Antje Jackelén

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The Most Reverend
Antje Jackelén
Archbishop of Uppsala
Primate of Sweden
Antje Jackelén 2011.jpg
Church Church of Sweden
Archdiocese Archdiocese of Uppsala
Elected 15 October 2013
Installed 15 June 2014
Predecessor Anders Wejryd
Orders
Ordination 1980
Consecration 15 April 2007
Personal details
Birth name Antje Zöllner
Born (1955-06-04) 4 June 1955 (age 61)
Herdecke, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
Nationality Swedish and German
Denomination Lutheran (Church of Sweden)
Spouse Heinz Jackelén
Children 2
Previous post Bishop of Lund (2007–2014)
Alma mater
Motto Gud är större ("God is greater") [1][2]

Antje Jackelén (German: [ˈʔantjə jakəˈleːn]; Swedish: [ˈanɕɛ jakəˈleːn]; born 4 June 1955) is the Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala in Sweden and Primate (prima inter pares) of the Church of Sweden. On October 15, 2013, she was elected the 70th Archbishop of Uppsala and formally received through a service in Uppsala Cathedral on June 15, 2014, making her Sweden's first foreign-born archbishop since the 12th century, and the first female archbishop.[3][4]

Jackelén was ordained a priest in the Church of Sweden in 1980 and became Doctor of Theology at Lund University in 1999. Previously she was Bishop of Lund from 2007 to 2014.

Biography[edit]

Jackelén was born June 4, 1955 in Herdecke, West Germany. She studied Lutheran theology at the University of Tübingen and Uppsala University.

Jackelén served as a priest in Tyresö parish in the Diocese of Stockholm 1981–1988, in Gårdstånga parish in the Diocese of Lund 1988–1994 and in the Cathedral parish of Lund 1995–1996. After finishing her doctorate, she worked at Lund University 1999–2001 and was assistant professor of Systematic Theology/Religion and Science at the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago 2001–2003. From 2003 she was Associate Professor and Director of the Zygon Center for Religion and Science until 2007.

Jackelén was elected Bishop of Lund in 2006, and succeeded Christina Odenberg in 2007. Odenberg had been the first woman to become a bishop in the Church of Sweden, and Jackelén became the third. Jackelén was the first woman to be appointed as bishop after a popular vote in the diocese, the two former (Odenberg in 1997, and Caroline Krook, Bishop of Stockholm, in 1998) having both been appointed by the Swedish government before the separation of the Church of Sweden from the state in 2000. Jackelén was ordained Bishop of Lund by Anders Wejryd, Archbishop of Uppsala, in Uppsala Cathedral on 15 April 2007, and was received in her diocese through a service in Lund Cathedral on 21 April. As her official motto, she chose Gud är större ("God is greater"), referring to a passage in the First Epistle of John (1 John 3.18–20) and this also became the title of her pastoral letter, published in 2011.

As Bishop of Lund, Jackelén was one of the assistant officiants during the state wedding of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, and Daniel Westling, in 2010.[5]

She has served as representative of the Church of Sweden on the Lutheran World Federation council.

Jackelén (center) as Archbishop of Uppsala on 6 September 2015, with Johan Dalman, Bishop of Strängnäs (left), and Mikael Mogren, Bishop of Västerås (right)

She was elected Archbishop of Uppsala on October 15 in 2013 and was officially received in Uppsala Cathedral on June 15, 2014, in the presence of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Queen Silvia of Sweden, after the retirement of Anders Wejryd.[6] In March 2014, Johan Tyrberg was elected to succeed her as Bishop of Lund.

On Monday, May 4, 2015, she had an official audience with Pope Francis. This makes her the first woman and archbishop to be welcomed at the Vatican.[7] Her and the Pope's churches, while having very important and major differences (the stances on the state of ordination and the clergy, Marian beliefs, and their stances on some contemporary social issues, for example), did publish a document on the push toward theological dialogue and communion regarding the anniversary of the Protestant Reformation. She has several points of agreement, notably on evolution and the climate, the need for dialogue between science and religion, and the need to care for the poor, and to support some continued role for the Churches in public life, even in secularized societies which tend to want to separate the two.[8]

Publications[edit]

Her doctoral dissertation Zeit und Ewigkeit: die Frage der Zeit in Kirche, Naturwissenschaft und Theologie (Lund 1999) was later republished on Neukirchener Verlag under the same title in 2002. A Swedish translation came in 2000 and an English translation Time & eternity: the question of time in church, science, and theology was published in 2005. She was the speaker at the 2003 Goshen Conference on Religion and Science, a conference that features noted academics in the field of religion and science. The proceedings were published by Pandora Press.

Private life[edit]

Antje and Heinz Jackelén during the royal wedding gala in 2010.

Her husband, Heinz Jackelén, is a retired priest, also originally from Germany, and they have two daughters and several grandchildren. The couple met as undergraduate theology students at Uppsala University. The name Jackelén is believed to come from French-German Huguenot ancestors. The couple lives in the Archbishop's official residence (Ärkebiskopsgården) in Uppsala.[3]

Theological views[edit]

Jackelén has published several works which deal with the relationship between the natural sciences and religious faith, as well as the role of religion in modern society. She endorses the theory of evolution and sees no contradiction in believing both in God and in evolution.[9][10][11][12][13]

She has also in an interview with Swedish Christian newspaper Dagen stated that the virgin birth of Jesus is a "mythological term to explain the unique. Those who interpret the virgin birth as a biological issue have completely missed the point."[14] She later clarified her statement as being intended to emphasise that in her view, neither a strictly literal interpretation of the virgin birth, nor a rejection of the virgin birth on the grounds of scientific impossibility, can capture the theological tradition surrounding the virgin birth.[15]

She supports same-sex marriage in church, while calling for the state to support the institution of marriage as such.[16]

Political positions[edit]

Jackelén has spoken out against a ban on school graduation ceremonies in churches, believing a total ban on religious influences in public schools to be detrimental to the spiritual development of children, while emphasising the role of the Church of Sweden in Swedish civil society.[17] Together with the bishops' conference she has also addressed climate change in a Bishops' letter, calling for the members of the Church of Sweden as well as the Swedish state to set goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and for Sweden to enter binding international agreements on the issue.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1 John 3.18–20
  2. ^ Church of Sweden: Bishop Antje Jackelén's motto – God is greater
  3. ^ a b Svenska Dagbladet :Klimatet är en högst teologisk fråga. June 15, 2014.
  4. ^ Fox News/Associated Press: Sweden elects its first female archbishop, the German-born bishop of Lund
  5. ^ "Officiating clergymen appointed for wedding between Crown Princess Victoria and Mr Daniel Westling". Swedish Royal House. 
  6. ^ "The King and Queen and The Crown Princess attend the archiepiscopal ordination of Antje Jackelén". Swedish Royal House. 
  7. ^ "Vatican: Pope Francis meets with female Archbishop". Pulse.ng. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  8. ^ http://www.microsofttranslator.com/bv.aspx?from=&to=en&a=http%3A%2F%2Fpress.vatican.va%2Fcontent%2Fsalastampa%2Fen%2Fbollettino%2Fpubblico%2F2015%2F05%2F04%2F0333%2F00729.html
  9. ^ Antje Jackelen elected Sweden's first woman archbishop 15.10.2013 BBC News
  10. ^ Sweden elects first female archbishop 15.10.2013 The Local
  11. ^ Antje Jackelen is Sweden’s first female Archbishop 16.10.2013 CERF Institute
  12. ^ Sweden Follows Suit, Elects Jackelen As First Female Archbishop 18.10.2013 World Religion News
  13. ^ Church of Sweden chooses first female archbishop 17.10.2013 Ecumenical News
  14. ^ Antje Jackelén becomes Sweden's first female archbishop after historic Church election 16.10.2013 Radio Sweden
  15. ^ Jackelén, A. Svenska Dagbladet. Jesustron ska inte reduceras till biologi 23 October 2013
  16. ^ Jackelén, A. Svenska Dagbladet. Äktenskapet inte sämre för att fler inkluderas July 28, 2009
  17. ^ Svenska Dagbladet: Unga får signalen att kyrkan kan vara farlig. December 2, 2012.
  18. ^ Church of Sweden: : A Bishops’ letter about the climate (pdf)

External links[edit]

Titles in Lutheranism
Preceded by
Christina Odenberg
Bishop of Lund
2007–2014
Succeeded by
Johan Tyrberg
Preceded by
Anders Wejryd
Archbishop of Uppsala
and Primate of Sweden

2014–present
Incumbent