1 August 1907|
|Died||2 February 1976
|Years of service||1938–45|
|Unit||SS Cavalry Brigade
22nd Volunteer cavalry Division Maria Theresia
37th SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Lützow
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Iron Cross I Class
Iron Cross II Class
Wound Badge in Gold
General Assault Badge
Eastern Front Medal
Anton Ameiser (1 August 1907 — 2 February 1976) was an Obersturmbannführer in the Waffen SS during World War II. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Anton Ameiser was born in Munich on the 1 August 1907. He became a merchant after completing his secondary school education and joined the NSDAP in 1933 and then volunteered for the SS-VT in 1938. He was assigned to the SS Cavalry Standarte 15.
World War II
At the start of World War II, he was posted to the SS Cavalry Brigade which was being formed in Poland. He served with the SS Cavalry Brigade in the early campaigns of the war and was awarded the Iron Cross I & II class and the Eastern Front Medal. Between March and April 1942 he served as the Adjutant for the Brigade.
In 1944 he was posted to the 22nd SS Cavalry Division Maria Theresia in command of the 52nd SS Cavalry Regiment. He was awarded the Knight's Cross for his bravery during the fighting at Budapest. The Division had been deployed in the defense of the Hungarian capital. There it was encircled along with the rest of the Axis troops in the Hungarian capital and destroyed. Only some 170 men made it out of the encirclement.
Ameiser was then given command of the SS Cavalry regiment 94, 37th SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Lützow.
Anton Ameiser survived the war and died in his hometown of Munich on the 20 February 1976.
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 1 November 1944 as SS-Sturmbannführer of the Reserves and leader of SS Freiwilligen-Kavallerie-Regiment 52 "Ungarn"
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 115.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 191.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Krätschmer, Ernst-Günther (1999). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Waffen-SS [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Waffen-SS]. Coburg, Germany: Nation Europa Verlag. ISBN 978-3-920677-43-9.
- Mitcham, Samuel W (2007). Retreat to the Reich : the German defeat in France, 1944. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3384-7.
- Mitcham, Samuel W (2007). The German Defeat in the East, 1944–45. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3371-7.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.