Antonín Panenka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antonín Panenka
Panenka in 2019
Personal information
Full name Antonín Panenka
Date of birth (1948-12-02) 2 December 1948 (age 75)
Place of birth Prague, Czechoslovakia
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Position(s) Attacking midfielder
Team information
Current team
Bohemians Prague (chairman)
Youth career
1958–1967 Bohemians Prague
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1967–1981 Bohemians Prague 230 (76)
1981–1985 Rapid Wien 127 (63)
1985–1987 VSE St. Pölten
1987–1989 SK Slovan Wien
1989–1991 ASV Hohenau
1991–1993 Kleinwiesendorf
Total 357 (139)
International career
1973–1982[1] Czechoslovakia 59 (17)
Medal record
Representing  Czechoslovakia
UEFA European Championship
Winner 1976 Yugoslavia
*Club domestic league appearances and goals
Signature of Antonín Panenka (2004)

Antonín Panenka (born 2 December 1948) is a Czech retired footballer who played as an attacking midfielder. He spent most of his career representing Czechoslovak club Bohemians Prague. Panenka won UEFA Euro 1976 with the national team of Czechoslovakia. In the final against West Germany, he notably scored the winning penalty in the shootout with a softly-chipped ball up the middle of the goal as the goalkeeper dove away; a style of penalty now known as a panenka, named after him.[2] In 1980, he won Czechoslovak Footballer of the Year and his team finished third at Euro 1980.

Club career[edit]

An attacking midfielder known for the quality of his passing and his free kicks, Panenka played for Bohemians Prague for most of his career, joining the club in 1967.[3] He was named Czechoslovak Footballer of the Year in 1980.[3] In 1981, Panenka left Bohemians for Austrian club Rapid Wien,[3] where they won two Bundesliga titles and an Austrian Cup. In 1985 Rapid reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final; Panenka played as a substitute, but his side lost 3–1 to Everton. Later that year, Panenka moved to VSE St. Pölten and played two more seasons before moving into the lower leagues in Austria, playing from 1987 to 1989 for Slovan Vienna, from 1989 to 1991 for ASV Hohenau and from 1991 to 1993 for Kleinwiesendorf.

Panenka penalty[edit]

Panenka came to international prominence playing for Czechoslovakia at UEFA Euro 1976, where Czechoslovakia reached the final, facing West Germany. After extra time, the match finished 2–2, and so the first penalty shootout in a European Championships final ensued. The first seven kicks were converted until West Germany's fourth penalty taker, Uli Hoeneß, ballooned his shot over the bar. With the score 4–3, Panenka stepped up to take the fifth Czechoslovakian penalty, to win the match under immense pressure. He feigned shooting to the side of the goal, causing German goalkeeper Sepp Maier dive to his left, and then gently chipped the ball into the middle of the net.[4] The sheer cheek of the goal led a watching French journalist to dub Panenka "a poet" his winning kick is one of the most famous ever, making Panenka's name synonymous with that particular style of penalty kick.[2]

Since 1976 there have been numerous attempts to emulate Panenka, both successfully and others unsuccessfully, at every level of the sporting pyramid across the world, including in critical match winning moments such as international cup finals.[2]

Post-playing career[edit]

Following his career, Panenka worked as a president at former club Bohemians 1905. On 7 October 2020, the club confirmed that Panenka had been admitted to hospital and was in intensive care after testing positive for the novel coronavirus.[5] By mid-October, Panenka's condition had improved and he was discharged to continue his recovery at home.[6]



Rapid Wien





  1. ^ "Antonin Panenka – International Appearances". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.
  2. ^ a b c "The cult of the Panenka penalty". 25 June 2012. Archived from the original on 28 June 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Jeřábek, Luboš (2007). Český a československý fotbal – lexikon osobností a klubů (in Czech). Prague, Czech Republic: Grada Publishing. p. 146. ISBN 978-80-247-1656-5.
  4. ^ Tom Bryant (31 October 2007). "Football - Knowledge: the footballers who have moves named after them". The Guardian.
  5. ^ "Penalty king Antonin Panenka in serious condition at Czech hospital". ESPN. 7 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Panenku propustili z nemocnice. 'Tátu jsem vyzvedl a odvezl domů,' vzkázal přes klub jeho syn". (in Czech). 14 October 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  7. ^ "1976 team of the tournament". 21 March 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Historie ankety Fotbalista roku" (in Czech). Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Legends". Golden Foot. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.

External links[edit]