Pompeius, who divorced her on the orders of Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
- Titus Antistius, quaestor in Macedonia in BC 50, remained neutral during the Civil War.
- Gaius Antistius Reginus, one of Caesar's legates in Gaul.
- Antistius, the physician who examined the body of Caesar after his murder in 44 BC.
- Antistius Sosianus, praetor in AD 62, banished at the commencement of Nero's reign.
- Quintus Antistius Adventus, a general under Lucius Verus, who later served as governor of Roman Britain from about AD 175 to 178.
- Lucius Antistius Burrus, son-in-law of Marcus Aurelius, he was consul in AD 181, but put to death in 188 for joining a conspiracy against Commodus.
- Antistius, a writer of Greek epigrams, three of which are preserved in the Greek Anthology.
- Quintus Antistius Labeo, a Roman jurist, and disciple of Servius Sulpicius Rufus. One of the murderers of Caesar in defense of the Republic, Antistius had himself killed after witnessing the Battle of Philippi.
- Marcus Antistius Q. f. Labeo, a jurist in the time of Augustus. Son of Quintus Antistius Labeo and like-minded partisan of the Republic, he refused the Consulship offered by Augustus because of his political views.
Members of the gens Antistia with the cognomina Vetus were admitted to the Roman patriciate by Augustus in 29.
- Antistius Vetus, propraetor in Hispania Ulterior about 68 BC, under whom Caesar served as quaestor.
- Gaius Antistius Vetus, a supporter of Caesar, and consul suffectus in 30 BC.
- Gaius Antistius C. f. Vetus, pontifex, and consul in 6 BC.
- Gaius Antistius C. f. C. n. Vetus, consul in AD 23.
- Lucius Antistius C. f. C. n. Vetus, consul suffectus in AD 28.
- Gaius Antistius (C. f. C. n.) Vetus, consul in AD 50, during the reign of Claudius.
- Lucius Antistius (C. f. C. n.) Vetus, consul in AD 55.
- Antistia L. f. (C. n.), wife of Gaius Rubellius Plautus.
- Gaius Antistius Vetus, consul in AD 96.
- Antistius Vetus, consul in AD 116.
- Antistius Vetus, consul in AD 150.
- The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3 rev. ed.), Edited by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780198606413.001.0001/acref-9780198606413-e-535 Accessed 20-2-2014; Universal Historical Dictionary: Or Explanation of the Names of ..., Vol. 1, by George Crabb, http://books.google.com/books?id=uVZBAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA100 Accessed 2-20-2014
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
- Universal Historical Dictionary: Or Explanation of the Names of ..., Volume 1, By George Crabb. http://books.google.com/books?id=uVZBAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA100 Accessed 22 Feb., 2014; cf. Dionys. Hal. 1.4
- Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita iv. 42.
- Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita vi. 30.
- Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxvi. 33, ix. 12.
- Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxi. 63.
- Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxvii. 36.
- Plutarchus, Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans Tiberius Gracchus 4.
- Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum Julius Caesar 82.
- Andreas Krieckhaus: Senatorische Familien und ihre patriae (1./2. Jahrhundert n. Chr.). Kovač, Hamburg 2006, ISBN 3-8300-1836-3, pp. 116–126.
- A Companion to Marcus Aurelius, edited by Marcel van Ackeren, 236-7, http://books.google.com/books?id=nsdkQA735p4C&pg=PA236 Accessed 22 Feb., 2014
- Jacobs, ad Anthol. Gr. xiii. p. 852.
- Schol. ad Horat. Sat. i. 3. 83; Plut. Brut. 12; Appian, B. C. iv. 135.
- http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/marco-antistio-labeone/ Accessed 8 March, 2014
- Ethnic Identity and Aristocratic Competition in Republican Rome, By Gary D. Farney, 288. http://books.google.com/books?id=jdFF_Pc7GPMC&pg=PA288&lpg=PA288&dq=%22antistii+veteres%22&source=bl&ots=sWE1AGDeev&sig=1xdx5aHE1U39NLOEcZjcVbHeP-k&hl=en&sa=X&ei=SEIIU-7dKoakyQHg4oGoCw&ved=0CEQQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=%22antistii%20veteres%22&f=false Accessed 22 Feb., 2014
- Marcus Velleius Paterculus, Compendium of Roman History ii. 43.
- Plutarchus, Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans Caesar 5.
- Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum Caesar 7.
- Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus, Roman History lv. 9.
- Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales iv. 17.
- Sextus Julius Frontinus, De Aquaeductu 102.
- Fasti Capitolini
- Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales xxi. 25.
- Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus, Roman History lxvii. 14.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.