Anton Ernst Oldofredi

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Anton Ernst Oldofredi (1906-1982) was a German scholar and politician. In the early stage of the Second World War he served as the Volksführer of the German minority in Carpatho-Ukraine and held the post of Under-Secretary of State in the government of the short-lived Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine.

Born in Elbogen an der Eger on 13 March 1906 as Anton Ernst Fladerer.[1] He took the name Oldofredi in 1936, having been legally adopted by the former Austrian count Léonce Graf von Oldofredi under Austrian law in that year.[1][2][3][4] He obtained an engineering degree from the Technical University of Prague in 1929.[5] Between 1931 and 1938 he worked with agricultural institutions in Slovakia and Moravia.[3] In Slovakia he joined the Carpathian German Party around 1935.[1] Initially he was active organizing the party in the German enclave in Kremnica-Nitrianske Pravno.[1] Later the party leader Franz Karmasin sent him to Subcarpathian Rus' to lead the party branch there.[1][2] Following the 1938 Munich Agreement, Oldofredi was named by Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle in Berlin as the Volksführer of the German People's Council of Carpatho-Ukraine.[1]

In 1939 Oldofredi was elected to the Soim, the parliament of Carpatho-Ukraine. He represented the German minority on the unity list of the Ukrainian National Organization.[6][7] As Carpatho-Ukraine declared its independence, Oldofredi was named Under-Secretary of State of the short-lived republic.[6][7] He served as the head of the Deutscher Aufbaudienst in Slovakia during the Second World War, as well as serving in frontline cavalry.[6]

In 1945 Oldofredi moved to French occupation zone in Germany.[1] He settled down in Blieskastel, Saarland.[1] In Saar he worked as an agronomist at the Agricultural School of Blieskastel and Merzig and as an economic advisor to the Saarland government.[3][5] In 1953 he obtained a doctorate degree in agronomy at the University of Hohenheim.[5] In 1954 the Ministry of Interior of Saarland declared the adoption of Oldofredi as void.[4] In 1957 he obtained a dr. rer. oec. degree from the University of Innsbruck.[5] Between 1964 and 1970 he served as regional chairman of the Federation of Agronomists.[3] In 1971 he moved to Baden-Baden.[1] He served as chairman of the Institute of Cultural Anthropology in Freiburg 1974–1976.[3][5] In 1975 he obtained a Dr. rer. nat. degree from the University of Freiburg.[5]

Oldofredi died in Offenburg on 15 March 1982.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mads Ole Balling (1991). Von Reval bis Bukarest: Ungarn, Jugoslawien, Rumänien, Slowakei, Karpatenukraine, Kroatien, Memelländischer Landtag, Schlesischer Landtag, komparative Analyse, Quellen und Literatur, Register. Dokumentation Verlag. p. 677. ISBN 978-87-983829-5-9.
  2. ^ a b c Walter Ziegler; Sabine Rehm (1999). Die Vertriebenen vor der Vertreibung: die Heimatländer der deutschen Vertriebenen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert : Strukturen, Entwicklungen, Erfahrung. Iudicium. p. 667. ISBN 978-3-89129-046-0.
  3. ^ a b c d e Who's who in Germany. Intercontinental Book and Publishing Company. 1974. p. 1240. ISBN 9783921220283.
  4. ^ a b Hans Friedrich von Ehrenkrook (2000). Genealogisches Handbuch der adeligen Häuser. Starke. pp. 260–261. ISBN 978-3-7980-0821-2.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Who's who in Western Europe. International Biographical Centre. 1981. p. 567. ISBN 978-0-900332-61-6.
  6. ^ a b c The Trident. Vol. 3–4. Published by Organization for Rebirth of Ukraine. 1939. pp. 12, 22.
  7. ^ a b Peter George Stercho (1971). Diplomacy of Double Morality: Europe's Crossroads in Carpatho-Ukraine, 1919-1939. Carpathian Research Center. p. 408.