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Antonio Agustín y Albanell

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Most Reverend

Antonio Agustín y Albanell
Archbishop of Tarragona
Antonio Agustín y Albanell.
ChurchCatholic Church
In office1576–1586
PredecessorGaspar Cervantes de Gaete
SuccessorJoan Terès i Borrull
Ordination18 Dec 1557
Consecration21 Dec 1557
by Giovanni Giacomo Barba
Personal details
Born17 Feb 1517
Died31 May 1586 (age 69)
Rome, Italy

Antonio Agustín y Albanell (1516–1586), also referred to as Augustinus, was a Spanish Humanist historian, jurist, and Roman Catholic archbishop of Tarragona, who pioneered the historical research of the sources of canon law.[1]


Born in Zaragoza, Agustín studied law and classical literature in Alcalá, Salamanca, Padua and Bologna, notably as a pupil of Andrea Alciati.

With his nomination as an auditor of the Sacra Rota Romana in 1544, Agustín started his ecclesiastical career, which saw him become a papal nuncio in 1554/55. On 21 Dec 1557, he was consecrated bishop by Giovanni Giacomo Barba - Bishop of Terni, with Cesare Cibo - Archbishop of Turin, and Ferdinando Pandolfini - Bishop of Troia, serving as co-consecrators.[2] In 1556, he was named Bishop of Alife, and then named Bishop of Lleida in 1561. After participating in the Council of Trient in 1561–63, he was named Archbishop of Tarragona in 1576.


Agustín is now primarily remembered as the first canon law historian; Peter Landau counts him among the other authors that enabled us to consider the 16th century the founding age of the science of history.

His first main work, Emendationum et opinionum libri IV, proposed the now widely accepted thesis that the Littera Florentina manuscript was the source for all other copies of the Pandects. This undermined the authority, fundamental to medieval Roman law, of the Latin Vulgate text of the Pandects.

Agustín's other main historical works are:


  1. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Antonius Augustinus" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  2. ^ Cheney, David M. "Archbishop Antonio Agustín". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved February 14, 2019. [self-published]


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Alife
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Lérida
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Tarragona
Succeeded by