Anton Eiselsberg

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Anton Eiselsberg
Prof. Dr. Baron Eiselsberg 1917 L. Grillich.png
Anton Eiselsberg, 1917
Born(1860-07-31)31 July 1860
Died25 October 1939(1939-10-25) (aged 79)
Scientific career
InstitutionsUtrecht University

Anton Freiherr von Eiselsberg was born on 31 July 1860 at Schloss Steinhaus, Upper Austria.

A student of Theodor Billroth, Eiselsberg served as professor of medicine at Utrecht University and at University of Königsberg before being appointed head of the First Department of Surgery at the University of Vienna. He was one of the founders of neurosurgery, co-founder of the Austrian Cancer Society in 1910, and an honorary member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. It was his initiative that lead to the creation of the world-first emergency surgery station in Vienna, dramatically increasing the effectiveness of medical intervention after accidents.

Eiselsberg was awarded the second Lister Medal in 1927 for his contributions to surgical science. As part of the award, he was invited to give the Lister Memorial Lecture at the Royal College of Surgeons of England in July 1927.[1]

He himself died during the early days of World War II in an accident caused by the collision of two trains in the vicinity of St. Valentin, Lower Austria, on 25 October 1939.

He was one of the greatest surgeons, teachers and clinical researchers of his time. Billroth described him as "my best student." In 1909 he founded, along with Julius Hochenegg the world's first model emergency rooms. Eiselsberg and Hochenegg are considered "fathers of the emergency rooms" (ER)


  • Die Werkstatt des Chirurgen. 1912.
  • Die Hypophyse. Vienna, 1930.
  • Lebensweg eines Chirurgen. Vienna, Tyrolia, 1938.

Decorations and awards[edit]


  1. ^ "British Medical Journal". BMJ. 2 (3433): 741. 1926. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.3433.741. PMC 2523533.


  • Paul (1982). "Our surgical heritage. Anton von Eiselsberg". Zentralblatt für Chirurgie. 107 (7): 418–21. PMID 7048805.
  • Rutkow (1980). "The letters of William Halsted and Anton von Eiselsberg: a very special friendship". Archives of Surgery. 115 (8): 993–1001. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1980.01380080083019. PMID 6994682.
  • Michler; Benedum, J (1970). "The letters from Jacques-Louis Reverdin and Theodore Kocher to Anton v. Eiselsberg. A study on the discovery of deficiency symptoms following total extirpation of the thyroid gland". Gesnerus. 27 (3): 169–84. PMID 4927249.
  • Schmid (1960). "On the 100th birthday of Professor Anton von EISELSBERG". Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift. 110: 923–4. PMID 13747908.

External links[edit]