Anton Josef Trčka

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Anton Josef Trčka (Antios)
AJ Trčka selfportrait.jpg
Selfportrait, c. 1925
Born
Anton Josef Trčka

(1893-09-07)7 September 1893[1][2]
Died16 March 1940(1940-03-16) (aged 49)[1]
NationalityAustrian
EducationAcademy of Fine Arts Vienna
Known forPhotography, poetry
MovementSymbolism, Expressionism

Anton Josef Trčka; 7 September 1893 – 16 March 1940) was an Austrian-born Czech photographer, painter and poet. He was mostly known for his portraits, which he signed with the name "Antios," a combination of his first and middle names. His studio was destroyed by a bomb in 1944, and photographs of artists Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele are some of the few surviving examples of his work.[1][2]

Trčka was born in Vienna to Czech parents who came from Moravia hence throughout his life he was connected with both Germanic and Czech cultures, and lived and worked in Prague and Vienna.[1] In 1911 he entered the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. During that time he experimented with new photographic techniques, and some of his pictures were produced both in silver bromide and bromoil prints, as mirror images. He also often modified the background of a negative with a brush to create a more artistic expression.[2]

In the early 1910s Trčka reproduced some paintings of Egon Schiele. Trčka photographed Schiele in early 1914.[2] Between 1916 and 1918 he served with the Austrian Army, and then worked as a military photographer. He resumed his studio work in 1924.[1] Continuing to study his craft, Trčka was one of the students of Hella Katz.[3]

Trčka died from gas poisoning aged 46. He was married to Clara Schlesinger.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h T. Starl (2012) "Trčka, Anton Josef; Ps. Antios (1893–1940), Photograph, Maler und Schriftsteller" in Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Vol. 14. Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna. ISBN 978-3-7001-7312-0, pp. 439 and 440.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Anton Josef Trcka: Retrospective 1912–1939". Kunst Historisches Museum. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  3. ^ Holzer, Anton (2009). Elly Niebuhr – Fotografin aus Wien: Alltag und Haute Couture (in German). Vienna, Austria: Böhlau Verlag. p. 21. ISBN 978-3-205-78364-0.