Antonius Johannes Geesink (6 April 1934 – 27 August 2010) was a Dutch 10th dan judoka. He was the first non-Japanese judoka to win gold at the World Judo Championships, a feat he accomplished in 1961 and 1965. He was also an Olympic Champion, having won gold at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Japan, and won a record 21 European Judo Championships during his career.
Geesink took up judo aged 14 and by 17 started competing internationally, winning a silver medal in 1951. The following year, he won his first European title. Through to 1967, twenty more European titles followed.
At the 1956 World Championships, Geesink was eliminated in the semi-finals against Yoshihiko Yoshimatsu. At the 1961 World Championships, Geesink, then 5th dan, became World Champion in the open class, defeating the Japanese champion Koji Sone. Japanese judokas had won all the World Championship titles contested up to that point.
Judo debuted as an official sport at the 1964 Summer Olympics, which were held in the sport's home country, Japan. Although Japan dominated three of the four weight divisions (light, middle and heavy), Anton Geesink won the final of the open weight division, defeating Akio Kaminaga in front of his home crowd.
After winning the 1965 World Championships and a last European title in 1967, Geesink quit competitive judo.
Anton Geesink was one of the few 10th Dan grade judoka (jūdan) recognized by the IJF but not by Kodokan at that rank. Promotions from 6th to 10th Dan are awarded for services to the sport of judo. In 2010 there are three living 10th dan grade judoka (jūdan) recognized by Kodokan: Toshiro Daigo, Ichiro Abe and Yoshimi Osawa. The Kodokan has not awarded the 10th Dan to anybody outside Japan.
Professional wrestling career
In October 1973, All Japan Pro Wrestling owner Giant Baba recruited Anton Geesink to join AJPW. Baba sent him to Amarillo, TX and Dory Funk Jr. and Terry Funk trained him for a month. He worked for All Japan from 1973 to 1978, as a popular part-timer.
Geesink's notable professional wrestling opponents included Bruno Sammartino, Gorilla Monsoon, Dick Murdoch, Dory Funk Jr., Bobby Duncum, Bob Remus (Sgt. Slaughter), Don Leo Jonathan, and Jumbo Tsuruta.
Films and publications
Geesink made his acting debut in 1962, playing a detective in the Dutch film Rififi in Amsterdam. In 1965 he starred as Samson in the Italian historical film Gideon and Samson: Great Leaders of the Bible, and in the 1960s-1980s took part in three Dutch TV series, including the children's show Oebele, where he also sang the song "Judo rock". In the 1960s he published several books on judo in Dutch and English.
International Olympic Committee work
In 1986 during the Maastricht IJF DC meeting Geesink proposed that one player should wear a blue Judogi.
In 1987, Geesink became a member of the board of the Dutch National Olympic Committee, and a member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
Geesink was among the IOC members suspected of accepting bribes during the scandal surrounding the election of Salt Lake City as the host of the 2002 Winter Olympics. Geesink's name was cleared by the IOC which nevertheless issued him a warning for the appearance of a conflict of interest which could have damaged the reputation of the IOC. Geesink continued working for IOC until his death in 2010.
Personal life and death
Geesink was born and raised in Utrecht. His family was poor and he started work as a builder aged 12. He died in 2010 aged 76 in the town of his birth. He was survived by Jans Geesink, his wife of more than 50 years; his sons Willy and Anton Jr.; and daughter, Leni.
His home town of Utrecht has a street named after him — which is the street he lived on for some time up until his death in August 2010. On 29 January 2000, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by Kokushikan University, a Japanese university known for its sport education and of which four alumni are Olympic gold medalists in judo, with the following praise:
At the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, Mr. Geesink won the gold medal in the open class as the first non-Japanese. Since then, with the spirit of budō, he has contributed to the international peace and promoted the cultural exchange and friendship between the people of the Netherlands and of Japan. Furthermore, he explored judo in light of education and somatology and has been devoted to its diffusion and development. To honor his contribution to the worldwide diffusion of judo, this university, as a body which prizes the spirit of budō, awarded him an honorary doctorate of Kokushikan University.
- Peter Nichols (6 September 2010). "Anton Geesink obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
- "JudoInside - Anton Geesink Judoka". Retrieved 26 June 2023.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Anton Geesink". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 3 December 2016.
- Nichols, Peter (6 September 2010) Anton Geesink obituary. The Guardian
- Black Belt Vol. 2, No. 2. Active Interest Media, Inc. March 1964. p. 27.
- Black Belt Vol. 1, No. 3. Active Interest Media, Inc. April 1962. pp. 7, 64.
- Takahashi, Masao (2005). Mastering Judo. Human Kinetics. p. 7. ISBN 073605099X.
- Anton Geesink. Google Books.
- KuSakuraShop (6 April 2020). "The story of the iconic Judogi". translation missing: en.blog.slogan_html. Retrieved 19 June 2023.
- L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays
- Goldstein, Richard (31 August 2010). "Anton Geesink, Medalist Who Helped Popularize Judo, Dies at 76". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- Public Relation Section of Kokushikan University (27 February 2000), "アントニウス・J・ヘーシンク氏に名誉博士の学位を贈呈 (The Awarding of an Honorary Doctorate to Mr. Antonius J. Geesink)" (PDF), 国士舘大学新聞 (Kokushikan University Newspaper) (in Japanese), vol. 421, retrieved 28 March 2012[permanent dead link]
- Anton Geesink at the International Judo Federation
- Anton Geesink at JudoInside.com
- Anton Geesink at AllJudo.net (in French)
- Anton Geesink at the International Wrestling Database
- Anton Geesink at CageMatch worker
- Anton Geesink at Internet Wrestling Database
- Anton Geesink at Olympics.com
- Anton Geesink at Olympedia
- Anton Geesink at The-Sports.org
- Videos of Anton Geesink (judovision.org)
- Online access to the inventory of the archives of Geesink (The Utrecht Archives)