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|Minister of Finance of Russia|
|Assumed office |
27 September 2011
27 September – 16 December 2011
7 – 21 May 2012
7 – 18 May 2018
15 – 21 January 2020
|Prime Minister||Vladimir Putin|
|Preceded by||Alexei Kudrin|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia|
18 May 2018 – 15 January 2020
Acting: 15 – 21 January 2020
|Prime Minister||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Preceded by||Igor Shuvalov|
|Succeeded by||Andrey Belousov|
|Born||12 April 1963|
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||United Russia|
|Alma mater||Moscow Finance Institute|
Anton Germanovich Siluanov (Russian: Анто́н Ге́рманович Силуа́нов, IPA: [ɐnˈton ˈɡʲɛrmənəvʲɪtɕ sʲɪlʊˈanəf]; born 12 April 1963) is a Russian politician and economist. He has the federal state civilian service rank of 1st class Active State Councillor of the Russian Federation.
In 2011, he was appointed Minister of Finance by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin substituting in this position Alexei Kudrin, who was forced out and dismissed by president Dmitry Medvedev after publicly criticizing the additional defense spending of 2.1 trillion rubles (US$66 billion) through 2014. Siluanov served as First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia from 2018 to 2020.
In 1985, Siluanov graduated from the Moscow Finance Institute with a degree in "Finance and credit". In 1994, he obtained a PhD degree in economics (Russian nomenclature for the degree is кандидат экономических наук).
From August 1985 to March 1987, Siluanov served as a senior economist for the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. From March 1987 to May 1989, he was drafted and served in the Soviet Army.
From May 1989 to January 1992, he was a senior economist, a department head and a chief consultant and adviser for the Ministry of Finance. In February 1992, he was appointed as Deputy Head of the Ministry of Economics and Finance of the Russian Federation. From February 1992 to October 1997, he was the Deputy Head of Budget Office and Deputy Head of Budget Department of the Russian Ministry of Finance.
From October 1997 to July 2003, Siluanov led macro-economic policy and banking activities at the Russian Ministry of Finance.
On March 22, 2001, he became a member of the Board of the Ministry of Finance. From July 2003 to May 2004, he was the Deputy Minister of Finance, and from May 2004 to December 12, 2005, he served as Director of the intergovernmental relations of the Ministry of Finance of Russia, Deputy Minister.
On September 27, 2011, the Prime Minister of Russia, Vladimir Putin, appointed him as Acting Minister of Finance of Russia, replacing in office the long-term minister, Alexei Kudrin. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, who announced the appointment at a government meeting on September 27, 2011, after it was approved by Medvedev, said Siluanov was a “good, solid specialist.” First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov will take over the responsibilities Kudrin had as the deputy prime minister in charge of the economy. Alexey Kudrin will be replaced by Anton Siluanov in International Monetary Fund, World Bank and in Eurasian Anticrisis economic Fund — ACF (Антикризисном фонде ЕврАзЭС) under Eurasian Development Bank.
Minister of Finance
On 26 March 2014, the IMF secured an $18bn bailout fund for the provisional government of the Ukraine in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. It remains unclear whether Siluanov approved the use of Russian money for this purpose, or whether he was able to prevent this by withholding consent. Russia has a seat to itself amongst 24 on the Executive Board of the IMF, whereas its monetary contribution to the IMF is inferior to two countries who have no such seat.
U.S. sanctions target
In response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, on 6 April 2022 the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury added Siluanov to its list of persons sanctioned pursuant to Executive Order 14024.
- Diploma of the Ministry of Finance (2001)
- Prize of the Minister of Finance (2002)
- Order For Merit to the Fatherland IV degree (2011)
- ^ "О присвоении классных чинов государственной гражданской службы Российской Федерации федеральным государственным гражданским служащим Министерства финансов Российской Федерации". Decree No. 683 of 5 May 2008 (in Russian). President of Russia.
- ^ "Медведев предложил кандидатов в новый состав правительства". РИА Новости (in Russian). 7 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- ^ "Putin names Anton Siluanov new Russian finance minister". BBC News. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
- ^ "Anton Siluanov Named Russia's Acting Finance Minister". RTT News. 27 September 2011. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
- ^ "Russian Finance Minister Picking Up Where Kudrin Left Off". Bloomberg. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
- ^ http://www.itar-tass.com/c16/236304.html[dead link]
- ^ Critchlow, Andrew (26 March 2014). "Ukraine to get $15bn as Russia hit by downgrades". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
- ^ Evans Pritchard, Ambrose (27 March 2014). "Windfall for hedge funds and Russian banks as IMF rescues Ukraine". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
- ^ transcripts.cnn.com: "TRANSCRIPTS: QUEST MEANS BUSINESS" 27 Mar 2014
- ^ Office of Foreign Assets Control. "Notice of OFAC Sanctions Actions." Published 2022-0418. 87 FR 23023
- 1963 births
- Living people
- 1st class Active State Councillors of the Russian Federation
- Economists from Moscow
- United Russia politicians
- 21st-century Russian politicians
- Finance ministers of Russia
- Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation alumni
- Deputy heads of government of the Russian Federation
- Russian individuals subject to the U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctions
- Politicians from Moscow