Antoinette IV

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Antoinette IV
Antoinette4.jpg
Antoinette IV in flight
Role Experimental aircraft
Manufacturer Antoinette
Designer Léon Levavasseur
First flight 19 October 1908
Number built 1

The Antoinette IV was an early French monoplane. It was a high-wing aircraft with a fuselage of extremely narrow triangular cross-section and a cruciform tail. Power was provided by a V8 engine of Léon Levavasseur's own design driving a paddle-bladed tractor propeller. Lateral control was at first effected with large triangular, and shortly afterwards trapezoidal-planform ailerons hinged to the trailing edge of the wings, although wing-warping was substituted at an early stage in flight trials, and in this type proved more effective.

On 19 February 1909, the Antoinette IV flew 5 km (3.1 mi) at Mourmelon-le-Grand, and on 19 July, Hubert Latham attempted to cross the English Channel in it, covering 11 km (6.8 mi) out of Sangatte before making a forced water landing due to engine failure.

On 3 October 1910, Frenchman René Thomas, flying the Antoinette IV, collided with British Army Captain Bertram Dickson by ramming his Farman III biplane in the rear.[1] Both pilots survived, but Dickson was so badly injured that he never flew again.[2][3][4]

Specifications[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Length: 11.50 m (37 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.80 m (42 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 50 m2 (538 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 250 kg (550 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Antoinette 8V, 37 kW (50 hp)

Performance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Villard, Henry Serrano (1 January 1968). CONTACT! The Story of the Early Birds Man's first decade of flight from Kitty Hawk to World War I. Thomas Y. Crowell Co. 
  2. ^ "Aeroplanes in Collision". Popular Mechanics. January 1911. p. 91. 
  3. ^ "The Milan Aviation Meeting, Italy, 1910". Science Museum Pictorial. Science and Society Picture Library. 1910. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Continental Flight Meetings". Flight. 8 October 1910. pp. 828–829. ...the Antoinette monoplane crashed on to the biplane, both machines falling to earth a mass of broken planes and tangled wires. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 63. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. Brightstar Publishing: London. File 889 Sheet 63.
  • Hubert Latham: Windkiller
  • Hubert Latham