Anton Vratuša

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Anton Vratuša
Anton vratusa.jpg
Chairmen of the Executive Council of Slovenia
In office
April 1978 – July 1980
Personal details
Born Vratussa Antal
(1915-02-21) 21 February 1915 (age 102)
Dolnji Slaveči, Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Slovenia)

Anton Vratuša, born Vratussa Antal[1][2][3] (born 21 February 1915) is a former politician and diplomat, who was Prime Minister of Slovenia and Yugoslavia's ambassador to the United Nations. At the age of 102 years, 125 days he is oldest living former head of state in the world.

Life[edit]

Vratuša was born in Dolnji Slaveči, Austro-Hungarian Empire, today Slovenia. His parents were Vratussa Antal and Anna Bokán.[4][5]

From 1941 onward, he was involved in the Yugoslav People's Liberation War, and was interned in the Italian concentration camps of Gonars, of Treviso, of Padova, and of Rab from February 1942 to September 1943.[6] After the concentration camp at Rab was liberated by the Yugoslav Partisans, Vratuša was named Deputy Commander of their Rab battalion, made up of camp survivors.[6] He was also the head of the Yugoslav Partisans' delegation at the National Liberation Committee, the Italian Partisans' underground political entity during the German occupation of Italy in the last years of World War II.[7]

After the war, he pursued an academic and diplomatic career. He was Chief of Staff to Edvard Kardelj (1953–65); the UN Commissioner to South West Africa (now Namibia) (27 October 1966 – 13 June 1967) while it was under direct UN rule [8] and Yugoslavia's ambassador to the United Nations (1967–69).[6] From April 1978 to July 1980, he was the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia.[9]

He helped to found the International Center for Promotion of Enterprises (formerly known as the International Center for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries), where he currently serves as the Honorary President of its Council.[citation needed]

Work[edit]

Vratuša's published works include The Commune in Yugoslavia (1965) and Prospects of the Non-Aligned Movement (1981).[10] From 1985 until 1988, he wrote various UN publications, especially in the fields of the law of the sea and politics in developing countries.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vilko Novak (2004) (in Slovene, Hungarian). Zgodovina iz spomina/Történelem emlékezetből. [History From Memory]. Založba ZRC. Ljubljana. 2004, p. 99. ISBN 961-6500-34-1.
  2. ^ Ivan Jerič (January 2001) (in Slovene). Zgodovina madžarizacije v Prekmurju. [History of Magyarisation in Prekmurje]. Murska Sobota. Pg. 15.
  3. ^ http://stajerska.eu/2017/02/25/102-leti-akademika-dr-antona-vratuse-vrana/
  4. ^ Születettek és házasultak nyakönyve, Vízlendva 1860-1935
  5. ^ Dervarič, Tadeja (April 2010). "Dr. Anton Vratuša" (PDF). Občina Grad: Informativno glasilo Občine Grad [Municipality of Grad: The Informative Bulletin of the Municipality of Grad] (in Slovenian). XI (28). pp. 14–15. 
  6. ^ a b c (in Slovene) Vratuša, Anton - Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti, sazu.si]
  7. ^ Text at vratusa.doc
  8. ^ Namibia
  9. ^ Slovenia
  10. ^ International Studies (sign-in required))
  11. ^ Profile at UNBISnet

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Andrej Marinc
Chairmen of the Executive Council of Slovenia
April 1978 – July 1980
Succeeded by
Janez Zemljarič