Anton Tiberius Kliegl
|Died||May 19, 1927 (aged 54)|
|Residence||Germany, United States|
|Citizenship||German, then American|
|Occupation||Plumber, businessman, inventor|
|Organization||Kliegl Brothers Universal Electric Stage Lighting Company|
|Known for||Invention of Klieg light|
|Home town||Bad Kissingen, Bavaria|
|Spouse(s)||Leopoldine Helfrich (m. 1902)|
|Relatives||Johann Kliegl (1869–1959; brother, business partner)|
Life and work
Kliegl was one of eight children of the spa musician Adam Tiberius Kliegl and his wife Therese Ströhlein. Anton Kliegl's grandfather Johann Kliegl came with his orchestra from Bohemia to Bad Kissingen in 1836, where he founded the Kurorchester Bad Kissingen ("Bad Kissingen Spa Orchestra") in 1837.
In 1893, Anton Kliegl, then 21 years old and trained as a plumber, followed his elder brother Johann (1869–1959) to New York City, United States. Johann had emigrated earlier, in 1888. There they both worked in a factory which manufactured electric arc lamps. They bought the factory in 1896, and renamed it as their own company, Kliegl Brothers Universal Electric Stage Lighting Company. The company specialized in stage technology and stage effects, which they themselves designed. The company was one of the first of its kind.
On December 27, 1902, Kliegl married Leopoldine Helfrich. The marriage remained childless.
In 1911 Kliegl invented the carbon arc lamp still known as Klieg light, which produced double the brightness with the same energy needs as contemporary lamps of that time, and was specifically used for stage lighting and filming. In the silent film era he developed many new special effects for movies such as Ben Hur and Wizard of Oz.
Kliegl gave generous donations to his home town of Bad Kissingen - the Kliegl children's park, the Anton Kliegl Elementary School, feeding the poor, a nursery, a children's recreation center, and the interior of the council hall in the Old Town Hall benefited from his generosity.
- Bad Kissingen has a Kliegl-Platz ("Kliegl Square"). It was redesigned in 2009, and a Kliegl-Brunnen ("Kliegl Fountain") was added.
- The Anton Kliegl Elementary School (Anton Kliegl Middle School since 2010) still exists in Bad Kissingen.
- The city of Bad Kissingen awarded Kliegl an honorary citizenship in 1922.
- Wulz, Gerhard (2001). Der Kapellenfriedhof in Bad Kissingen. Ein Führer mit Kurzbiografien [The Chapel Cemetery in Bad Kissingen. A guide with short biographies] (in German). Verlag Stadt Bad Kissingen. ISBN 3-934912-04-4.
- "Factoids, trivia, and reference material about Kliegl Brothers Universal Electric Stage Lighting Company". Kliegl Brothers Universal Electric Stage Lighting Company Collectors Society. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Die Kliegl-Brüder: Anton Tiberius & Johann Hugo Kliegl". Website of the city of Bad Kissingen. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Marshall Spiller (March 1, 2003). "Joel Rubin on Kliegl Brothers Universal Electric Stage Lighting Company". Live Design. Retrieved 7 October 2013.