Antoine de Paris
|Antoine de Paris|
24 December 1884
|Died||5 July 1976
Antoni "Antek" Cierplikowski (Polish pronunciation: [anˈtɔni t͡ɕɛrpliˈkɔfski]; 1884 – 1976) was a Polish hairdresser who became the world's first celebrity hairdresser when he opened the salon Antoine de Paris in Paris and became known as Monsieur Antoine. Among his clients were world-famous female personalities like Coco Chanel, Queen Marie of Romania, Sarah Bernhardt, Greta Garbo, U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and Brigitte Bardot.
Cierplikowski was born in Sieradz, Poland, and learnt hairdressing by working for his uncle in Łódź. In December 1901, he moved to Paris, France. He married Berthe Astier on 24 January 1909 in London, England, where they were both learning English.
After moving to Paris, Cierplikowski worked in the salon at Galeries Lafayette. During the summer season, he worked in Deauville, following the high society of Paris who vacationed there. In 1904, he created a stylish coiffure for Lily de Moure when she lost her fashionable hat. Her appearance without a hat on the arm of a royal prince caused a sensation; other fashionable ladies soon decided to have their hair styled by the man they erroneously dubbed le petit russe (the little Russian).
In 1909, Cierplikowski started a fashion for a short bob cut which was inspired by Joan of Arc. In the 1920s, he introduced the shingle cut which became popular with daring young women — the Bloomsbury set and flappers. In 1924, he dyed his dog's hair blue. This blue hair was taken up by the first professional interior designer, Lady Elsie De Wolfe Mendl, which started a new fad. He created the iconic “garconne” hairstyle for the likes of Coco Chanel, Josephine Baker, and Edith Piaf. His creations were rumoured to cost up to 500 francs - more than £1,000 in today's money. In the 1930s, he introduced blonde highlights and a style of upswept hair.[page needed]
In 1924, Cierplikowski opened a salon at Saks Fifth Avenue in New York which became the most fashionable hair salon in America. Other famous hairdressers, including Sydney Guilaroff, established their reputations there.[page needed] The peak of Antoine's career was the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1937, when he supervised 400 coiffures in one night.
After the death of his wife in 1973, Cierplikowski returned to his birthplace, Sieradz, where he died in July 1976.
- Hubert Demory (2006), Monsieur Antoine: grand maître de la haute coiffure française, l'Harmattan, ISBN 978-2-296-01549-4
- Sibierski, Mary (2012-08-09). "'Monsieur Antoine' was originally from Poland". Times of Malta. Retrieved 2016-09-28.
- Steven Zdatny (1999), Hairstyles and fashion: a hairdresser's history of Paris, 1910-1920
- "Bob haircut celebrates 100th birthday", The Daily Telegraph, 9 Jan 2009
- Zhang Pengfei, Antoine De Paris feted in Poland, CCTV.com
- Hairdressers Journal International (2012), Hairdressing Icons: Antoine de Paris
- Victoria Sherrow (January 3, 2012), Encyclopedia of hair