Moine was born in Saint-Étienne.
He began his career as a landscape painter, before becoming a sculptor. He obtained some success exhibiting at the Salon in the early 1830s. From 1835 to 1840, Antonin Moine worked, alongside Louis-Parfait Merlieux and Jean-Jacques Elshoecht (said Carle Elshoecht), on the creation of sculptures commissioned for the Fontaine des Mers and the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi devoted to the beautification of the Place de la Concorde, as decided by the Mairie de Paris, its owner since 1828. The work was attributed to architect Jacques-Ignace Hittorff.
In 1836, Moine sculpted some of the three Néréides which are on each fountain.
Antonin Moine committed suicide in Paris on 18 March 1849.
A square was named after him in Saint-Étienne.
A portrait of Moine by Herminie Déhérain, exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1833, is today in the collection of the musée national des châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon.
- Internet Antique Gazette
- "Autour de la statue de Desaix par Nanteuil, place de Jaude à Clermont-Ferrand" (in French). Annales historiques de la Révolution Française, Antoinette Ehrard. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- (in French) J.-L. Champion, Antonin Moine (1796-1849), Sculpteur romantique, Bulletin de la Société de l'histoire de l'art français, 1997, pp. 251-274, ISSN 0301-4126
- "Antonin Moine" (in French). Universalis. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington D.C. (2012). Royalists to Romantics: Women Artists from the Louvre, Versailles, and Other French National Collections. London: Scala Publishers Limited. ISBN 9781857597431.