Efforts in Egypt
During the French occupation of Egypt, Napoleon designated Kasr al-Aini a hospital for his troops in 1799, and then afterwards proposed the opening of a school to teach local Egyptian students the medicine required to treat the troops. This is how, after practicing for a time at Marseilles, he was made chief surgeon to Muhammad Ali Pasha, viceroy of Egypt, at Abu Zabal, near Cairo. Afterwards, in Kasr Alaini, he founded a hospital and schools for all branches of medical instruction, as well as for the study of the French language; and, notwithstanding the most serious religious difficulties, instituted the study of anatomy (see his photo teaching) by means of dissection. In 1832 Muhammad Ali gave him the dignity of bey without requiring him to abjure his religion; and in 1836 he received the rank of general, and was appointed head of the medical administration of the country.
Return to France
In 1849 he returned to Marseilles, though he revisited Egypt in 1856.
End of life
He died at Marseilles in 1868, aged 74.
His publications included:
- Relation des epidemies de cholera qui ont regne de l'Heggaz, a Suez, et en Egypte (1832)
- De La Peste observe en Egypte (1840)
- Apercu general sur l'Egypte (1840)
- Coup d'oeil sur la peste et les quarantaines (1851)
- De l'ophthalmie (1864)
- Leçon sur la peste d'Egypte
- A street in his hometown of Grenoble was named after him.
- A street in down town Cairo was named after him.
- Many statues of him are present at Kasr El Aini Hospital and in its museum.
- The thick-billed lark (Rhamphocoris clotbey), a North African and Middle Eastern desert bird, was named in Clot's honor by naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte.
- Myntti. "Medical Education: The Struggle for Relevance". Middle East Report. 161. doi:10.2307/3012742.
- "Photo of Clot Bey teaching anatomy". Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 12 July 2008. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
- "Clot Bey street in Egypt tour". National Geographic Traveler. Retrieved 12 July 2008.[dead link]
3. Aboul-Enein BH & Puddy W. Contributions of Antoine Barthélémy Clot (1793-1868): A historiographical reflection of public health in Ottoman Egypt. Journal of Medical Biography, 2015. doi: 10.1177/0967772015584708