Anton Köllisch

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Anton Köllisch (16 March 1888 – September 1916) was the German chemist who, whilst working at Darmstadt for pharmaceutical giant Merck, first synthesized the chemical MDMA that would later come to be known as "ecstasy".

A patent was filed for the drug on Christmas Eve 1912, and was granted on May 16, 1914. Köllisch, however, died as a soldier in World War I in September 1916 with no idea of the impact his synthesis would have.