Anton von Hohberg und Buchwald
|Anton von Hohberg und Buchwald|
21 September 1885|
Wismar, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Empire
|Died||2 July 1934
Dulzen, East Prussia, Germany (Dulsin, Poland)
|Years of service||–1918|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Spouse(s)||Gertrud von Rheinbaben (1909-1912, divorced)|
|Relations||Georg von Rheinbaben (father in law)|
|Other work||SS Cavalry leader (East Prussa)|
Hohberg was born in Wismar, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and started a career as an Cavalry officer in the German Imperial Army. He served throughout World War I as a Rittmeister (Captain) and was retired after 1918. After his dismissal, he went to his family's manor in Dulzen near Preussisch Eylau, East Prussia, where he started to work as a farmer. In 1909 he married Gertrud von Rheinbaben (1888–1949), daughter of Prussian Minister of Interior and Finances Georg von Rheinbaben, but divorced in 1912 after a duel with Horst von Blumenthal, whom she then married. Around 1930 he joined the National Socialist German Workers' Party and was temporarily a member of the staff of East Prussian SS leader Erich von dem Bach–Zelewski, but came into personal conflicts with him.
On 14 May 1934 Hohberg was dismissed as SS–Oberabschnittsreiterführer (regional SS Cavalry leader) with a rank of SS-Obersturmführer (First Lieutenant). During the Night of the Long Knives, von dem Bach gave the order to kill Hohberg. Most probably on 2 July 1934, Hohberg was shot in his manor house in Dulzen by SS-Scharführer Zummach (von dem Bach's chauffeur) and SS-Obersturmführer Carl Reinhard. Hohberg was one of the few SS-members, and probably the highest-ranking one, killed in the Röhm-Putsch.
Von dem Bach-Zelewski was a high-ranking SS-officer throughout World War II. On 16 January 1961 he was sentenced to four and a half years imprisonment by a West German court for the Hohberg murder. He died in prison in 1972.
- Matthias Schmettow: Gedenkbuch des deutschen Adels, 1967, p. 144 (German)
- Meindl, Ralf (2007). Ostpreussens Gauleiter Erich Koch: eine politische Biographie (in German). University of Freiburg. p. 212. ISBN 978-3-938400-19-7. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
- Hamburger Abendblatt 4 August 1962
- Wojskowy Instytut Historyczny: Historia Militaris Polonica. 1974, S. 273 (Polish)
- Alfred Gerigk: Deutschland und das Weltgeschehen, 1961, p. 285 (German)
- Bernt Engelmann: Einig gegen Recht und Freiheit, 1975, p. 328 (German)
- Heinz Höhne: Der Orden unter dem Totenkopf. Die Geschichte der SS, 1967, p. 115 (German)