Antoine Clot

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Antoine Barthelemy Clot (1793-1868)
Portrait of Doctor Clot-Bey in Egyptian Army uniform.

Antoine Barthelemy Clot (7 November 1793 – 28 August 1868) was a French physician known as Clot Bey while practicing in Egypt.


He was born at Grenoble, and graduated in medicine and surgery at Montpellier.

Efforts in Egypt[edit]

Clot Bey in Egyptian army uniform teaching the first modern Anatomy lesson at Abu-Zaabal on 20 June 1829. The lesson was attended by some Shiekhs from al-Azhar.

During the French occupation of Egypt, Napoleon designated Kasr al-Aini a hospital for his troops in 1799, and then afterwards proposed the opening of a school to teach local Egyptian students the medicine required to treat the troops. This is how, after practicing for a time at Marseilles, he was made chief surgeon to Muhammad Ali Pasha, viceroy of Egypt, at Abu Zabal, near Cairo.[1] Afterwards, in Kasr Alaini, he founded a hospital and schools for all branches of medical instruction, as well as for the study of the French language; and, notwithstanding the most serious religious difficulties, instituted the study of anatomy (see his photo teaching[2]) by means of dissection. In 1832 Muhammad Ali gave him the dignity of bey without requiring him to abjure his religion; and in 1836 he received the rank of general, and was appointed head of the medical administration of the country.

Return to France[edit]

In 1849 he returned to Marseilles, though he revisited Egypt in 1856.

End of life[edit]

Tomb of Clot-bey at Marsilles, France.

He died at Marseilles in 1868, aged 74.

His publications included:

  • Relation des epidemies de cholera qui ont regne de l'Heggaz, a Suez, et en Egypte (1832)
  • De La Peste observe en Egypte (1840)
  • Apercu general sur l'Egypte (1840)
  • Coup d'oeil sur la peste et les quarantaines (1851)
  • De l'ophthalmie (1864)
  • Leçon sur la peste d'Egypte



  1. ^ Myntti. "Medical Education: The Struggle for Relevance". Middle East Report. 161. doi:10.2307/3012742. 
  2. ^ "Photo of Clot Bey teaching anatomy". Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 12 July 2008. Retrieved 11 July 2008. 
  3. ^ "Clot Bey street in Egypt tour". National Geographic Traveler. Retrieved 12 July 2008. [dead link]

3. Aboul-Enein BH & Puddy W. Contributions of Antoine Barthélémy Clot (1793-1868): A historiographical reflection of public health in Ottoman Egypt. Journal of Medical Biography, 2015. doi: 10.1177/0967772015584708