Antoine Petit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Antoine Petit
Atoine Petit.jpg
Antoine Petit drawn and engraved by Charles-François-Adrien Macret in 1775
Born (1722-07-23)23 July 1722
Orléans (France)
Died 21 October 1794(1794-10-21) (aged 72)
Olivet (France)
Citizenship  France
Alma mater University of Paris
Known for several articles for the Diderot and d'Alembert Encyclopédie
Scientific career
Fields Anatomy, surgery and childbirth
Institutions Jardin du Roi, University of Paris
Thesis  (1746)
Influenced Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, Félix Vicq d'Azyr

Antoine Petit (23 July 1722 – 21 October 1794) was a French physician, master of Joseph-Ignace Guillotin and Félix Vicq d'Azyr.


Antoine Petit, born in Orléans, was the son of a tailor. He received a disciplined education and, after studying at the Orléans college, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Paris where he received his doctorate in 1746.[1]

Soon he became a good teacher and lecturer in anatomy, surgery and childbirth.[2]

The accurateness of his diagnosis made him famous and he got a very busy practise, drawing people from every part of France, even of Europa.[3]

He was appointed anatomy professor at Jardin du Roi from 1769 to 1778. In the University of Paris, he founded a chair of anatomy[4] then a chair of surgery. The professors, engaged and appointed by the University, had to teach for ten years then made way for younger. He was a member of French Academy of Sciences and wrote several articles for the Diderot and d'Alembert Encyclopédie.[5]

Antoine Petit amassed a significant wealth then, because he had no child, spent a part to found places that accord medical treatment. He spent more than 100,000 French livres to Orléans city: he appointed four physicians and two surgeons for free health care for sick people and those in every kind of need, in a house he built in this purpose.[1] On market days, they took care of those from the country.

In the same way, he appointed two lawyers and a prosecutor who involved towards the poor.[6]

In Fontenay-aux-Roses, he donated a building to house the municipality medical officer.

He died in Olivet, on 1794.



  • A street bears his name in Fontenay-aux-Roses.


  1. ^ a b Gourdol, Jean-Yves (2012). "Antoine Petit" (in French). Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  2. ^ (in French) Un cours de médecine d'Antoine Petit en 1768
  3. ^ "Eloge d'Antoine Petit, docteur-régent de la Faculté de médecine en la ci-devant Université de Paris" (in French). Paris: chez Gueffier. 1797. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Jean-Jacques Peumery (2001). "Vicq d'Azyr et la Révolution française" (pdf) (in French). Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Kafker, Frank A.: Notices sur les auteurs des 17 volumes de « discours » de l'Encyclopédie (suite et fin). Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie Année (1990) Volume 8 Numéro 8 p. 110
  6. ^ Larousse, Pierre (1866–1877). "Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle : français, historique, géographique, mythologique, bibliographique.... T. 12" (pdf) (in French). Bibliothèque nationale de France. p. 715. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 

External links[edit]