Antonio Casimir Cartellieri
Antonio Casimir Cartellieri (27 September 1772 – 2 September 1807) was a Polish-Austrian composer, violinist, conductor, and voice teacher. His reputation dissipated after his death, not to be resurrected until the late 20th century. One son was the spa physician Paul Cartellieri. Another, Josef Cartellieri, compiled some largely second-hand biographical notes about the father he scarcely knew.
Life and career
Cartellieri was born in Danzig. His father, Antonio Maria Gaetano Cartellieri, was Italian, and his mother, Elisabeth Böhm, was Latvian. Both of his parents were opera singers and he received his earliest musical education from them. When he was 13, his parents divorced, at which time Cartellieri moved with his mother to Berlin. In that city he began studying music composition.
In 1791, at the age of 18, Cartellieri became court composer and music director for Michał Kazimierz Ogiński in Poland. In 1793, he returned to Berlin with his employer where his first opera premiered successfully. He then went with the Count to Vienna, where he continued with further musical studies in music theory and composition under Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and possibly Antonio Salieri.
On 29–30 March 1795, the première of his oratorio Gioas re di Giuda took place in Wiener Burgtheater. (In the interval, Beethoven played his piano concerto which became Beethoven’s debut as a composer.) In 1796, Cartellieri was engaged by Prince Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowicz (1772–1817) as the Kapellmeister, singing teacher, and violinist, roles he held until his death 11 years later. His other duties at court included directing operas and playing the violin in both concerts of chamber music and symphonic music. He notably performed in the world premières of several works by his friend Beethoven under the composer's baton, including the Eroica Symphony and the Triple Concerto on 23 January 1805. He died in Liebhausen (Libčeves), Bohemia at the age of 34.
- Symphony No. 1 in C minor
- Symphony No. 2 in Eb major
- Symphony No. 3 in C major
- Symphony No. 4 (no key indication)
- Flute concerto in G major
- Clarinet Concerto No. 1 in Bb major
- Clarinet Concerto No. 2 (fragment)
- Clarinet Concerto No. 3 in Eb major
- Concerto for 2 clarinets & orchestra in Bb major
- Allegro aperto, for clarinet & orchestra in Bb major
- Divertimento for winds & strings in Eb major
- Divertimento for winds No 1 in F major (1792)
- Divertimento for winds No 2 in F major (1792)
- Divertimento for winds No 3 in F major (1792)
- Parthia No. 1 in E flat major, sextet for winds
- Parthia No. 2 in E flat major, sextet for winds
- Parthia No. 3 in E flat major, sextet for winds
- Quartet for clarinet & string trio in D major
- Quartet for clarinet & string trio No. 1 in D major
- Quartet for clarinet & string trio No. 2 in Eb major
- Quartet for clarinet & string trio No. 3 in Bb major
- Quartet for clarinet & string trio No. 4 in Eb major
- La celebre Nativita del Redentore
- Christmas Oratorio
- Gioas re di Giuda (Joas, king of Judah), Oratorio
- Die Geisterbeschwörung (1793)
- Anton (1796)
- Il Secreto (1804)
- Olga Baird, " Antonio Casimir Cartellieri (1772-1807) and his mysterious patron 'Count Oborsky' "
- Misrecalled as "Count" Oborsky by his son, and widely repeated; Oborsky is shown to have been Oginski's protegé and ward, Cartellieri's contemporary, from documents, in Baird, above.
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